北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2014, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 94-98.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2013.0250

• 语言与文学 • 上一篇    下一篇

语言何以是存在的家——海德格尔的存在主义语言观浅论

王遥1, 李景娜2   

  1. 1. 山东理工大学 外国语学院, 山东 淄博 255091;
    2. 上海外国语大学 研究生院, 上海 200083
  • 收稿日期:2013-05-29 出版日期:2014-05-25 发布日期:2014-05-28
  • 作者简介:王遥(1981—),男,山东淄博人,副教授,博士研究生,研究方向为语言哲学.

Language is the Home of Existence:A Tentative Study of Heidegger’s Existentialist View of Language

Wang Yao1, Li Jingna2   

  1. 1. School of Foreign Languages, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255091, China;
    2. Graduate School, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai 200083, China
  • Received:2013-05-29 Online:2014-05-25 Published:2014-05-28

摘要: 海德格尔的存在主义语言观是一种本体论意义上的语言观,他从根本上区分了存在与存在者,把人视为一种特殊意义的存在者,一种语言性的存在,并从人这一特殊存在者出发来追问存在的意义与真理的本质,从而在哲学的层面上对存在和语言之间的关系进行了阐释:语言把客观存在进行划分和结合,而存在又以语言的形式反映出来,因而语言成为人领悟存在的必然途径。海德格尔的存在主义语言观从根本上动摇了建立在对象性思维模式上的西方传统存在观,是对柏拉图以来的西方传统哲学的非理性主义超越,在真正意义上实现了西方哲学的语言学转向。

关键词: 海德格尔, 存在主义语言观, 存在, 此在, 真理, 语言

Abstract: Heidegger's existentialist view of language is ontological. Based on his distinction between existence and existent, Heidegger treats human beings as a special kind of existent, or linguistic existence, from which he further explores the meaning of existence and nature of truth. In this way the relationship between existence and language can thus be explained in a philosophical sense, where language divides and combines different forms of existence, which are simultaneously reflected in language itself, thereby making language a prerequisite for human beings to understand existence. Deeply shaking the western traditional view of existence founded on the objectified thought pattern, Heidegger's existential view of language is an irrationalist transcendence of the western traditional philosophy since the Platonic times, and makes the linguistic turn of western philosophy eventually come true.

Key words: Heidegger, existentialist view of language, existence, dasein, truth, language

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