北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2020, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (2): 93-99,127.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0376

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中美贸易摩擦:问题、观点与对策

段颀, 卢庆贺   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 人文与社会科学高等研究院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-13 出版日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-04-01
  • 作者简介:段颀(1981-),男,湖北武汉人,讲师,博士,研究方向为国际贸易、贸易政策、国际税收竞争、环境经济政策.

Sino-US Trade Friction: Issues, Views and Strategies

DUAN Qi, LU Qinghe   

  1. Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-12-13 Online:2020-03-25 Published:2020-04-01

摘要:

简要回顾本轮中美贸易摩擦,梳理概括中国政府和学术界针对本轮中美贸易摩擦提出的代表性观点。在此基础上分析本轮中美贸易摩擦的实质,即在全球经济版图和国际分工格局深刻变化背景下,美国全面调整其对外政策,中国处于经济结构调整和升级的关键阶段,当今世界最大的两个经济体为应对彼此变革而必然会发生的一系列摩擦甚至碰撞。进一步澄清包括汇率操纵、产业政策、倾销在内的若干关键概念,特别是这些概念对中美经济贸易关系的意义,并提出中国应对贸易摩擦的策略。

关键词: 中美贸易摩擦, 汇率操纵, 产业政策, 倾销

Abstract:

We first review the current round of Sino-US trade friction, and summarize relevant views of Chinese government and academia on this round of friction. On this basis, we then analyze the essence of Sino-US trade frictions, that is, under the background of profound changes in the global economic layout and international labor division, the United States comprehensively readjusts its foreign policies, while China is at a critical stage of economic restructuring and upgrading, the two largest economies of the world have to face and tackle a series of frictions and collisions between each other. Then we clarify some key concepts including exchange rate manipulation, industrial policy and dumping, especially the significance of these concepts to the Sino-US economic and trade relationships. Finally, we put forward some strategies to deal with the current round of friction.

Key words: Sino-US trade friction, exchange rate manipulation, industrial policy, dumping

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