北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 36-41.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0394

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

机票“超售”之法律责任辨析

贺栩栩   

  1. 华东政法大学 科学研究院, 上海 200042
  • 收稿日期:2015-08-11 出版日期:2016-01-25 发布日期:2016-01-21
  • 作者简介:贺栩栩(1982—),女,浙江杭州人,助理研究员,博士,研究方向为民商法.
  • 基金资助:

    2014年国家社会科学基金青年项目(14CFX040);2013年度教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金资助项目(13YJC820032);中国法学会青年自选项目(CLS(2014)D054);2015年华东政法大学校级课题(15HZK005)

Analysis of the Legal Liability of Overbooking Flights

HE Xuxu   

  1. Institute of Sciences, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 200042, China
  • Received:2015-08-11 Online:2016-01-25 Published:2016-01-21

摘要:

航空公司是否就"超售"情事向消费者履行提示与说明义务,从而决定航空公司的格式条款能否有效成为合同组成部分;告知义务的违反是否构成欺诈从而消费者可主张惩罚性赔偿;航班运输合同项下违约责任的承担与《民用航空法》规定的"承运人已经采取一切必要措施或者不可能采取此种措施无法避免的风险"所造成的责任免责的关系问题,是航空运输业与司法实践中争议较大的问题。通过分析现行法中的请求权基础,阐述不同合同义务违反类型下的权利救济,主张"超售特别补偿机制"作为最低标准,补偿机制衔接违约责任。

关键词: 超售, 迟延, 给付不能, 损害赔偿, 《民用航空法》

Abstract:

Whether airlines fulfill their information disclosure obligation related to overbooking determines the effectiveness of standard clauses. The most controversial issues in air transport industry and judicial practice include whether breach of the duty of disclosure would constitute fraud so that consumers can claim punitive damages and what is the relationship between liability for breach of contract and liability waiver in Civil Aviation Law. Based on the existing law claims according to different types of contractual obligations breach, the paper analyzes the remedies for passengers and proposes the establishment of a special compensation mechanism for overbooking as a minimum standard, which covers the contractual liability.

Key words: overbooking, flight delay, impossibility of performance, damages, Civil Aviation Law

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