北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (1): 1-7.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0429

• 新法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

论中国少年审判机构的设置

陈巍   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 少年司法研究基地, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-11 出版日期:2020-01-25 发布日期:2020-02-25
  • 作者简介:陈巍(1979-),男,湖北随州人,少年司法研究基地研究员,法学博士,研究方向为民事诉讼法学.

Establishment of Juvenile Trial Institution in China

CHEN Wei   

  1. Juvenile Justice Institute, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-12-11 Online:2020-01-25 Published:2020-02-25

摘要: 中国少年司法审判机构的设置先后出现了五种模式,通过审判机构的独立性保障少年司法的专业性与特殊要求。中国独立设置的少年法庭面临案件整体数量较少、在法院体系内地位边缘、资源投入不足难以为继等难题。当前倡导的建立少年与家事审判庭的改革趋势具有合理性与必要性,但并未从根本上克服少年司法困境,融入家事审判的少年司法依然面临被弱化的风险。在少年家事法庭模式下,少年审判应保持相对独立性,在审判人员配置、诉讼程序与工作机制方面坚持自身特色。从长远看,整合现有司法资源,成立跨区域的基层专门少年家事法院并下设若干少年法庭,是确保中国少年司法独立运行发展,充分体现少年司法特色与专业要求的长效方案。

关键词: 少年司法, 家事审判, 未成年人保护, 教育矫治, 少年家事法院

Abstract: There are five modes in the establishment of juvenile judicial institutions in China. The independence of judicial institutions guarantees the professionalism and special requirements of juvenile justice. Independent setting of the juvenile court in China has been confused with low number of cases and inadequate resources, so advocating the establishment of the juvenile and family tribunal have rationality and necessity. However, the tribunal cannot fundamentally overcome the dilemma of weakened juvenile justice. Under the model of juvenile and family tribunal, juvenile trial should maintain relative independence and adhere to its own characteristics in the allocation of judicial personnel, procedure and working mechanism. In the end, integrating existing judicial resources, establishing cross-regional specialized basic juvenile and family courts and establishing a number of juvenile tribunals under the juvenile and family courts, is to ensure the independent operation and development of juvenile justice in China, fully reflect the characteristics and professional requirements of juvenile justice.

Key words: juvenile justice, family trial, protection of minors, correction by education, juvenile family court

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