北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 61-67.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0430

• 法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然法的自我消解——以霍布斯的自然法思想为视角

何俊毅   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 法学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-09 出版日期:2016-05-25 发布日期:2016-05-26
  • 作者简介:何俊毅(1989-),男,甘肃兰州人,博士研究生,研究方向为法理学、法哲学.

Self-effacing of Natural Law: From the Perspective of Hobbes' Natural Law

HE Junyi   

  1. Law School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2014-09-09 Online:2016-05-25 Published:2016-05-26

摘要:

自然法理论在应对法律实证主义的挑战之前,就已经不可避免地遭遇了一场深重的内在危机,并且为法律实证主义的兴起奠定了基础。在古希腊至近代自然观衍变的视域下,通过对霍布斯思想体系中"自然"和"理性"两个核心概念的深入分析,以及对《利维坦》中宗教论证部分的重新梳理,揭示了霍布斯对传统自然法理论基石的颠覆性打击,从而清晰地展现了自然法自我消解的内在理路。以此为据,进而确立了霍布斯作为法律实证主义思潮之理论先驱的地位。

关键词: 霍布斯, 自然法, 实定法, 法律实证主义, 主权者, 自然观

Abstract:

The theory of natural law has suffered a serious inner crisis before the attack from legal positivism. It lays the foundation for the rise of legal positivism. This paper attempts to explore the inner logic of the theory of natural law with an analysis of the "nature" and "reason" of Hobbes' ideology from the perspective of evolution of ideas on nature from the ancient Greek to modern times. It also analyzes the argument of religion in Leviathan, revealing the disruptive strike against the basis of traditional theory of natural law. Accordingly it establishes Hobbes' status as the theory pioneer of legal positivism.

Key words: Hobbes, natural law, positive law, legal positivism, sovereign, ideas on nature

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