北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (1): 95-101.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0120

• 经济与管理 • 上一篇    下一篇

就业匹配:界定、测量、影响因素与绩效

代懋1, 杨伟国2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 中国人民大学 劳动人事学院, 北京 100872
  • 收稿日期:2015-03-05 出版日期:2017-01-25 发布日期:2017-01-16
  • 作者简介:代懋(1984-),女,湖北荆州人,副教授,博士,研究方向为劳动与雇佣法经济学.

Employment Matching: Definition, Measurement, Influencing Factors and Performance

DAI Mao1, YANG Weiguo2   

  1. 1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2015-03-05 Online:2017-01-25 Published:2017-01-16

摘要:

就业匹配有三种界定方法,分别是横向和纵向、表面和实际及短期和长期匹配。就业匹配的测量方法包括自评估法、岗位分析法和统计测量法,三种方法各有利弊,综合使用在各类研究中。就业匹配的影响因素主要从个人人口统计特征、雇主倾向和岗位特征、教育体系以及劳动力市场状况四个角度进行梳理。对就业不匹配与工资、工作满意度、员工流动率及在职培训参与率等因素之间关系的考察发现,就业不匹配对劳动力市场产生了负面影响。

关键词: 就业匹配, 就业匹配测量, 学历匹配, 专业匹配, 能力匹配

Abstract:

There are three ways to define employment matching:horizontal & vertical matching, superficial & actual matching, and short-term & long-term matching. This paper discusses three different measurements of employment matching:self-assessment, post analysis and statistical measurement. These three kinds of measurements each has advantages and disadvantages and they are used in combination in all kinds of researches. Then, this paper reviews the influencing factors of employment matching:individual demographic characteristics, employers' preference and post characteristics, education system and labor market conditions. Through analysis and investigation of the relations between employment mismatch and factors including wages, job satisfaction, employee turnover rate, participation rate of on-the-job training, this paper finds out that employment mismatch has a negative effect on labor market.

Key words: employment matching, employment matching measurement, education-job matching, major-job matching, capability-job matching

中图分类号: