JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF AERONAUTICS AND A ›› 2019, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (1): 78-83.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0340

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Philosophical Interpretation of Chinese Landscape Painting and Landscape Spirit

CAI Jinsong   

  1. Institute for Advanced Studies on Humanities and Social Sciences, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-11-14 Online:2019-01-25 Published:2019-02-19


Landscape painting is the most successful and influential representative of traditional Chinese painting. Its pattern, aesthetic implication, philosophical spirit and many other characteristics play an important role in the history of Chinese art and even the world art history. The paper analyzes the philosophical implications of landscape painting from the space-time pattern transformation from "natural landscape" to "artistic landscape", and the ecological structure of "harmony between nature and human" in landscape aesthetics. It holds that the unique aesthetic system of the traditional landscape painting emphasize the dialectical unity of situational aesthetics, mood aesthetics and charm aesthetics. Based on the analysis of the philosophical implications of landscape painting, the paper makes a preliminary discussion on the connotation of landscape spirit from the philosophical point of view, and puts forward the landscape spirit ideas of the true of "the unity of nature and man", the good of "the unity of knowledge and practice", and the beautiful of "the unity of emotion and scenery", which will certainly promote Chinese landscape painting from the tradition to the future and create a more brilliant artistic spirit echo.

Key words: chinese traditional painting, theory of landscape painting, scenery of art, structure of aesthetic, landscape spirit, philosophical implication

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