北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (5): 37-43.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0208

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

日本的科技政策与科技团体概观

王天华   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-06 出版日期:2018-09-25 发布日期:2018-10-08
  • 作者简介:王天华(1969-),男,蒙古族,河北宽城人,教授,博士,研究方向为宪法行政法.

Japan's Science and Technology Policy and Technology Group Overview

WANG Tianhua   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-07-06 Online:2018-09-25 Published:2018-10-08

摘要:

科技团体是科技政策的要素之一。在科技团体改革中,二者的紧密联系使改革的考量因素更加多元化。日本的科技政策经多次修正日臻成熟,科技团体的构建、责任及功能也相对完善。对其发展历程进行研究,对于中国科技协会的定位和改革不仅可以提供一种探索路径,更能够以经验相辅。通过日本的科技政策与科技团体的规范与发展现状进行研究,建议中国科技协会与其他学术机构建立开放交流体系,立法上借鉴日本的公益法人认定制度,吸纳人文、社会科学的知识或资源,面向社会就热门议题举办讲座或研讨。

关键词: 科技团体, 科技政策, 科技协会, 科技团体规范, 科技团体改革

Abstract:

The scientific and technological community is one element of science and technology policy, and the close relationship between the two makes the reform of the scientific and technological community more diversified. Japan's science and technology policy has been matured many times in the past, and the construction, responsibility and work of the science and technology community are relatively perfect. Studying its development process, the positioning and reform of China's science and technology associations can not only provide a path of exploration, but also complement each other with experience. After researching the status quo of Japan's science and technology policy and the normative development of science and technology missions, it is recommended that China's science and technology associations propose to establish an open communication system with other institutions in the society, and draw on the laws recognized by relevant Japanese legal persons in legislation to absorb knowledge or resources of humanities and social sciences. Organize lectures or seminars on hot topics for the society.

Key words: science and technology groups, science and technology policy, technology associations, standardization of science and technology organization, reform of science and technology group

中图分类号: