北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (6): 142-147.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0148

• 高教研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

新中国成立以来研究生奖助政策变迁分析——基于历史制度主义分析视角

任政, 马永红, 吴东姣   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 人文社会科学学院高等教育研究院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-08 出版日期:2019-11-25 发布日期:2019-12-07
  • 作者简介:任政(1992-),女,山东烟台人,博士研究生,研究方向为高等教育经济与管理.
  • 基金资助:

    中国学位与研究生教育学会研究课题(2015Y0510)

Analysis of the Policy Change of Postgraduate Grants System in China at the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic: Based on the Analysis Perspective of Historical Institutionalism

REN Zheng, MA Yonghong, WU Dongjiao   

  1. High Education Institution in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-05-08 Online:2019-11-25 Published:2019-12-07

摘要:

新中国成立以来,党和国家做出重大部署保障研究生奖助政策发展,至此研究生奖助政策经历了四个阶段的发展。运用历史制度主义分析方法,进行中国研究生奖助政策变迁分析,发现影响中国研究生奖助政策发展的深层结构是教育理念指导、政府行为主导和高校自主推动;在政策变迁中表现出的路径依赖是制度运行转化成本、学习效应、协调效应以及适应性预期的结果;研究生奖助政策变迁的动力机制在于政府、高校、研究生三方的博弈均衡。

关键词: 研究生奖助政策, 制度变迁, 历史制度主义, 历史变迁, 路径依赖

Abstract:

Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Party and the state have made major deployments to ensure the development of postgraduate grant policy, which has undergone four stages of development. By using the historical institutionalism analysis method, this paper makes an analysis of the change of China's postgraduate grant policy, and finds that the deep structure affecting the development of China's postgraduate grant policy is the guidance of educational philosophy, the guidance of government behavior and the autonomous promotion of universities; And the path dependence in the policy change is the result of the transformation cost of system operation, the learning effect, the coordination effect and the adaptability expectation; And the dynamic mechanism of the change of postgraduate grant policy lies in the game equilibrium among the government, universities and postgraduates.

Key words: postgraduate grant policy, policy development, historical institutionalism, historical change, path dependence

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