北京航空航天大学学报社科版 ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 119-126.

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

机场特许经营权的实践梳理与法理证成

李磊   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-27 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-12-07
  • 作者简介:李磊(1992-),男,河南平舆人,博士研究生,研究方向为物权法、航空法.

Practice and Jurisprudence of Airport Franchise

LI Lei   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-09-27 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-12-07

摘要:

《民用机场管理条例》第三十八条规定了机场特许经营权,肯定了机场属地化改革后的探索经验,为机场开展特许经营权转让业务提供了理论支撑和法律依据。但是,由于市场主体的逐利性以及法律条文的模糊性,机场管理机构不仅未剥离非航空性业务,反而以各种形式参与商业经营活动,导致机场管理机构和航空公司、驻场服务公司的经营范围重叠交叉,利益纠葛不清,影响了机场功能的发挥和服务质量的提升。未来立法需要明确机场管理机构的非营利属性,框定机场管理机构的经营范围为航空性业务,将转让非航空性业务作为机场管理机构的法定义务。同时,民航管理部门也应当制定相应配套措施,督促机场管理机构聚焦主业,剥离非航空性业务。为了照顾全国中小型机场的发展,民航管理部门可以允许其采用适度分离的做法,落实转让非航空性业务的法律要求。

关键词: 机场特许经营权, 机场管理机构, 非航空性业务

Abstract:

Article 38 of "Regulations on the Administration of Civil Airports" provides for the airport franchise,and provide theoretical support and legal basis for airport profit-making project operation. However, due to the profit-seeking nature of the market players and the ambiguity of the legal regulations, the airport management agencies not only did not divest non-aeronautical businesses, but participated in various business operations in various forms. The law needs to clarify the non-profit nature of the airport management agency, delineate the business scope of the airport management agency, and transfer the non-aeronautical business as the statutory obligation of the airport management agency. At the same time, the civil aviation administrative department should also formulate corresponding supporting measures to urge the airport management agency to fulfill their legal obligations.

Key words: airport franchise, airport authority, non-aviation business

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