北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 94-100,120.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2016.0054

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

英语求职信恭维言语中的身份构建——评价理论的视角

李静, 崔晓玲   

  1. 北京邮电大学 人文学院, 北京 100876
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-02 出版日期:2018-01-25 发布日期:2018-01-31
  • 作者简介:李静(1978-),女,安徽淮北人,讲师,硕士,研究方向为英汉对比、功能语言学和语用教学.
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社会科学研究一般项目(14YJA740006);北京邮电大学教育教学改革项目(2016JY16)

Identity Construction in Compliments of English Cover Letters: Under the Framework of Appraisal Theory

LI Jing, CUI Xiaoling   

  1. School of Humanities, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876, China
  • Received:2016-03-02 Online:2018-01-25 Published:2018-01-31

摘要:

人们通过语言建立并维持各自在社会中的身份地位,成功的求职信必须要构建被读者认可的写者身份。评价理论旨在研究语篇中的人际意义和如何通过修辞手段与读者结成盟友,评价资源的选择应该具有构建合适写者身份的功能。在评价理论的视角下,通过对30份英语本族语者英语求职信和30份中国英语学习者英语求职信的对比,发现这两组写者在求职信恭维言语中构建了不同身份,为英语求职信的写作教学提供了新的角度,并进一步揭示了身份构建要素在外语语用教学过程中的重要作用。

关键词: 求职信, 评价理论, 恭维言语, 身份构建, 语用教学

Abstract:

Language functions as a tool to construct and maintain social identities. A successful cover letter must construct social identities of writers deemed as proper by readers. The appraisal theory which aims to study interpersonal meaning of discourses explores means by which writers/speakers align with readers/listeners. Right choices of appraisal resources should help build proper social identities of writers/speakers. By contrasting 30 English cover letters of native writers of English and 30 English cover letters of ESL learners in China, this paper finds different identities are built by these two groups in compliments of cover letters. The result suggests a new angle to teaching of English cover letters and further illustrates the important role of identity construction in pragmatic teaching of foreign languages.

Key words: cover letters, appraisal theory, compliments, identity construction, pragmatic teaching

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