北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 30-43.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0132

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

政治宪法的弹性

凯思·尤因   

  1. 伦敦国王学院 迪克逊·蒲恩法学院, 伦敦 WC2R 2LS
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-31 出版日期:2014-05-25 发布日期:2014-05-28
  • 作者简介:凯思·尤因,男,教授,研究方向为劳动法、宪法改革与社会权利保护,兼任英国雇佣权协会主席和工会权利国际中心副主席,代表作为《自由的篝火——新劳工、人权与法治》《宪法与行政法》等.

Resilience of Political Constitution

Keith Ewing   

  1. The Dickson Poon School of Law, King's College London, London WC2R 2LS, UK
  • Received:2014-03-31 Online:2014-05-25 Published:2014-05-28

摘要:

通过对政治宪法的性质和形式的考察,证明划定其范围和目的的传统方法过于狭窄:政治宪法所关涉之事乃是使政府成为可能并赋予其权力以及限制政府和约束政府。这一概念也被用于描述一组虽然核心但却尚不明确的政治自由——尽管它们经常被湮没并且经常被替换。针对一些学者所说的从政治宪法向法律宪法的迁移来对三种有争议的假设进行考察:第一种假设涉及的是广为流传的,但却是错误的,针对政治宪法的意识形态式理解;第二种假设涉及的是“法律性”抵御来自“政治性”的控制的能力;第三种假设涉及的是法律性在保护政治自由时的有效性。贯穿文章的一个鲜明尝试是用证据来阐明政治宪法在上述情况下富有弹性。

关键词: 政治宪法, 法律宪法, 法律性, 政治性, 《欧洲人权公约》

Abstract:

The first part of this paper examines the nature and form of the political constitution, and argues that traditional approaches to its scope and purpose are too narrow in focus: the political constitution is about enabling and empowering government, as well as containing and constraining it; it is also predicated upon a body of core and indeterminate political freedoms (albeit frequently submerged and often displaced). The second part of the paper examines three contestable assumptions about what some claim to be a move from a political to a legal constitution. The first relates to the widespread (but flawed) ideological understanding of the political constitution; the second relates to the capacity of the "legal" to resist capture by the "political"; and the third relates to the effectiveness of the legal to protect political freedom. An attempt is made throughout unusually to illustrate argument with evidence, in this instance about the resilient political constitution.

Key words: political constitution, legal constitution, legality, political, ECHR

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