北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (1): 78-83.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0340

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国山水画及山水精神的哲学阐发

蔡劲松   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 人文与社会科学高等研究院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-14 出版日期:2019-01-25 发布日期:2019-02-19
  • 作者简介:蔡劲松(1969-),男,侗族,贵州石阡人,研究员,博士,研究方向为文化传播与管理、文化哲学、艺术理论与批评、高教管理等.

Philosophical Interpretation of Chinese Landscape Painting and Landscape Spirit

CAI Jinsong   

  1. Institute for Advanced Studies on Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-11-14 Online:2019-01-25 Published:2019-02-19

摘要:

山水画是中国传统绘画类别中成就最高、影响最大的典型代表,其图式格局、审美意味、哲学意蕴等诸多特质,在中国艺术史乃至世界艺术史中,都具有十分重要的地位。就山水画从"自然景观"到"艺术景观"的时空格局转换、山水审美的"天人合一"生态结构等方面,分析了山水画的哲学蕴含,认为传统山水画独特的审美体系重在强调情景审美、心境审美、气韵审美的辩证统一,进而从哲学视角对山水精神的内涵进行了初步探讨,提出"天人合一"之"真"、"知行合一"之"善"、"情景合一"之"美"的山水精神理念,必将促进中国山水画从传统中走来又向未来走去,创造更加辉煌的艺术精神回响。

关键词: 中国传统绘画, 山水画论, 艺术景观, 审美结构, 山水精神, 哲学意蕴

Abstract:

Landscape painting is the most successful and influential representative of traditional Chinese painting. Its pattern, aesthetic implication, philosophical spirit and many other characteristics play an important role in the history of Chinese art and even the world art history. The paper analyzes the philosophical implications of landscape painting from the space-time pattern transformation from "natural landscape" to "artistic landscape", and the ecological structure of "harmony between nature and human" in landscape aesthetics. It holds that the unique aesthetic system of the traditional landscape painting emphasize the dialectical unity of situational aesthetics, mood aesthetics and charm aesthetics. Based on the analysis of the philosophical implications of landscape painting, the paper makes a preliminary discussion on the connotation of landscape spirit from the philosophical point of view, and puts forward the landscape spirit ideas of the true of "the unity of nature and man", the good of "the unity of knowledge and practice", and the beautiful of "the unity of emotion and scenery", which will certainly promote Chinese landscape painting from the tradition to the future and create a more brilliant artistic spirit echo.

Key words: chinese traditional painting, theory of landscape painting, scenery of art, structure of aesthetic, landscape spirit, philosophical implication

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