北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (2): 84-91,138.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0322

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国草原生态文明制度的变迁路径及影响因素——基于25个草原治理政策法规的跨案例分析

常多粉   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-13 出版日期:2019-03-25 发布日期:2019-03-28
  • 作者简介:常多粉(1990-),女,河南商丘人,博士研究生,研究方向为环境治理与制度设计.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金青年项目(15CZZ036);国家社会科学基金重大项目(16ZDA059)

Path and Influence Factors of Institutional Changes of China's Grassland Ecological Civilization: Based on a Cross-case Analysis of 25 Laws and Regulations on Grassland Governing

CHANG Duofen   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-11-13 Online:2019-03-25 Published:2019-03-28

摘要:

草原制度是中国生态文明制度不可缺少的组成部分。基于25个草原治理政策法规的跨案例分析,以诺斯的制度变迁理论为视角,从变迁目标、变迁主体、变迁过程和变迁环境等方面研究了中国草原生态文明制度变迁的路径及影响因素。研究发现:制度变迁路径大致可分为草原经济效益优先的缓慢发展阶段、草原经济效益和生态效益并重的快速阶段和生态效益优先的稳定发展阶段的三个阶段;制度变迁的绩效主要受变迁目标的可持续发展程度、变迁主体的领导者环保理念、变迁过程的参与程度以及变迁环境的外部制度四个要素的影响。提出应从上述四个方面入手,实现中国草原生态文明制度高绩效变迁。

关键词: 草原治理, 生态文明, 制度变迁, 变迁目标, 变迁主体, 环保理念

Abstract:

The grassland institution is an indispensable part of China's ecological civilization institution. Based on a cross-case analysis of 25 laws and regulations on grassland governance, in the perspective of North's institutional change theory, this paper analyses the path and influence factors of the institutional changes of China's grassland ecological civilization from four aspects of the institutional change, i.e. the goal, the subjects, the process and the environment. The results are as follows:first, the path can be divided into three phases:the slow-developing phase when the economic benefits possess higher significance, the fast-developing phase when the economic benefits and ecological benefits share an equal position, and the steady-developing phase when the ecological value is of predominance. Second, there are four factors influencing the performance of the institutional change, which are the sustainable degree of the institutional goal, the environmental protection concept of the leaders, the participation of other subjects in the institutional change process, and the strength of the external institutional support. Finally, this paper puts forward four suggestions to promote the performance of institutional change of China's grassland ecological civilization.

Key words: policies of grassland governance, ecological civilization, institutional changes, goal of institutional change, subjects of institutional change, environmental protection concept

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