北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 63-70.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0312

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

大学毕业生社会支持与求职行为的关系研究——基于职业决策自我效能、主动性人格和社会资本的作用机制

赵延昇, 周汝   

  1. 中国科学技术大学 管理学院, 安徽 合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2014-06-25 出版日期:2015-09-25 发布日期:2015-09-25
  • 作者简介:赵延昇(1964—),女,安徽寿县人,副教授,硕士,研究方向为人力资源管理与营销管理.

Social Support and Job-search Behavior of College Graduates: Role of Career Decision-making Self-efficacy, Proactive Personality and Social Capital

Zhao Yansheng, Zhou Ru   

  1. School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei Anhui 230026, China
  • Received:2014-06-25 Online:2015-09-25 Published:2015-09-25

摘要:

基于321份大学毕业生样本,探讨了社会支持与求职行为的关系,并将职业决策自我效能引入二者关系之中,构建中介模型,同时创新性地引入主动性人格和社会资本,验证其在该模型中的调节效应。研究表明,职业决策自我效能在社会支持和求职行为间起到部分中介作用;主动性人格对社会支持和职业决策自我效能的关系起负向调节作用,而且在求职过程中,求职者的主动性人格与感知的社会支持发挥相互替代作用;社会资本对职业决策自我效能与求职行为的关系起负向调节作用。由此可知,个体内在的主动性人格与外在的社会资本均在求职过程中发挥重要作用,大学生应内外兼修。该研究对大学生求职具有一定指导意义。

关键词: 求职行为, 社会支持, 职业决策自我效能, 主动性人格, 社会资本

Abstract:

Based on 321 samples from college graduates, this paper investigates the relationship between social support and job-search behavior. Career decision-making self-efficacy(CDMSE) is introduced to construct a mediation model. In addition, the study also creatively introduces proactive personality and social capital to verify their moderating effects in this model. Results show that the relationship between social support and job-search behavior is partially intermediated by CDMSE. This study also indicates that high proactive personality weakens the association between social support and CDMSE. Besides, one's proactive personality and perceived social support play alternative role in the job search process. What's more, social capital is found to play a negative moderating role on the relationship between CDMSE and job search behavior. With the strengthening of social capital, the impact CDMSE has on job search behavior gradually weakens. According to the results, it is concluded that the individual internal proactive personality and external social capital play important roles in the process of job search, and it is reminded that college students should develop themselves comprehensively which has a certain guiding significance for them.

Key words: job-search behavior, social support, career decision-making self-efficacy, proactive personality, social capital

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