北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 39-44.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0440

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

略论宋代花鸟画的哲学内涵

陈传席, 刘阔   

  1. 中国人民大学 艺术学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-23 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-04-01
  • 作者简介:陈传席(1950-),男,江苏徐州人,教授,博士,兼任中国人民大学佛教艺术研究所所长,中国美术家协会理论委员会副主任,研究方向为美术书法雕塑及文艺理论.

On the Philosophical Connotation of Flower and Bird Painting in Song Dynasty

CHEN Chuanxi, LIU Kuo   

  1. School of Arts, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2019-12-23 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-04-01

摘要:

儒家思想确立了宋代花鸟画的主流审美意识。《宣和画谱》指出花鸟画的意义在于维护社会伦理道德。宋代院体花鸟画的创作体现了儒家"三纲五常"的伦理思想。程朱理学盛行,"格物致知"精神促使花鸟画形成了严谨精细的作风。在道家思想的影响下,宋代花鸟画领域出现了以水墨代颜色的"墨花墨禽"派。宋代禅宗炽盛,出现了禅画,风格简当,随性天真,但却受到宋代主流审美意识的贬斥而处于边缘地位。

关键词: 宋代花鸟画, 三纲五常, 格物致知, 尚淡, 禅画

Abstract:

Confucianism established the mainstream aesthetic consciousness of Song Dynasty flower and bird painting. Xuanhe Painting Manual pointed out that the significance of flower and bird painting lies in the maintenance of social ethics. The flower and bird painting of the Song Dynasty Royal Academy embodied the Confucian ethics of "three cardinal principles and five permanent principles". The popularity of Cheng Zhu's philosophy and the spirit of "knowing things by their nature" had led to a rigorous and meticulous style of flower and bird painting. Under the influence of Taoism, the Song Dynasty flower and bird painting field appeared the "ink flower and ink bird" school which replaced the color with ink. In Song Dynasty, Zen painting was very popular, with simple style and naive nature. However, it was criticized by the mainstream aesthetic consciousness of Song Dynasty, so it was on the edge.

Key words: Song Dynasty flower and bird painting, three cardinal principles and five permanent principles, knowing things by their nature, esteeming morally lofty, Zen painting

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