JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF AERONAUTICS AND A ›› 2016, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 20-25.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0485

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Challenges Related to Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities and Their Solutions

YIN Yuhai, YAN Yongliang   

  1. Law school, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen Guangdong 518060, China
  • Received:2015-10-08 Online:2016-03-25 Published:2016-03-28

Abstract:

Since long-term sustainability of outer space activities is an extension concept of sustainable development in the field of outer space law, there are not only some connections but also a few differences between them. According to the juridical status of the principle of sustainable development, the principle of long-term sustainability of outer space activities should be an important principle in the law of outer space, and contains the following aspects: inter-generation fair; within-generation fair; long-term sustainable use, integration between environment and activities in the outer space. In the case of the existing outer environment worsening, emphasizing and practicing principle of long-term sustainability of outer space activities has important practical significance.Now the challenges related to the long-term sustainability of outer space activities include the issues of space debris; the increasing decrease in geostationary orbit resources; space pollution. The international community is working on the guidelines of the long-term sustainability of outer space activity guidelines which plays a key role in solving the above problems. More importantly, the principle of long-term sustainability of outer space activities should be put into the Outer Space Treaty or developed to be a generally accepted rule of customary international law so that it can play the role of legal norms.

Key words: long-term sustainability of outer space activities, space debris, geostationary orbit, space pollution, Outer Space Treaty, Customary International Law

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