北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 85-91.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0199

• 法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国信托法的价值基础变迁及启示

赵云   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-06 出版日期:2015-01-25 发布日期:2015-01-24
  • 作者简介:赵云(1986-),男,河北保定人,博士研究生,研究方向为民法、信托法、知识产权法.

Evolution and Inspiration of Value Basis of American Trust Law

Zhao Yun   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2014-05-06 Online:2015-01-25 Published:2015-01-24

摘要:

美国信托法深受英国信托理念的影响,但其在信托法制的发展中形成了独具特色的规范体系与法典化内容。美国在商事信托实践、信托当事人权益的司法平衡和信托管理变革等方面的新发展,使得其价值基础在法律制度的变迁中呈现出一种在财产法与契约法之间,围绕信托当事人权益平衡进行动态协调的状态,为中国解决当前信托制度难题提供了思路。中国的信托实践及创新应当在信托的立法框架内进行,重视信托立法条文、信托法律属性与信托架构的协调发展。

关键词: 价值基础, 信托法, (禁止)挥霍信托, 管理变更理论, 信托保护人

Abstract:

Influenced by the concept of trust in Britain, American Trust Law develops distinctive features in the trust legal system in terms of standardized system and codified content. With the development of commercial trust practice and balance of parties' rights and other aspects of trust management innovation, the evolution of value basis of American trust law has become a dynamic equilibrium process, between the property law and the contract law with the focus on the balance of the parties' rights. It provides an inspiration for China to solve its own existing problems. The trust practice and innovation in China should follow trust legislation, and focus on the coordinated development of the legislative provisions, the legal attributes and the framework of trust.

Key words: value basis, Trust Law, spendthrift trust, administration deviation, trust protector

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