2021, Vol. 34 No.3
Publication date: 25 May 2021
The stimulation and cultivation of moral emotion are necessary to deepen moral education and guidance. Based on the laws of acquiring moral norms, this paper illustrates the important influence of moral emotion during moral education, and clarifies the principles of its cultivation in the new era, such as being aware of the integrity of morality, adhering to the leading direction, respecting the cultural continuity and meeting the requirement of the new era. Furthermore, some accesses to the education of moral emotions, i.e., innovation of methods related with the innovation of means, the improvement of technology and the intensification of institutions, are provided to improve the moral education, enhance the degree of social civilization and motivate the development of the causes of our Party and country.
Core socialist values, which are more than the sum of different conceptions, present the integrity in three aspects. On external form, it is embodied in the structure of subject-object relationship of three levels of state, society and citizen-individual; on internal categories, in the order of these conceptions; on methodology, in the practice-oriented principle throughout. On this basis, core socialist values education would be more likely to avoid the traps of one-sidedness, fragmentation and sloganeering, and balance the integrity and openness in core socialist values more properly, both of which would impel the latter to develop along with practice and time.
China's patriotism education is facing the challenge of "two overall situations" in the new era, and the ideological struggle in China is more complicated. To better deal with the challenges, patriotism education must adhere to the unity of patriotism, love of the party and love socialism in the value orientation, as well as a deep analysis of the socialist system and the concept of the Communist Party of China in charge of the people. Meanwhile, we must adhere to the unity of cultural identity and political identity, and pay more attention to political identity and system on the basis of building a cultural community of "Chinese nation". The education of identity must be consistent with the interests of our country and the fate of mankind, isolating ourselves from the narrow sense of nationalism. In practice, we should follow the life logic of patriotism education, enhance the cultural confidence of the educated, and do a good job in the innovation of discourse system.
The forming of data sovereignty is the inevitable result of cyber sovereignty extending to the data layer. It reflects the interests of national sovereignty, but with different ways of expression which may profoundly affect the efficiency and cost of data cross-border flows. Since the outbreak of many cybersecurity incidents such as the "Prism Gate", to maintain the national security, strengthen the protection of personal information, and promote the development of the digital economy, governments around the world have taken measures to regulate the cross-border flows of data, which has enacted the US "CLOUD Act" and other institutional designs to extend traditional jurisdiction to cyberspace. These changes have profoundly challenged the order of cyberspace, and emerging market countries, such as India, who have responded via data localization measures. Since data security belongs to the category of non-traditional security. China should insist on the security of data flow, improve unified legislation on data cross-border flow, actively initiate international cooperation in term of international governance of data flow, manage to integrate into the process of data globalization in a more constructive manner.
Public data consists of data resources generated by and collected by public institutions in the process of performing their duties, and have become a key production factor with the potential of disruptive innovation. As the controller, user and main supervisor of public data, the state has the responsibility to realize the value of public data. To manage and protect public data, the state can naturally extend the responsibility clause of the Constitution of China for the protection of public resources, and can also extend the "management-regulation" power of public resources. Therefore, the state can manage the public data resources under its system internally and exercise its regulatory power externally after the public data resources are open and shared. By regulating public data, the state can enable people to participate in the management of public data, and form a mode of public data for collaboration and broader participation, with the goal of benefiting all.
Based on a laboratory experiment, this paper studies the influence of social capital on corruption. We measure social capital through trust level and introduce moral costs and group differences to explore the mechanism of suppressing corruption. The experiment includes two parts:trust trigger and bribery game. The experiment of trust trigger is used for triggering different trust level, and the experiment of bribery game is used for measuring the extent of corruption. Implemented by negative externality and grouping respectively, we introduce moral cost and group difference into bribery game. Results show that the increasing of trust level could deepen the extent of corruption. The effect of moral cost and group difference in deterring corruption is significant under low trust level; however, the deterrence of moral cost and group difference is offset by high trust level. Furthermore, grouping is more effective for deterring firm's corrupt behavior, and negative externality is more effective for deterring official's corrupt behavior.
To analyze the mechanism of corruption and explore the path of anti-corruption is an important part of national governance. Yet, the existing literature lacks a strong explanation for the multiple concurrent conditions of corruption and anti-corruption. On the basis of PEST framework and combining with the reality of Chinese government governance, this paper uses fs/QCA to analyze the relevant data of 31 provinces in 2016. The results show that:first, corruption is a complex configuration problem, which requires multiple concurrent conditions; second, three types constitute the driving path of regional high corruption:"government market balance" "official plunder" and "market society balance"; third, three types constitute the driving path of regional low-level corruption:"government society coordination" "government leading" and "government officials strengthening"; fourth, corruption governance needs to be undertaken by the multiple actors of "government + market + society", and different areas show different governance paths.
The supervision and restriction of the supervisory committee is an important part of the top-level design of the supervision system reform. The status and role of the supervisory committee and the nature and function of the supervisory power call for strengthening the supervision and control of the supervisory committee and its staff. The effective experience of successful anti-corruption agencies both home and abroad shows that it is necessary to strengthen the supervision and control of anti-corruption institutions. The supervision of the supervisory committee can be internally carried out by means of organizational division, mutual supervision and internal system design, and externally by means of the news and the masses. To restrict the supervisory committee, the internal control system should be established in three aspects:reporting for instructions and approval procedures, collective decision-making and business processes. In dealing with corruption cases and political framework, other state power organs can restrict the supervisory committee.
From the perspective of conflict, this paper analyzes mass incidents of environmental pollution. This paper analyzes and discusses the causes of mass incidents of environmental pollution from three aspects:Resources, interests and information. In two cases, Shaanxi Fengxiang blood lead and Guangdong Maoming PX events, the pollution of the environment of mass incidents happens in two basic paths:one is pollution resource scarcity to conflicts of interest conflict in the direct path, i.e., the direct conflict of interest brought by the environmental pollution; the other is the indirect path from the scarcity of resources to the perceptible conflict of interest through the blocking of information, i.e., the environmental pollution has not yet formed, but there are perceptible conflicts of interest used to explain the interaction mechanism of resources, interests and information in inducing environmental conflicts. The study believes that the prevention of mass incidents of environmental pollution should also take this as a starting point, and focus on the construction and improvement of participation mechanism, consultation mechanism and trust mechanism.
The frequent occurrence of environmental mass incidents has become a key factor affecting social stability. And its Internet public opinion develops rapidly with profound influence. Therefore, it is of great significance to discuss the guidance of Internet public opinion on environmental mass incidents. Through multiple case analysis of 24 typical environmental mass incidents from 2005 to 2017, it is found that Internet public opinion guidance of environmental mass incidents includes seven elements:multiple participants, unobstructed channels of interest expression, active Internet agenda setting, online and offline linkages, timely information disclosure and response, complete Internet public opinion monitoring and early warning, and stable institutional support. The types of environmental mass incidents play a role in the relationship between the guiding elements of Internet public opinion and the results of environmental mass incidents.
Legitimacy is an important issue in political science research. Time order provides a basic reference for the constructive logic of policy legitimacy as well as produces structural constraints in the actual structural process of policy legitimacy. With the expansion of the algorithm governance landscape in the era of artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence algorithm power, as a new form of technical power, has realistic possibilities for breaking the time constraints of policy legitimacy and optimizing policy legitimacy, which forms the time concept compressed, the constraints of time rules deconstructed, and the modes of time strategy reconstructed separately. Entering the era of artificial intelligence, under data empowerment, the power of algorithms even highlights the practical value of the policy legitimacy of its optimization. While making full use of the technical advantages of algorithmic power, we should also carefully avoid the risk of technological offside and promote the deep integration of technological progress, legitimacy and political civilization.
APEC Science and Technology Innovation (STI) cooperation is of great significance to the sustainable and balanced development of economy society in APEC area. Based on the "Advocacy Coalition Framework", this paper maintains that APEC members constitute three kinds of advocacy coalitions with different belief systems, and the coalition conflicts result in tardy progress in APEC STI cooperation. Policy learning is an important way to solve coalition conflicts. Analysis in three aspects of conflict degree, problem analyzability and professional forum shows that the possibility of coalition policy learning in APEC STI cooperation is insufficient. Suggestions including clear policy belief, increasing analyzability, and enhancing communication are proposed to promote coalition policy learning, so as to improve the result of APEC STI cooperation.
Based on the 111 in-depth development policies of civil-military integration promulgated and implemented at the national level from 2013 to 2019, the effectiveness evaluation model is constructed from three dimensions of policy strength, policy objectives and policy measures by using the method of policy text quantification. The results show that the effectiveness of China's civil-military integration in-depth development policy has risen and decreased between 2013 and 2019, and the average policy effectiveness has all the way been at a low level; the national-level civil-military integration in-depth development policy is mainly guided by measures, the control objectives are mainly focused on innovation and technological achievement transformation, open and shared resources; while the regulation and control of personnel training and development, and the construction of industrial parks are more delegated to local governments.
To explore the internal mechanism of environmental pollution on urban-rural income gap, the inter-provincial panel data of China from 2000 to 2018 were used as samples to construct intertemporal economic model and threshold effect through theoretical and empirical analysis. The results show that environmental pollution significantly widens the gap between urban and rural incomes. This conclusion is consistent with the results of the metrological test with COD and SO2 as the main explanatory variables. The negative externality of the negative cumulative effect exists in the urban-rural income gap. When the urban-rural income gap is larger at the beginning of the period, the positive effect of environmental pollution on the urban-rural income gap is stronger with the increase of the threshold range. Nevertheless the impact of public service expenditure, urbanization level and industrial structure upgrading on the urban-rural income gap cannot be ignored.
Resource recycling is a strategic emerging industry with dual characteristics of quasi publicity and immaturity, and has received strong policy support from Chinese government. However, the policy effect mechanism and comprehensive evaluation have not been paid enough attention. This paper constructs a conceptual model of the influence of policies on the performance of resource recycling enterprise by introducing dynamic sustainability and policy sensitivity. To explore the effective mechanism and transmission paths among different variables, an empirical study was carried out by using structural equation model and regulatory regression analysis based on 312 questionnaires from national urban mineral demonstration bases. Results show that the command-control policies have significant negative effect on the performance of resource recycling, but the economic-incentive policies and the encourage-voluntary policies have significant positive effects. The dynamic sustainability plays a full mediating role between the encourage-voluntary policies and resource recycling performance, while the economic-incentive policy plays a partial mediating effect. Policy sensitivity has significant positive moderating effect both between economic-incentive policies and dynamic sustainability, encourage-voluntary policies and dynamic sustainability. These results reveal the process mechanism of different types of policies affecting the performance of resource recycling enterprises, which will provide important decision-making basis for improving the performance of resource recycling in China.
The application of near ground UAV and the development of outer space activities pose many challenges to the construction of aerospace law. However, the current law does not clearly define the specific connotation of the concept of airspace, and the current academic research also confuses the concept of airspace, territorial airspace and air space, which objectively delays the development of aerospace law. Therefore, first of all, we should start from the perspective of the subject of airspace rights by taking the interest demands of the subject of airspace rights as the definition perspective; secondly, we should distinguish the defects of air space theory, the relationship between airspace and territorial airspace, and then clarify the specific connotation of airspace concept.
Low orbit mega-constellations, such as Starlink, have grown rapidly and providing cutting-edge satellite Internet commercial services with government support. Because the use of a large number of precious space frequency and orbital resources increased the environmental risk of space debris and posed a number of serious challenges to space governance, e.g., frequency and orbital resources are owned by few countries, it is impossible for emerging players to fairly explore and utilize low-earth orbit resources. Current rules are insufficient to control the risk of increased space debris and in-orbit collisions. In this paper, from the perspective of a community of shared future for mankind, the problems and impacts caused by the rapid development of mega-constellations were examined, and suggestions for modern space governance were put forward to promote the equitable exploration and utilization of low orbit resources. It is suggested that the applicability of the principle of equitable access to low earth orbit should be discussed, the standards for the end of life of satellites should be widely adopted and the development of space traffic management should be promoted.
Professional degree has become one of the main degree types in China. Professional degree postgraduate education in developed countries such as the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Japan and South Korea has been developing for a long time. Summing up their experience and development trend will provide important reference for the sustainable development of professional degree postgraduate education in China in the future. Therefore, by using the international comparison method, this paper studies the international trend of professional degree postgraduate education, and finds that professional degree postgraduate education has the basic characteristics of increasing cognitive tolerance of professional degree, reasonable structure, continuous expansion of scale, stronger certification culture, deeper integration of production and education, and more standardized setting process. It is proposed that the sustainable development of professional degree postgraduate education in China should expand the scale of professional degree postgraduate education, promote the certification culture, promote the construction of quality assurance system, and pilot the deep integration of production and education training mode which is represented by "modern apprenticeship".
Scientific research team is an important mode of scientific research and personnel training in colleges and universities of China. Based on 44 interviews from Beihang University, and by using the ground theory, this paper analyzed the factors of doctoral students training by scientific research team that had won national science and technology awards through NVivo11 software. The research shows that the cultivation and growth of doctoral students are the result of the combination of scientific research hard practice and team soft culture, outstanding leaders, and academic pursuit. The cultivation of high-quality doctoral students should further integrate practical application problems with individual academic production, team planning and personal development, national responsibility and personal value.
The level of scientific research ability is an important evaluation index and direct reflection of the quality of doctoral students. Taking the doctoral students of humanities and social sciences in "double first-class" construction university as the research object, and on the basis of in-depth interviews, this paper discusses the factors that influence the increment of doctoral students' scientific research ability in humanities and social sciences. The results show that the increment of the scientific research ability of doctoral students in humanities and social sciences is influenced by subjective factors, interactive factors and environmental factors. Therefore, the tripartite efforts of training units, doctoral supervisors and individual doctoral students are required to jointly enhance the scientific research capabilities of doctoral students in humanities and social sciences. The study suggests that training institutions should further improve the relevant training system and actively create a strong academic atmosphere;doctoral supervisors should actively build high-quality teacher-student relationships and promote the effectiveness of communication and interaction; individual doctoral students should enhance the optimal flow experience and cultivate good internal identity recognition.