北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (3): 9-16,54.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2017.0024

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

人大代表民意回应度的计算机辅助测量

严行健   

  1. 华东政法大学 政治学研究院, 上海 201620
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-05 出版日期:2017-05-25 发布日期:2017-05-27
  • 作者简介:严行健(1986-),男,江西南昌人,助理研究员,博士,研究方向为人民代表大会及各国立法机构.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金青年项目(15C22009);华东政法大学"华与罗世界文明与比较政治研究项目"(HDZ005)

Evaluation of People's Congress Deputy-voter Contact: An Automated Content Analysis

YAN Xingjian   

  1. Political Science Institute, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 201620, China
  • Received:2017-02-05 Online:2017-05-25 Published:2017-05-27

摘要:

鉴于直接访谈成本较高,代表议案建议文本是评估人大代表回应民意质量的有效替代途径。基于词分法的自动内容分析技术解决了该领域传统人工评估法面临的效率瓶颈,可以实现对大量案例的快速评估。通过增加词分词数量等方法,该技术的评估准确度还可以进一步提升。运用该方法的案例研究发现,市级人大代表对民意能够做出较为积极的回应。虽然其回应度高于先前对于省级人大及全国人大的同类研究结论,但代表与民众的接触和互动仍有待加强。

关键词: 人民代表大会, 代表履职, 内容分析, 词分法, 回应民意

Abstract:

The article applies the "word score" method of automated content analysis to the study of the ‘deputy proposals’ submitted by N city People's Congress (PC) deputies. The aim is to evaluate the quality of deputy-voter contact. The data illustrates that local PC deputies actively responded to local people's opinions and demands; however, a lack of direct contact is also witnessed. Eventually, the study testifies the methodological availability in the study of PC related texts. The automated content analysis has massive advantages in reducing time and material costs, offering a brilliant chance for PC researchers to create a national wide database of deputy-voter contact.

Key words: People's Congress, deputy performance, content analysis, word score, deputy responsiveness

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