2021, Vol. 34 No.5
Publication date: 25 September 2021
In the Introduction to critique of Hegel's philosophy of law (Introduction for short). Marx exposes and criticizes "religion" and "speculative philosophy" as targets. Although there are no "ideology" terms, Introduction contains the basic principle of Marxist ideology:the inverted world produces the inverted world consciousness; practice is the most thorough revolutionary form; theoretical liberation is of special practical significance; it is urgent to expose the domination of capital over individuals. These basic principles of ideology show that Marx's ideology in this period has reached a historical height.
As one of the basic strategies of socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, the socialist core value system contains powerful and deep ideological power. To fully build a modern socialist country, lead major changes unseen in the world in a century, and advance the overall strategy for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we need to use this ideological force to enhance the cohesion, leadership, and appeal of socialist ideology. We should uphold and develop Marxism, inspire the "power of thought", cultivate and construct Chinese spirit and Chinese value, develop the "spiritual power" and promote the sense of "rising from the east and descending from the west", while highlighting the "power of civilization" so that the people have faith, the country has strength, the nation has hope, and the world gets the right path.
Since the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, Chinese society has undergone the first 30-year and the second 30-year development and changes, and are now striding forward on the journey of the new era. The state mainly pursued the revolutionary values of "ideal society construction" in the first 30-year and the utilitarian values of "priority to economic development" in the second 30-year, and is now pursuing the socialist core values of "living a better life" in the new era. In the 70 years after 1949, the evolution of social values is a history from affirmation to negation, and then to negation, which coincides with the theoretical logic of dialectical negation in Marxist philosophy. Analysis in terms of this coincidence between evolution of social values and theoretical logic not only helps to understand and grasp the social development and changes in PRC in the past 70 years, but also clarifies scientifically the necessity of cultivating and promoting socialist core values in the new era.
The end of the Second World War is a defining moment to distinguish globality from globalization. The universal value, which is dominated by western civilization, was born in the course of globalization. The common values of human being, which are originated in the era of globality, represent the values of the majority of the people in the world. The common values of human being mean not only abandonment of the formation of globalization and transcendence of the leading values of globalization, but also promotion of the principle of global governance. With the help of the notion of "a human community with a shared future" and the construction platform of "the Belt and Road", the common values of human being will push forward globality into a new era.
The COVID-19 epidemic has not only tested the great power of social governance in China, but also exposed some deficiencies in the allocation of emergency resources in China. This paper divides social rescue resources into three classes:relief supplies and logistics system, aid workers, and information resources and information sharing platforms. After an analysis of the practical problems arising from this outbreak, four strategies for improving rescue resource coordination in major public health emergencies are proposed. The first is to establish a national emergency relief supply system, the second is to build an emergency command and scheduling center and decision-making mechanism, the third is to develop a multi-agent collaborative mechanism for allocation of rescue resources, and the last one is to set up a public health emergency data information platform.
The new normal of economic development not only increases the pain of enterprise transformation, but also brings about the dynamic imbalance of government safety supervision. This leads to low efficiency of supervision and frequent occurrence of major accidents, affecting social stability and government credibility. This study gives a case study of the regulatory failure of Xiangshui "3·21" chemical explosion accident in Jiangsu province. Based on the assumption of rational behavior, using the evolutionary game model and the interest analysis method, a multi-dimensional dynamic analysis is conducted on the value choice and game tactics faced by the government and enterprises from the introduction stage to the operation and development stage and then to the post-accident stage of an investment project. The research finds that in the new normal, enterprises are faced with the dilemma of rising costs and declining benefits. Targeted towards profits, enterprises tend to speculate in pursuit of excess returns in the lax supervision of regulatory authorities, so they will choose negative tactics to avoid supervision. Due to multiple interests consideration, local governments will maintain the bottom-line frequency and intensity of supervision, and take the strategy of lax supervision, which leads to a mere formality of supervision in the dynamic game process. Therefore, the government should base its game strategies for safety regulation on reconstruction of cost-benefit balance.
This paper analyzes the influences of trade conflict and the innovation space on the upgrade of the semiconductor industry. According to the theory of the national innovation space, using the 1995—2018 World Bank and Atlas databases, the methods of stepwise regression and grouping test are used to set up an analysis framework for the impact of the innovation space on the semiconductor industry in 199 economies around the world. The results show that trade conflict promotes the increase in semiconductor exports, and education, tax policies, national development levels, and Asian countries have a positive effect on semiconductor exports and industrial upgrade indicators; however, the influences of urbanization, carbon emission reduction, financial market, government efficiency and living environment are heterogeneous. A further analysis of the different results of Asian countries show that compared with other economies, the average change in economic complexity index of Asian countries in the environment of trade conflict is 0.051 69, and the interactive effects of trade conflict and innovation space factors are significantly positive. To jointly promote industrial upgrade of Asian semiconductors, the governments should promote sustainable economic development by increasing investment to innovative space elements.
Under the background of experience economy, how to improve customer loyalty through customer experience is an important issue that enterprises pay attention to. Based on the planned behavior theory, this paper divides customer experience into five forms:sensory experience, emotional experience, thinking experience, action experience and revelance experience. The double mediating variables of perceived gain and perceived loss are introduced to explore the influence of various experience forms on customer loyalty. Through questionnaire survey, data are collected from smartphone consumers, and various analytical methods such as verification analysis, correlation analysis and regression analysis are used to verify the hypothesis. The results show that customer experience of smartphones has a significant positive impact on customer loyalty, and perceived gain and perceived loss play a part in mediating the relationship between customer experience and customer loyalty. Different forms of customer experience have different degrees of influence on customer loyalty, among which action experience and revelance experience have significant positive influence on customer loyalty, while sensory experience, emotional experience and thinking experience have no significant influence on customer loyalty. Perceived gain plays a complete mediating role between action experience and customer loyalty, and plays a partial mediating role between related experience and customer loyalty, but plays no mediating role between sensory experience, emotional experience, thinking experience and customer loyalty. Perceived loss plays a partial mediating role between action experience and customer loyalty, but plays no mediating role between sensory experience, emotional experience, thinking experience, relational experience and customer loyalty. Some suggestions are then put forward for management practice.
In case of international air crash damage occurred during the operation of the leased aircraft, an injured claimant may seek liability of the aircraft lessor for air crash damages on the grounds of convenience in litigation or for higher punitive damages, or for fruitless claims against the air carrier. The 1929 Warsaw Convention and the 1999 Montreal Convention do not exclude the liability of any other subject except the air carrier and the five jurisdictions of the international air crash damages litigation, leaving space and path for the victim to claim the lessor operating the aircraft. The ambiguity of the definition of aircraft owner in the 1952 Rome Convention makes it highly likely that the lessor of wet or dry leased aircraft will be "deemed" or "presumed" to be an air operator and be subject to claims. In the practice of aviation litigation, there are many difficulties and obstacles in the recourse against aircraft lessor to assume the liability for damages caused by international air crash, such as the secrecy of the object of recourse, the differences in legislation of various countries, and the recourse to exclude liability under relevant international aviation convention. Although it is not easy to claim in the practice of aviation legislation and judicial precedents, the liability for air crash damages of aircraft lessor already existed, and the basis of the claimant's right of recourse is often manifested as the negligent entrustment liability, product liability or vicarious liability. Therefore, the aircraft lessor must attach great importance to the risk of liability for air crash. Effective precautions can be taken by perfecting the liability clause of the lease agreement, the liability insurance clause, the airworthiness liability allocation clause, and by strengthening the monitoring of the operation of the leased aircraft.
Related to passengers' rights and interests, the priority boarding rule may be used directly to deny boarding to passengers when a flight is oversold. Not adjusted by special laws, this rule is made by airlines themselves, and thus, there are some problems such as improper notice and unfair content. In practice, priority boarding rules are roughly divided into "first come, first served" and "comprehensive measurement" rules. The application of priority boarding rules in flight overbooking and rejection should draw lessons from foreign experience to bridge the basic theoretical gaps at the legal level, and specify its specific contents and notification obligations in the regulations.
Learning how to learn is considered not only as necessary part of the talent's qualities for lifelong learning, but also the essential guarantee for improving learning efficiency. Questionnaires were applied to study 1 344 undergraduate students at Beihang University, and initial conclusions can be summarized as follows:college students show good performance as a whole in out-of-class autonomous learning, especially in choosing learning strategies, but need to improve abilities in setting learning goals and plans; girls have better abilities in setting learning goals and plans than boys;different grades have significant differences in autonomous learning abilities and the 6 main factors of autonomous learning; sex, grade and subject have no significant interaction with each other. Therefore, cultivation and instruction on the goals-setting and metacognitive strategies should be strengthened in order to improve the autonomous learning abilities for college students and to promote the talent training quality.
As an important part of college students, the behavior of needy students shows particular characteristics. This paper analyzes the situation of poor students in natural attributes, emotional expression, cognitive level, willingness to act, self-evaluation and academic performance. Besides aid policies, the accurate and in-depth development and support strategies devised according to needy students' characteristics, is conducive to promoting their comprehensive quality.
It has become an international consensus for the international engineering education community to strengthen the awareness and ability of engineering undergraduates in providing services for sustainability in their future careers. Based on the social cognitive career theory, this study employs the data from the engineering education and sustainable development survey and examines the influencing factors of sustainability-related career expectations. The results indicate that both curricular and co-curricular experiences have positive direct impacts on sustainability-related career expectations, and career self-efficacy plays a part-mediating role in this process. Moreover, gender moderates several paths between the variables. The results of the study shed light on the design of related curricular and co-curricular practice, and the promotion of students' positive psychological states and the diversification of engineering education.
Based on the practical problems of college students' employment, this paper attempts to explore the influence of college students' career planning education on the career stability of newly employed college students. By employing the survey data of Mycos, and according to the Probit model and Logit panel model analysis, the empirical results show that:college students' career planning effectively enhances the career stability of newly employed college students, significantly reduces the turnover behavior of newly employed college students, and shows certain heterogeneity in its impact effect. The conclusion shows that colleges and universities should constantly strengthen the intensity of career planning education, improve the accuracy of career planning education, and lay a good foundation for students' future career development.
The essence of education has been debated for decades. However, the arguments are inseparable from the concept that education is the social practice of consciously cultivating people. The nature of education is, to a certain extent, the nature of human; therefore, the evolution of Hominology thoughts is the basis for the evolution of educational thinking. When exploring the essence of education, we should dialectically grasp the dynamic evolution of the entire history, rather than fall into the static quagmire of one or more educational thoughts. The question is not whether the ultimate answer to the nature of education exists, but rather the question itself and its own process. From the essence of education, there is no absolute good or bad education. The key is to understand education in the arguments of thousands of years of different educational thoughts. Meanwhile, we should return to reality and integrate thinking, and make educational practices consistent with the philosophical thinking of the epoch.
The core of modern university governance should be people oriented and should realize the continuous stimulation of talents' enthusiasm through institutionalized and systematic management. High quality management service can escort the development of talents training and scientific research. This paper examined the influence of job autonomy on organizational citizenship behavior of the administrative staff in higher education institutions, and considered the mediating role of felt obligation and the moderating effect of collectivistic orientation through a questionnaire survey of 416 administrative staff in higher education institutions. We found that after controlling variables for gender, age, education level and working position, job autonomy had a positive influence on organizational citizenship behavior, and felt obligation played a positive mediating role. Collectivistic orientation had a positive moderating effect on the relationship between felt obligation and organizational citizenship behavior.
Multiple streams model is an effective analytical tool in the field of public policy and a classical model to reveal the black box of the policy process. By using the framework, this paper shows the dynamic process of the innovation policy making in China. There findings are as follows:the problem stream, the realistic predicament the state, the industry, universities and research institutes faced leads to many solutions and forms the policy stemming from the government officials, university managers, technology demanders and researchers. When the two streams confluence, the political stream, that is the concern of the Party and the state and public pressure, goes with both. At the key point, the central government puts forward the establishment of the industry-university-research collaborative innovation mechanism clearly, which opens the policy window, and then implements the policy nationwide. This paper suggests that the government should improve the policy in terms of these streams and the policy window to further promote the national innovation system.
The cases of Maotai and Wuliangye vertical price monopoly, a hot topic for a while, were very different from general enterprises vertical price monopoly cases in terms of referee art happened in the same year. Moreover, the applicability of anti-monopoly legislation to regulate state-owned enterprises' related behavior is still uncertain. In practice, the state-owned enterprises are divided into competitive and public welfare state-owned enterprises, and the former are once again divided into innate competitive and acquired competitive state-owned enterprises. there will be some particularity for the acquired competitive state-owned enterprises during the transition period of state-owned enterprise reform, if we take it for granted that the current legislation is applicable to the regulation of state-owned enterprises as a prerequisite; and it will not be appropriate if we adopt the exemption system of the current legislation to determine competitive state-owned enterprises' vertical price limit behavior. To improve the legislation of the relevant exemption system, firstly, we should supplement the pre-examination system and apply the specific exemption legislation model. In addition, we should further improve the exemption entity provisions of the competitive state-owned enterprises vertical price monopoly agreement and supplement the procedural legislation.