北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2013, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (6): 33-38.

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

海峡两岸机场法律地位比较研究

王立志   

  1. 中国民航大学 航空法律与政策研究中心, 天津 300300
  • 收稿日期:2013-06-05 出版日期:2013-11-25 发布日期:2013-12-09
  • 作者简介:王立志(1972- ),男,甘肃庆阳人,副教授,博士,研究方向为航空法、海商法.
  • 基金资助:
    天津市人文社科重点研究基地航空法律与政策研究中心开放式基金重点资助项目(HK2012ZD04)

A Comparative Study on Legal Status of Airports on Both Sides of the Straits

Wang Lizhi   

  1. Research Base of Air Law and Policy, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China
  • Received:2013-06-05 Online:2013-11-25 Published:2013-12-09

摘要: 海峡两岸业已开展航空直航多年,但两岸航空立法差异明显,严重影响了航空直航的进一步推进。尽管两岸尚未统一,但航空直航却迫使两岸就法律协调问题尽快提出法律对策,以促进两岸航空直航,为解决相关争议提供制度选择。机场的法律地位涉及承运人、旅客及货主权利之保护基础,是两岸航空立法协调的重要内容之一。两岸对机场定义的差异立法反映了立法技术的不同。中国大陆立法将机场看作公共设施,而台湾地区立法未确认其公共基础设施或公益性设施地位。这种功能差异导致两岸机场管理的内在约束与外在强制完全不同,同时导致两岸机场私法地位呈现不同的面貌。

关键词: 海峡两岸直航, 机场法律地位, 机场管理

Abstract: The cross-strait flights have been developing for years. However, there are great discrepancies between the air laws of the mainland and Taiwan, which hinders the development of cross-strait flights. For the purpose of promoting the cross-strait flights, settling down the relevant disputes, we should put forward countermeasures on coordination of the conflicts of air laws of the mainland and Taiwan. The legal status of airport, which plays a vital role in coordinating the legislation on aviation of Two Sides of the Straits, is one of the protection bases of rights and interests of carrier, passenger and owner of cargo. As far as the legal system of airport is concerned, the different definition of airport reflects the discrepancies of legislation technology concerning air law. In the mainland, an airport is defined as a public infrastructure, while in Taiwan an airport is a locus publics/public place?, whose services are rendered by enterprises. The functional difference thus leads to internal and external constraints on airport management,as well as the discrepant legal status from the perspective of private law.

Key words: cross-strait flights, legal status of airports, airport management

中图分类号: