北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 28-36.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0146

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

欧盟航空承运人责任制度研究——以与国际公约的继受与竞合为中心

刘路   

  1. 中国社会科学院 研究生院, 北京 102488
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-16 出版日期:2016-07-25 发布日期:2016-07-20
  • 作者简介:刘路(1987-),男,四川泸州人,博士研究生,研究方向为民商法、欧盟法.

On Air Carriers' Liability under European Union Law: From the Perspective of Inheritance and Competition with Montreal Convention

LIU Lu   

  1. Graduate School, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 102488, China
  • Received:2015-03-16 Online:2016-07-25 Published:2016-07-20

摘要:

随着“欧盟市民权”概念的提出,欧盟开始加强对辖区内公民的基本经济权利的保护。而具体到航空运输领域,欧盟则是通过制定条例的方式来进一步保障消费者的权益能够在司法实践中得到保障。这些条例涵盖航空保险、意外事件中的人身损害赔偿以及航班延迟取消时的补偿机制等诸多方面,体现了航空承运人制度理论研究与实践发展的最新成果。由于欧盟自身体制上的特殊性,上述内部规范条例实际上涉及与航空领域的国际公约的协调与竞合问题,从相关立法及欧盟法院的判决这双重角度对该争议话题予以分析,并认定欧盟在承认公约中诸多规则之余也存在实质违背公约精神的情况。这种对既有国际通行规则的继承与突破,在提高消费者保障水平的同时,也加重了航空承运人的运营负担,因而需要欧盟法院在司法实践中为其提供更多的合法性依据论证。

关键词: 航空承运人, 欧盟法, 《蒙特利尔公约》, 航空保险, 航空意外, 航班延迟

Abstract:

With the rise of the idea of "European citizenship", the EU begins to strengthen the protection of citizens' basic economic rights under its jurisdiction. Specifically in the area of air transportation, the EU relies on publishing regulations to further safeguard consumers' rights in judicial practices. Those regulations contain aviation insurance, compensation for personal injury in aviation accidents and compensation for flights cancellation and delay. These regulations indeed reflect the latest developments on research and practice. Due to the particularity of the EU system, the above regulations actually trigger coordination and competition with international conventions in the field of aviation. This dissertation analyzes this issue from the perspective of EU legislation and EU court's judgments. It discovers that the EU fulfills some obligations in the convention on one hand, while substantially breaches other regulations on the other hand. Such inheritance and breakthrough of the international prevailing rules indeed improve the consumers' protection level but also greatly add burden to the air carrier. Therefore, the EU courts have to provide more legitimacy basis for these regulations during judicial practice.

Key words: air carrier, European Union Law, Montreal Treaty, aviation insurance, aviation insurance, flight delay

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