北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 45-54.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0144

• 法学论坛 • 上一篇    下一篇

基层农户的公平观——基于浙江省2000户农户的实证解读

何跃军   

  1. 宁波大学 法学院, 浙江 宁波 315211
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-12 出版日期:2016-09-25 发布日期:2016-08-23
  • 作者简介:何跃军(1983-),男,福建泉州人,副教授,博士,研究方向为法律社会学.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金青年项目(13CFX032);浙江省哲学社会科学规划一般项目(12JCFX01YB)

On Fairness View of Grass Root Farmers: An Empirical Interpretation of 2 000 Peasant Households in Zhejiang Province

HE Yuejun   

  1. Law school, Ningbo University, Ningbo Zhejiang 315211, China
  • Received:2015-03-12 Online:2016-09-25 Published:2016-08-23

摘要:

公平是农户在土地维权中采取维权行动的正当理由,关于农村的顶层设计与制度安排必须认真考虑农户的公平观才能实现制度效用。农户之所以强调公平,根本原因在于土地资源的稀缺性及其所产生的巨大利益。农户公平观内容可以分为实质公平观和程序公平观。实质公平观是一种实用主义的公平观,注重结果公平,这种公平观反对特权分配,支持合理差异分配。程序公平观是一种理想化的公平观,也是工具化的公平观,其目的在于实现实质公平,更注重事前参与和监督的公平,而不是事后弥补和救济的公平。实践中出现农户以程序公平观为基础创造有助于实现实质公平的程序制度,但这一制度创造必须注重各主体的博弈以及制度的实现形式,才能提升制度实效,从而提升农户的公平“获得感”。

关键词: 土地维权, 公平, 资源稀缺理论, 正义理论, 浙江省

Abstract:

Fairness is an appropriate reason for the farmer's action in protecting his rural land rights. Why fairness is so important to the farmers? How to understand the farmers' view of fairness? Taking typical farmers' expression as an example, the paper analyzes the first question from the theory of scarcity and the second from the theory of justice. The systems created by the farmers are applied to illustrate how to realize the farmers' fairness. It is helpful to maintain the rural land rights and achieve social stability in the countryside.

Key words: maintenance of rural land rights, fairness, theory of scarcity, theory of justice, Zhejiang Province

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