2021, Vol. 34 No.2
Publication date: 25 February 2021
Improving the social governance community system is proposed during the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC). As an extension of the social governance community, the community plays an important role in implementing the requirement of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee. Based on the Marxist community thought and constructivism theory, this paper combines the community governance case to study the construction and improvement strategy of community under the governance requirements of the new era, from such three dimensions as consensus, action and structure. Our research shows that: community consciousness comes from the recognition, cohesion and guidance of community values, and emphasizes the responsibilities and obligations of community construction; community actions involve the formation of consensus action goals and the efficiency of integration, including community space resource integration and organizational integration; community governance structure is the transformation of the relationship between community subjects from tree-like separation to network-like connection in the process of consensus and action.
The government should pay attention to what peoples concerns. The transformation of old residential areas in cities and towns is an important starting point to promot new urbanization, build people-oriented cities, and create high-quality living spaces for the people in the new era. It is also an important project related to people's livelihood, development and modernization of social governance. Therefore, it is necessary to follow the value orientation of "people-oriented cities serve people"; to conform to the new development stage, new development concept, and new development pattern of the times; to creatively solve the problems of the transformation of old residential areas; to promote the transformation of old residential areas with high-quality and efficiency; and to speed up the construction of a modern governance system of "co-construction, co-governance and sharing".
As an important part of the university's modern governance system and governance capacity, governance of science and technology is the epitome of high-quality and connotative development ability of higher education in the field of technological innovation and governance. Governance of science and technology in the modern era is the fundamental requirement of the new era and new mission for universities to support the national strategy and promote the country's development by innovation. This goverance includes not only the system and mechanism, policies and regulations, support and guarantee system, which are closely linked and coordinated to promote the development of science and technology in universities, but also the comprehensive management ability to enhance the strength and level of scientific and technological innovation by using modern management methods. Under the background of the new era, the framework of university's modern governance of science and technology in modern era can be summed up as the internal logic of "two dimensions, three levels, four modernizations, five fusions and six cores". To promote the efficiency of modern governance of science and technology in universities during the 14th five-year plan period, we should consummate the top-layer design of the science and technology governance system, create an open and inclusive environment for independent innovation, strengthen the effect diffusion of university science and technology governance system and mode, enhance the traction advantage of science and technology independent innovation, promote the coupling of internal and external science and technology governance network mechanism, build a collaborative governance community of scientific and technological innovation, explore and establish university science and technology governance strategic alliance, and finally build a multi-level and multi-span collaborative governance network.
Standard-essential patent issues are highly complex, and the related global patent litigation is becoming increasingly fierce. Taking advantage of the traditional advantages of competition law and a highly effective enforcement mechanism, the European Union has formed an EU path based on competition laws and regulations under the joint exploration of the European Commission, the European Court of Justice and the judicial and anti-monopoly enforcement agencies of member states. By establishing and applying an antitrust defense mechanism in individual cases, the conflict of interest between the patentee and the standard implementer is effectively balanced. In recent years, judicial practice represented by the Unwired Planet v. Huawei cases has reflected the limitations of the EU competition law and regulation path, and requires the EU to respond actively to achieve the balance of interests and the maintenance of fair market competition.
The nature of the information society is generating the personal information legal relationship, information flow is the key to analyzing the legal relationship of personal information, and is also the direct driving force for the personal information legal relationship. The main structure to personal information legal relationship is based on information self-determination, privacy and personality right. Among them, national interests has become a force that cannot be ignored in the structure of personal information legal relationship. The above three models respectively reflect individuals and enterprises, individuals and countries, especially the balance of interests among individuals, enterprises and the country. Due to the survivorship bias reflected by the balance of interests, the structure of the personal information legal relationship which molded by subject field information autonomy theory was reasonable and realistic.
As one of the most significant components of the social system, media is of great importance in communication and coordinating social operation. Due to the increasing complex and multivariate social environment, it is dispensable and vital for the mainstream media of all levels to participate in social governance. Taking six APPs of central, provincial and county level for instance, the research analyses the government, Party affairs and livelihood services to explore the construction and status quo of mainstream media, based on the perspective of structural functionalism. The county level new media steps ahead in social service, media of central level still attaches more attention in information content providing, while the provincial level media has yet found a way to take part in social governance.
With development of short video, the governmental short rideo gradually becomes an important subject of marketing communication. In the context of social media, this study takes the hot event, a Tibetan man called Tamdrin who suddenly became popular, as an example to analyze the multiple interactions among the government, the media and the public during this process. The result shows that the government and the media have cooperated with each other, and communicated with each other from online to offline. Meanwhile, governmental short videos of different level, different fields and different regions, established collaborative communication. Besides, the government and the media made contribution to the development of the public discourse. On the short video platform, a kind of dialogue mechanism and communication strategy based on co-creation and sharing with the participation of the government, the media and the public has formed as well. This study shows that the local governments need to carry out localization expression and maintain normal operation when they use short video to marketing.
This paper selects five top-ranked public security government Tik Tok accounts, such as "SHEN Zhen Traffic Police" "WEN Zhou Traffic Police" "CHAN Cheng Public Security" "SHAN Xi Traffic Police" "TIAN Jin Traffic Police", and focuses on the interaction between the government and the people in the comment area to discuss the discourse practice of public security government Tik Tok,using participatory observation combined with text analysis and discourse analysis. This study finds that the themes of public comments are diverse and friendly, and there are more about "communication" than "government affairs". From the perspective of government, the use of expressions, online language and other elements in its interaction shows the "de-identification" shift. In addition, the focus of public attention in the comments is shifted from the theme of the short video. The government mostly plays the role of responder in the comment, and the awareness of actively setting up issues and the responses to questioned comments are relatively lacking. The paper recommends that public security government Tik Tok should take the multi-sensory advantage of short videos to serve the transmission of information, strengthen the response to questioned comments, and actively set the agenda for comments to build a whole interactive chain.
Public trust and citizen participation are important issues interrelated in the public domain, and their logical relationship is not simply unidirectional linear. Take public trust as the premise of and purpose, this paper aims to explore the citizen participation in public trust within limited border, and how to effectively develop and improve the public trust. Based on the preliminary analysis and adjustment of the connotation of the relation between the two issues, the theoretical framework can be formed. In the theoretical framework, public trust frames the boundaries of limitation, orderliness and effectiveness in civil activities, and proposes the approaches to cultivate public trust in practice, such as the breakthrough of limited information, the cultivation of citizen consciousness, the variety of institutional designs and the access to public interest.
Smart city construction should not only provide "wisdom" to things of the city, but also pay attention to improving the quality of people in the city. At the digital age, the main characteristics of a smart city are that the urban infrastructure is fully intelligent, and deeply connected with the technology of big data, cloud computing, Internet of things and artificial intelligence: urban operation and management are highly intelligent and to a considerable extent re-structured by information technology, the urban economic structure will be upgraded; new forms of business, such as the digital economy, the sharing economy and intelligent manufacturing take up a large proportion; and all kinds of ubiquitous self-service platforms have become the important fulcrum for residents to step into the wisdom stage in their daily life. The construction of smart city requires residents to have the ability to live independently, seek development and serve others and the society by using media information technology. There is a coupling relationship between promoting the construction of smart city and improving residents' media information literacy. Improving residents' media information literacy is conducive to fully releasing the construction vitality of smart city, and the construction of smart city creates a favorable external environment for residents' media information literacy. To promote residents media information literacy under the construction of smart city, functional departments of responsible government should plan and deploy according to apange principle, for relevant education and training, social organizations; enterprises and institutions should provide training, consultation and guidance services according to genus dominant principle; while, resident individuals should actively strengthen the autonomous learning, then play a synergistic effect.
At present, the phenomenon of "involution" is widespread in the practice of grass-roots consultative democracy in China, and its internal generating mechanism is worth exploring. Based on the grounded theory, a detailed study on the practice of deliberative democracy in W city shows that the "involution" of deliberative democracy is mainly manifested in the resistance of the "consultation" mode to the "decision-making consultation" mode. The main reasons for the "internalization" are the "soft constraint" nature of the external system supporting the development of consultative democracy, "behavior alienation" driven by innovation of management bureaucrats, "flexible implementation of street bureaucrats" and "participation indifference" of mass participants. In order to solve the problem of "involution", we should build a "hard constraint" system, strengthen the "performance expectation" of "management bureaucrats", increase the utility expectation of "street bureaucrats", eliminate the space of reverse "flexible implementation", and fully cultivate non-governmental organizations.
From the Sino-Japanese War of 1894—1895, there are three paradigmologies that are based on the background of "Han-view" "China-view" and "Sinophone-view" for the construction and writing method of "Chinese Philosophy (History)" in China. Researchers have studied "Chinese Philosophy (History)" from the three dimensions of "Han-view" "China-view" and "Sinophone-view". From the perspective of "paradigmology", these three views are both different and related. "Han-view" corresponds to "the westernized way" in comparative philosophy, adopted by Xie Wuliang, Hu Shi, and Feng Youlan."China-view" corresponds to "the juxtaposed way", adopted by Zhang Dongsun and Zhang Dainian."Sinophone-view" corresponds to "the sinicized way, which is currently under construction. This paper gives three major prospects for the construction and writing method of "Chinese Philosophy (History)" from the sinophone view.
Whether there is the logic of scientific discovery has always been controversial. In the early development of artificial intelligence (AI), there were limitations in the research of automatic scientific discovery through rule-based and data mining methods, including the need for prior knowledge or only the discovery of empirical laws in specific fields. Through two case studies, it was shown that the recent research based on machine learning can find the concept of science and even a simple theory without prior knowledge. But there are still some problems such as the source of training data, the choice of observation and experiment, the construction of scientific theory and the causal modeling which need interdisciplinary research combination with philosophy of science and history of philosophy.
The coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei has become a major national strategy. To solve such uneven allocation problem of public resources, as medical treatment, has become an inevitable requirement for the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. In recent years, although the inequality of medical resources in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei has gradually narrowed down, there is a huge gap in the equality of health technicians and health expenditure, and a significant gap in the allocation of medical resources between the urban and rural areas of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. The inequality of discourse position, unclear financial responsibility and power, and inadequate planning guarantee are the practical difficulties that hinder the equalization of medical resources in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. To better realize the balanced development of medical resources in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, we should define the roles of the three areas, establish the concept of overall coordination, solve the financial and tax system problems, encourage social forces to run medical services, attach importance to personnel training and exchange, build a hierarchical diagnosis and treatment system, and rely on the construction of information platform to innovate and improve the service level.
Military and civilian integration is a major strategy for the country to coordinate economic construction and national defense construction. In order to promote the development of military and civilian integration, the relevant departments of the state have issued a series of policies and regulations related to military and civilian integration. From the perspective of "stock price change" of listed military industry companies, this paper quantitatively evaluates the effect of military and civilian integration policies at the national level in 24 departments, and makes two innovations in research contents and methods. In terms of research contents, this research takes the period from 2013 to 2019 military and civilian integration depth development of the national policy as "continuous occurrence of similar events", and studies the impact of the event on the short-term stock price performance of 86 military listed industry companies of the 11th national military industry group. The empirical results show that the promulment of military-civilian integration policy has no significant impact on the short-term stock price of listed military companies. In terms of research methods, the event analysis method is used to realize the organic combination of quantitative analysis and qualitative research, and the quantitative evaluation of the militany-civilian integration policy is carried out systematically.
As a key point for accelerating the promotion of new urbanization, characteristic town is regarded as an important measure to promote supply-side structural reform under the new normal of China's economy. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China emphasized that supply-side structural reform should be taken as the main line to promote the quality, efficiency and driving force of economic development, so as to provide new ideas for developing characteristic towns. Songkou ancient town, as the first batch of characteristic towns in the country, has gradually figured out a path suitable for local development by creating characteristic business with the mode of "cultural innovation + tourism". Therefor, to fully examine the basic gaps and practical dilemmas in the construction of Songkou ancient town, and promote the organic integration of production, life, and ecology under the combination of "production, city, people, and culture" is an inevitable measure to return to the root of the supply-side structural reform.
Due to the imperfection of the current liability system of Chinese flight delay, there arouse frequent flight delay disputes. The improvement of this system will be beneficial to all parties. According to the "general reasonable period theory", the definition of "flight delay" in civil law can effectively guide air transport practice and judicial judgment. Carrier's obligation to care and help in EC No.261/2004 is a reasonable accompanying obligation, which can be used as reference to the legal system of flight delay in China. The European Court of Justice has ruled that the carrier compensates passengers for the time lost due to flight delays in order to better protect passengers who are on the weaker side. In China, the promulgation of the Civil Code clears the legal barriers for passengers to obtain time loss compensation, which should be stipulated in the Civil Aviation Law.
The establishment of "just culture" under the civil aircraft accident investigation system aims to achieve a proper balance between safety and accountability, under which civil aviation practitioners are encouraged to report their mistakes without the fear of being punished, so as to create a "safety culture" of free reporting and information sharing, and realize the objective of aircraft accident investigation and promote the aviation safety. This paper first starts with the origin of "just culture" and its application in the investigation of international civil aircraft accidents. Under the Chicago Convention and its Annex 13, State Parties need to apply "just culture" in their own aircraft accident investigation rules. After reviewing the problem of current rules of China's civil aircraft accident investigation, this paper suggests that with the application of "just culture", China's civil aircraft accident rules should preclude the accountability to achieve the objectivity of the investigation; should achieve the independency of investigation procedures through the independency of the investigators; should determine the use of information gathered in accident investigation through the establishment of a "balance test"; and should enact the regulations regarding the use of safety information and the adoption of the investigation final report as evidence in responsibility apportion procedures.
Case method, which can simulate the real situation, solves the problem of the disconnection between the theory and practice of classroom teaching to a certain extent, and is an important means to cultivate the professional ability of professional degree graduate students. Since the introduction of case method, researchers in different disciplines have deconstructed and analyzed different aspects of case method. By using the method of literature analysis, this paper systematically analyses the origin, development and communication of case method, the comparison between case method and traditional teaching, and the important organizational form of case method. On this basis, the following understandings are proposed: according to the origin of different opinions, it is further clarified that Harvard Law School is the birthplace of modern case method in the United States; the evaluation of traditional teaching needs to be specifically differentiated in combination with the application orientation of professional degree graduate education, which cannot be generalized; Harvard case method needs to be localized and adjusted based on China's national conditions,and visiting case method should be optimized from the aspects of instructor, visiting case, visiting reception unit and support of departments.
Facing the complex international and domestic situation, and the demand for training diversified and innovative outstanding engineering and technological talents, full-time professional master education is about to enter a period of rapid development. It will also play a more and more important role in the process of cultivating national talents. Taking mechanical engineering of Beihang University as an example, this paper analyzes the enrollment of full-time professional masters in mechanical engineering, the quality of students, the current status of training and the characteristics of the training system. Use methods based on data analysis and intervies, finds the existing problems, such as the disconnection between training program and curriculum setting and social demand, the lack of specialized practice base and corresponding talent training mechanism, the lack of the role of the dual tutor system, and the lack of engineering consciousness and engineering practice ability. Guided by social needs, this paper puts forward the following suggestions: we should adjust professional talent training positioning, strive for government and corporate support, strengthen the construction of practice bases on campus and off-campus, set up special management institutions, give full play to the role of double mentor, systematically cultivate engineering consciousness and improve engineering practice ability, promote the reform of the full-time professional master's training model for machinery as scheduled, and promote the convergence of the training of machinery professionals with the demands of industry.