北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 24-30.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0207

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

科技群团的双重属性与改革路径

龙卫球, 庞瑜   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-06 出版日期:2018-09-25 发布日期:2018-10-08
  • 作者简介:龙卫球(1968-),男,江西吉水人,教授,博士,研究方向为民商法、网络与信息法.

Dual Nature and Reform Path of the Science and Technology Cluster

LONG Weiqiu, PANG Yu   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-07-06 Online:2018-09-25 Published:2018-10-08

摘要:

科技群团作为科技领域的具有专业性特征的自我管理的群团组织,对于科技行业内的各个独立主体、对于整个行业发展甚至国家的"科技兴国"战略都有着特殊意义。进行科技群团改革,首先要认识群团组织产生的历史性与独特性。群团组织是中国共产党治理社会的一种特殊创造,是其在革命和建设过程中,依靠自身组织网络在应对复杂社会体系、整合各派政治力量的过程中,逐步形成的富有活力的"核心-外围"的一种政治和社会组织体系,在各自的领域发挥着重要的社会引导、组织和管理作用。进行科技群团改革,其次又要站在新的时代,正视对于群团组织性质和组织功能提出新的要求。由此,科技群团进一步改革与发展需要明确三个逻辑,即中国逻辑、时代逻辑和理论逻辑。总体而言,科技群团在改革上应当关注其政治和社会组织的双重属性;相应地在改革中应采取双主体结构耦合路径,既促进政治属性的贯通,同时也强调社会组织属性,加强建立一套自我组织、自我管理功能的治理结构体系,充分发挥自身的独立性,并坚持以法律、党规和自立章程完成上述改革的规范。

关键词: 群团组织, 科技群团改革, 人民团体, 社会组织, 双重属性

Abstract:

As self-management cluster with professional characteristics in the field of science and technology, the science and technology cluster has not only a special meaning for any individual subject in this field, but also for the whole development and even the national strategy of "Rejuvenating the Country through Science and Technology". To carry out the reform of scientific and technological cluster, we must first understand its history and uniqueness. As a special creation of the Communist Party of China to govern the society, the science and technology cluster is a political and social organization system with a characteristics of dynamic "core-periphery" gradually formed in the process of revolution and construction, relying on its own network in dealing with the complex social system and integrating various political powers. The cluster plays an important role in respective areas in social guide, organization, and management. In order to carry out the reform of scientific and technological cluster organizations, it is necessary to stand in the new era and put forward new requirements for its nature and functions. Therefore, the further reform and development of the science and technology cluster needs to clarify three logics, namely Chinese logic, times logic and theory logic. In general, the scientific and technological cluster should pay attention to the dual nature of its political and social organizations in the reform. Accordingly coupling paths should be taken in the reform of the double main body structure, promoting political attribute, emphasizing the social organization attributes, and strengthening full self-independence and the establishment of a set of governance structure system with the function of self-organization and self-management. All these should be conducted within the laws, party rules and self-reliance regulations to complete the reform.

Key words: cluster organizations, science and technology cluster reforms, people's groups, social organizations, double attribute

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