北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 58-62.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0072

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国海归学者科研产出分析及国际合作启示——以麻省理工学院和斯坦福大学归国人员为例

孟晋宇, 陈向东   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 经济管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-04 出版日期:2017-11-25 发布日期:2017-11-23
  • 作者简介:孟晋宇(1979-),男,江苏盐城人,博士研究生,研究方向为技术创新管理.

Scientific Research Outputs and International Collaborations of Returned Chinese Scholars:A Case Study of Returnee Scientists from MIT and Stanford University

MENG Jinyu, CHEN Xiangdong   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-03-04 Online:2017-11-25 Published:2017-11-23

摘要:

海归学者是一类典型的知识转移载体和知识创新源泉。以麻省理工学院和斯坦福大学这两个国际顶尖大学的64名中国海归学者为研究对象,考察他们在美国的教育科研经历对他们归国后的科研产出及跨国合作状态的影响。研究结果表明,海归学者在美国期间发表的论文数量和归国后的论文数量正相关,说明学者的科研产出能力具有延续性。一方面,对于通用性强的学科,如纳米科学,研究者归国后继续保持跨国合作的意愿强;而另一方面,在美国发表了高质量论文的学者,归国后合作意愿却降低。结果为分析海归科学家的跨国知识转移和创新提供了参考依据。

关键词: 海归学者, 人才流动, 跨国知识转移, 知识创新, 国际合作

Abstract:

Returned scholars are typical carriers of knowledge transfer and innovation. Based on the samples of 64 Chinese scientists returning from MIT and Stanford University, this paper analyses the impacts of their research experience in the United States on scientific research outputs and international collaborations after returning. The results show that the number of publications while doing study in the United States is positively correlated with the number after their returning, which means the scholars can extend their scientific productivity. Meanwhile, for those general disciplines like Nano technology, the scholars are willing to keep international research collaborations with their US mentors. On the contrary, for those scholars who have high quality publications, their collaboration intention is not strong. This paper presents new evidence for international knowledge transfer and innovation upon the migration of returned scholars.

Key words: returned scholar, talent flow, transnational knowledge transfer, knowledge innovation, international collaboration

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