JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF AERONAUTICS AND A ›› 2017, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (6): 63-68.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0478

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Counter-Memory in Toni Morrison's Home

HU Jun   

  1. School of English of Faculty of Foreign Languages, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-09-30 Online:2017-11-25 Published:2017-11-23

Abstract:

Toni Morrison in her latest novel Home presents the memory about America in 1950s, which can be regarded as the "counter-memory" in opposition to the "official memory" about this period. According to the official history, people then lived in their own homes, enjoying peace and comfort, but the "counter-memory" provided by Toni Morrison reveals that to African Americans, both the memory about "home" and their growth is traumatized. They were excluded from the "American Dream", living in the despair of homelessness, even unable to control their own body, which was much abused and trampled upon. However, this "counter-memory" about 1950s in America is not only about gloominess for African Americans, whose optimism and perseverance enable them to survive such hardship. To Morrison, it is very important to fight for the rights in the field of memory, which is related to whether African Americans can be remembered or forgotten in American history.

Key words: Home, homelessness, redemption, counter-memory, Toni Morrison

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