北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 132-138.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0156

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

论科马克·麦卡锡小说中的戏仿

李碧芳, 杨萍   

  1. 福州大学 外国语学院, 福建 福州 350108
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-05 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2018-05-25
  • 作者简介:李碧芳(1965-),女,福建福州人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为英美文学与比较文学.
  • 基金资助:

    福建省社会科学规划项目(FJ2016B183);福州大学研究生院优质课程建设项目(52004641)

On Parody in Cormac McCarthy's Novels

LI Bifang, YANG Ping   

  1. School of Foreign Languages, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou Fujian 350108, China
  • Received:2017-06-05 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2018-05-25

摘要:

戏仿是科马克·麦卡锡主要的叙事策略之一。作为当代美国著名小说家,麦卡锡有很强的历史意识、民族意识和宗教意识,因此他所戏仿的对象往往有丰富的历史文化寓意,诸如《荷马史诗》《圣经》、经典西部文学和墨西哥民谣等。在对不同类型对象的戏仿中,麦卡锡或展示人性的丑恶和现代人生命追求的悲壮情结,或启示人们摒弃邪恶,或揭露现代资本主义大消费时代的社会病态,或借助诗意的语言反讽现实的黑暗和美国梦的破碎等等。正是借助戏仿,麦卡锡让读者在互文对照中重新认识历史。

关键词: 科马克·麦卡锡, 戏仿, 《荷马史诗》, 《圣经》, 经典西部文学, 墨西哥民谣

Abstract:

Parody is one of Cormac McCarthy's main narrative strategies. McCarthy is a contemporary American novelist with strong historical, national and religious consciousness, so the works he parodies are those with rich historical and cultural implication such as Homeric Epic, Bible, literary classics of the American West and corrido. McCarthy uses various ways when parodying different objects, which includes displaying the human evilness and the tragic complex in modern people's life pursuit, inspiring people to give up evil so as to build a perfect society, exposing the social evils in modern capitalistic big consumption era, using poetic language to show his irony towards the social darkness and the broken American dream, etc. McCarthy makes the readers recognize the history in intertextual contrasts through his parody.

Key words: Cormac McCarthy, parody, Homeric Epic, Bible, literary classics of the American West, corrido

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