2021, Vol. 34 No.4
Publication date: 25 July 2021
To introduce Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into college textbooks, classroom teaching and students' minds, we need to apply theoretical research to teaching practice with accurate, diversified and in-depth promotion. To solve the problems of the continuity and development between the Party's innovative theories, we need to stay on the right track and keep pace with the times. To illustrate the essence of teaching from the "source of living water", we need to explain three-level principles of our position, thinking methods and spiritual realm. To integrate the overall teaching concept, we need to estimate the nature, teaching content and curriculum arrangement of sub-curriculum courses. To test the actual effect of specific practices, we need to design the indicator system from two aspects, reliability and validity. By doing this, we can promote Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era practicaly and profoundly to obtain substantial results in the teaching of compulsory ideological and political courses for undergraduates.
“Ideological and moral cultivation and legal foundation” course is the first ideological and political course undergraduates encounter when they enter colleges and universities. The course could be characterized by the plurality on the origin, the individuality on the contents and the practicality on the goals. On this basis, when integrating Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into the course, we have to start with the diversity of teaching material, the contextualization of classroom teaching and the continuity of teaching process in order to find appropriate methods to integrate Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into college textbooks, classroom teaching and students' minds.
As one of the courses of ideological and political theory, the teaching of "outline of modern Chinese history" course should be combined with Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. Though the integration of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into the teaching of "outline of modern Chinese history" course has made significant achievements, there still are problems, such as the unsatisfactory theoretical level of some teachers, the lack of wholeness and systematism in content integration and the lack of care for contemporary college students in teaching design. To improve the effect of the integration of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into the teaching of "outline of modern Chinese history" course, it is necessary to take multiple measures of improving teachers' theoretical level, and establish a set of perfect evaluation mechanism; it is necessary to implement top-level design and construct the course teaching integration system with clear boundaries and cohesive contents; it is also necessary to establish the teaching mode of "double main body" between teachers and students and let students learn with enthusiasm and initiative.
The integration of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into the teaching of "introduction" course, is not only an urgent need for ideological and political education to implement the basic tasks of strengthen morality education, but also an inevitable requirement to build "golden classes" in ideological and political education, as well as an inevitable requirement for guiding deep ideological and political learning. The teaching team of the "introduction" course of Beihang University explores the innovative content of integrating Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era thought into the introduction course, and actively promotes the innovation of teaching content that is intertwined with history and reality, theory and practice, and the world and national conditions. Efforts should be made to promote the innovation of "online + offline" "cognition + exploration" and "teaching + discussion" teaching forms, to continuously improve the quality of "introduction" course construction.
To promote the integration of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into "principles" course, we should follow the macro ideas of "why" "what" and "how", and refine the original contribution that Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era has made to the basic principles of Marxism. Xi Jinping's important discussion of the historic juncture and the principal contradiction, the new development philosophy and the development strategy, the national governance and the institution building, the targeted poverty alleviation and the ensurance of living standards, a community with a shared future for mankind, the leadership of the Party and the full rigorous governance over the Party, thinking and working methods should be fully integrated into Marxist philosophy, political economics and scientific socialism. In the teaching process of "principles" course, teachers should focus on the core essence and basic viewpoints, persist in clarifying doubts, adhere to the principles of integrity and innovation, strengthen the interpretation of academic theory and realistic observation, and explain clearly the major theoretical and practical problems in the reform and development of contemporary China.
The user-generated data storing in the online platform belongs to the undertaking properties of the platform's operator, which can assert the undertaking rights to the data. The protection to the undertaking rights is more like the protection to the legal interests than the protection to the absolute rights. The court should balance the relevant interests in the specific cases before making a decision on whether the third parties invade the platform's rights or interests to the data. The platform can get legal relief when the third parties scrap the data storing in the platform. Specifically, if there is a commercial competition relationship between the perpetrator and the victim, the anti-unfair competition law should be applied first for relief; when there is no commercial competition relationship between the two, or the application of the anti-unfair competition law is not sufficient to relieve the victim, the victims can get relief according to the torts law.
In the post epidemic era, the recovery of the world economy is accelerating, indicating that it is urgent to promote the success of the e-commerce negotiations of the World Trade Organization (WTO) as soon as possible. This matter concerns the development strategy of China's industry and information technology as well as the in-depth development of the construction of a powerful manufacturing and trade country. Through the analysis of the negotiation process and main differences of e-commerce since 1998, the current obstacle can be discovered, and by the quantitative empirical comparison method, the solution could be found when exploring the legal experience of China's e-commerce development. Therefore, from the theoretical standpoint of facilitating global e-commerce consumption, promoting human well-being and enhancing the accessibility of international trade, it is concluded that it is necessary for China to fully report and share its legislative ideas and practical experience of e-commerce with the WTO, that is, to put forward the topic of "standardization of contracts, matching of facilities, diversification of contracting and certainty of access into the Internet" to the WTO e-commerce negotiation working group, so as to promote WTO members to enter the substantive stage of "tariff sheet of e-commerce" negotiation as soon as possible.
Based on the expression of the developing rule of law itself, on Marx's historical materialism, and on the needs of the times. Beihang's new law practice teaching reflects the new requirements of the new era for legal concepts, legal content and legal methods. Since the establishment of the department in 1997, Beihang Law School has gone through such three stages as the basic construction, frame formation and comprehensive expansion; and therefore, has initially formed a linear compound system model, and a development pattern with its own characteristics. In the undergraduate teaching stage, this teaching is manifested as a basic practical education system; in the postgraduate teaching stage, it is manifested as a personalized practical education mechanism; on the whole, it forms an internal and external interactive resource collaboration environment. It is concluded that this practical teaching model has achieved remarkable results, there appear a growing number of practice-based thesis topics, and most of the graduates are trained to be compound talents and backbones of the political and legal system.
There are three long-term care models:social insurance model, universal model and means tested model, which can be represented by the Netherlands, Northern Europe and the United Kingdom. The Netherlands established a mandatory long-term care insurance plan in 1968; the Nordic countries provide universal long-term care services based on a public system funded by central and local taxation; the United Kingdom provides long-term care services for low-income groups based on means surveys. Through analysis, it is found that all three models have the problem of high financing pressure, and they are converging on quite similar trend on organizing and providing long-term care services to promote the sustainability of long-term care system.
The integration of community-based long-term care service resources is helpful to solving the problems of service shortage and fragmentation. Based on Valentijn's resource integration theory, this paper studies the path and dilemma of resource integration of community embedded long-term care model from macro, meso, micro and cross level dimensions by taking Shanghai as an example. The research shows that the realization of comprehensive and full integration of long-term care service needs four main prerequisites:real cooperation mechanism among multiple providers, dynamic and efficient case management, comprehensive environmental support and common long-term expectations. Therefore, we should promote the comprehensive and full integration of community-based long-term care service resources from seven aspects, which include constructing the financing mechanism, unifying the management organization, enhancing the community trust, and increasing the industrial support.
Pension adjustment is an important mechanism to enhance the sense of gain and improve the life quality of retired workers. This paper sorts out the historical evolution and development characteristics of China's basic pension benefit adjustment policy since the reform and opening up, and then analyzes the reasons for the formation of external intervention adjustment. Based on this, a comprehensive and systematic evaluation of China's pension adjustment policy is carried out. This paper sumarizes the practical problems existing in the adjustment of basic pension benefits, such as the vague concept of the establishment, the poor effect of the operation practice, the obvious difference between different regions and the poor adaptability. Finally, based on the clarifying the objective positioning of the benefit adjustment mechanism,some policy suggestions on establishing an automatic, transparent and financially sound pension adjustment mechanism was put forward..
Through the investigation of a new type of government entrustment, the entrusted relationship between neighboring areas and functional government departments, an inspiring and innovative result in local government management was discovered. The result shows, to save public management resources and improve public management and services, a certain government department in a certain place will be inspected and selected among the government departments with the same functions in the neighboring areas with efficiency advantages, and will be entrusted to the neighboring regions with the advantages of the government departments with the same functions. This innovation in government management puts forward a new expansion space for the theory of government reengineering, construction of a service-oriented government, and an efficient government.
The multi-dimensional application of data technology in urban space has become an inevitable trend. In the governance practice, data technology, as a new governance tool, not only increases the vitality of urban governance, but also makes urban governance face many potential challenges, such as the marginalization of the subject, the risk of the object, the digitalization of the intermediary and the complexity of the environment. Based on the position of "the city is the people's city", we should adhere to the principle of the return of urban spatial subjectivity, build a scientific and efficient urban governance mechanism, deepen the rational use of data governance and standardize the ethical purpose of technological governance, and serve the realization of good urban governance with the scientific use of data technology to promote the modernization of urban governance.
The theory and practice of "Digital China" stem from the background of the new generation of information technology revolution. But the most direct reason is the practice of Xi Jinping's "Digital Fujian" during his work in Fujian and his important speech about "Digital China" at the end of 2015. The development of "Digital China" has gone through three stages:germination, local exploration and national strategy. It has become the symbol of the construction of national information system. As a major strategy of China's scientific and technological innovation, "Digital China" construction will have an all-round impact on China's future in economy, politics, culture, society and ecology.
Digital Twin is an emerging information technology that has developed rapidly from concept to practical application in recent years. With unique advantages in realizing real-time interaction and communication between the physical world and the virtual information world, this technology has great application potential in the field of intelligent manufacturing. However, the development and application of digital twin technology will not only profoundly change the world, but also deeply shape human beings themselves. It is urgent to conduct in-depth exploration on the essence, advantages and limitations of digital twin technology at the philosophical level. This paper believes that the digital twin is a "restricted" reality and the externalization of human will, and is a thinking and practical tool for the subject to understand the world; moreover, the digital twin has unique value in improving people's cognitive ability, coping with the uncertainty of complex systems and extending human experience. Finally, this paper points out the limitations of digital twin technology in its thinking mode, the tendency of strong computationism, and the possibility of forming a digital "Ge-stell".
The weak principal-agent relationship is the root cause of the tension between doctors and patients. To solve the moral hazard of doctors, a principal-agent model was established to link the disutility of patients' medical expenses with doctors' salaries by drawing on the idea of "medical insurance integration". It is found that the greater the incentive coefficient in the salary system, the higher the efforts of doctors. The optimal incentive coefficient is different under different risk preference combinations. Internalized medical expenses largely avoid the moral hazard of "supporting medicine with drugs". On this basis,Rabin's reciprocity preference theory is introduced into the model to study the incentive mechanism design of doctor-patient transaction from the perspective of reciprocity. The results show that when the fixed fee paid by the patient is more than half of the maximum fixed fee that the patient can afford, and the effort of the doctor is more than half of the maximum effort, the doctor and the patient have reciprocal behaviors, and the benefits of both parties are higher than the benefits of complete rationality. At the same time, the higher the patient's fixed fee to the doctor, the greater the effort of the doctor. Finally, by comparing the benefits of patients and doctors under the condition of complete rationality and reciprocity preference through numerical simulation, it can be concluded that the benefits of patients and doctors under the condition of reciprocity preference have pareto improvement.
The correct method of determining the weight of risk factors is related to the rationality of the risk assessment results of social stability of construction projects. Based on Kendall synergy coefficient, multiple random sampling was used to generate control test samples in the risk questionnaire outcome data corresponding to the selected weighting method. Then the samples are ranked and assigned with points, followed by calculating the average Kendall synergy coefficient and significance testing. The weight determination method corresponds to the one with the highest degree of consistency of the sample data, which is the optimal result of significance testing. The results of example analysis show that Kendall synergy coefficient can realize the quantitative optimization of the weight determination method and ensure the rationality of the weight value calculation results of risk factors.
Chinese space station opened a new journey for China's international space cooperation,during which, many international space cooperation intellectual property rights with core competitiveness are produced. Therefore, it is urgent to establish a systematic space intellectual property system to protect China's national interests and the sustainable development of the space station. By comparing the characteristics of Chinese space station and the existing regulations in the field of world space intellectual property rights, it is found that there are some institutional dilemmas in the protection of intellectual property rights for the international cooperation of Chinese space station, such as the lack of legislation and the loss of property rights. For this purpose, it is necessary to improve the compatibility and systematization of domestic laws to enhance the legal quality; set up a special space intellectual property regulatory agency and a strict confidentiality mechanism; it is also necessary to promote the innovation and transformation of the relief of space property rights disputes by using the system of creditor's rights relief and state responsibility. While strengthening the national property rights capacity, we need to focus on the two-way mutual aid of domestic and international protection networks, and optimize the partnership and external environment for international cooperation in intellectual property protection of Chinese space station, to provide the world with China's experience and international public goods in outer space exploration.
Since the 1980s, the laws and policies of the United States on space commercial launch have been heavily mercantilist. Political reasons behind these laws and policies are the political tradition of business lobbying and the needs of maintaining political hegemony; economic considerations are chasing profits of domestic capital and the needs of maintaining economic hegemony; cultural reasons are the mission of pursuing wealth under the combination of Protestantism's conception of the calling and the spirit of capitalism, as well as the tradition of attaching importance to trade, the spirit of Roman law and the pioneering national character derived from the classical civilization. In the commercial space competition with the United States, China should find a way to develop commercial space launch industry of our own. Internally, China should issue a space launch industry plan, give play to the advantages of state-owned enterprises and private enterprises. Externally, China should promote the market of developing countries by relying on "the Belt and Road" Spatial Information Corridor as well as strengthen space science and technology exchanges and cooperation with other space-faring nations or groups.
Between change and invariance, invariance is the insistence on direction, and change is a response to innovation. In the new era, ideological and political theory course is the main front and channel for university students to carry out Marx theory education. Therefore, when it comes to the fundamental aspects of the ideological and political theory course, it is necessary to keep invariance. At the same time, in the face of changes in various aspects, the ideological and political theory course in universities should be ahead of the time to recognize changes, actively respond to changes, and actively seek changes, so as to promote the "living" of the ideological and political theory course in universities. In short, we should not only enhance the ideological aspects and theoretical, but also the affinity and pertinence of the ideological and political theory courses in universities in the process of "change" and "invariance"
For a long time, the ideological and political courses in universities have been faced with the plight of students' subjective status being ignored and students' interest in learning is generally low. How to expand the teaching channels of ideological and political courses and improve the learning effect and satisfaction of learners are the focus of researchers. Based on the activity theory and the principle of taking students as the main body, this paper constructs an innovative model of university ideological and political courses learning space expansion under the virtual reality technology, by analyzing how the students, as the dominant interact with other elements, and experience the whole process of immersion, interaction, perception and intelligence learning activities of virtual reality learning space. The educational result of "broad but unprofessional" is the biggest difficulty of virtual reality learning space in ideological and political courses teaching in universities. We can promote the breadth and depth of the application of virtual reality learning space in universities through the reform of the whole teaching process and the formulation of incentive mechanism.