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    General Education of Technical University:Experience of General Education in MIT

    Pan Weijiang
    2015, 28 (5): 113-120.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2015.0013

    The general education reform of Beihang University is very successful. It can be used as an example and reference for other technical universities. But Beihang University needs to learn the experience of other leading technical universities in the world, such as MIT. Through investigating the history of general education of MIT, it is found that undergraduate education at MIT has been highly successful. The general education curriculum of MIT, which named general institute requirements, is a good example to learn from. It not only comforts to the rule of General Education, but also has its own distinguishing features, especially humanities , arts and social sciences. General education curriculum, which is divided to three parts: distribution component, concentration component and elective component. Besides, the administration system of general education at MIT has also successful experiences for other universities to learn from.

    Research on International Comparison of Industry TFP Level

    ZHENG Hai-tao, REN Ruo-en
    2010, 23 (2): 55-58.  

    International comparison of industry TFP level is an important part of productivity-s international comparison and plays an important role in industry international competitiveness research. This paper respectively derives the model measuring TFP level gap from the bilateral translog production function and from bilateral translog price function. Then the paper reports 33 industries- TFP gap between China and Japan for the 1995 benchmark year by using the latter model. The finding is that only 7 industries- TFP in China are bigger than the ones in Japan in 1995, which reflects price competitive advantage to Japan.

    Equity Market Environment, Investors Activism and Corporate Governance Performance: An Analysis Based on Correlated Signal Model

    LI Yuan, LI Xiaochang
    2016, 29 (6): 54-61.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0603

    The paper applies market microstructure approach to study the problem of corporate governance on the case of separation of ownership and control power. Focus on the real operating environment where investors are engaged in monitoring activities with direct productive value, and meanwhile trading equity of the supervised company in the stock market, the paper adopts the Jain and Mirman's correlated signal model to examine the effect of open market transactions of investors with major stakes on their internal monitoring and control behavior. The paper concludes that the monitoring level of the investors and the corporate governance performance are affected by stock market microstructure factors such as stock market liquidity. The paper further reveals how to build an external equity market environment where investors can monitor and control more effectively.

    Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 and State Responsibility for Civil Aviation Safety and Security

    Liu Weimin
    2015, 28 (1): 30-40.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0585

    The downed Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 is a human tragedy. The top priority of air transport development is to ensure flight safety and security. There should be unified technical standard for aircraft operation and uniform rules for air traffic which should be subject to uniform air traffic control. Laws and regulations for air navigation safety and security have been established systematically. Still there are many things that need to be done. International society is composed of sovereign states. In the international aviation relations, sovereign states play an important role. The "legalization" of international relations has become a general trend. The international rule of law needs to be strengthened and any state who dares to violate peremptory norm of international law should bear state responsibilities in order to prevent the tragedy from happening again. Thus the safety and security of air navigation can be effectively safeguarded.

    A Comment on Public Choice Theory Research

    YUAN Zheng
    2010, 23 (2): 1-6.  

    Public Choice Theory was born amidst fierce arguement and great difficulty. It uses the method of economics to analyse the problem of politics. The most contended parts of Public Choice Theory, such as electorate (voter) research, analyse for political personages and government officials.They presume that people are selfish when they do anything, and then they study political personages and government officials- mutual actions in the background of democracy system, and so on. This paper is presented and computed with the numbers of the origination and development of Public Choice Theory; the innovation of Public Choice Theory; the focus of argument of Public Choice Theory; and the New Evolution of Public Choice Theory.

    Reinterpretation of Qian Zhongshu's Translation Theories

    ZHAO Wei
    2009, 22 (4): 61-64.  

    Huajing (transmigration of souls) proposed by Qian Zhongshu is the mos t controversial issue in traditional Chinese translation theories. It inherits t raditional Chinese art philosophy on the one hand and absorbs Western aesthetics on the other. It sheds light on the art of translation in particular and illumi nates the laws of artistic creation in general. Huajing is not just a translatio n criterion; it reveals the nature of literary translation, i.e., the unity betw een original stylistic excellence and the translator's artistic recreation techn iques. Huajing is logically consistent with Qian Zhongshu's general art theories and other sporadic translation thoughts.

    China-s Provincial Estimates of the Efficiency of Capital Use: 1981~2005

    LI Rui-juan, SUN Lin-lin
    2010, 23 (3): 48-51.  

    We estimated China-s 31 provinces in 1980~2005 in the construction and equipmen t capital stock by perpetual inventory method (PIM) with the latest data, and th en measured the marginal capital output ratio of China-s various provinces in 19 81~2005 with the GDP data. The capital accumulation in China-s eastern province s has been relatively saturated; Central provinces are at moderate level of capi tal stock; western provinces are still inadequate in capital accumulation and th eir capital efficiency is yet to improve, so they should continue to increase ca pital investment.

    A Legal Analysis on Finance Leasing Aircraft: A Case Study of East Star Airline

    YU Dan
    2010, 23 (2): 36-40.  

    Finance leasing is one of the most common methods for Chinese airlines to acquire aircraft. In this article, the contractual rights and obligations of finance lease are analyzed from the case of East Star Air. Airlines, especially the small and medium sized airlines are inclined to use the method of finance lease to acquire aircraft because of the unique functions and nature of the finance lease. However, this kind of transaction also puts airlines in the situation of multiple risks. For the contract can't be cancelled during the long contract period, so the breach of contract sometimes is fatal to airlines.

    Review of Study on Aviation Transport Law Question in China: Summary on Chinese Science of Air Law Studying in Thirty Years (One)

    HAO Xiu-hui
    2010, 23 (2): 27-35.  

    The study of China air transport law has made considerable achievements in the past thirty years (from 1979 to 2009), and various works and periodical theses and academic degree theses in this field have been published. But, the study of Chinese domestic civil aviation carrier responsibility is still not enough, carrier, research content and research method need to blaze a new trail, the quantity and quality of the achievements in scientific research need to be further promoted, thus, the study of air transport law is a hard and long term task.

    A Corpus-based Approach to English Grammaticalization

    XIANG Ming-you
    2010, 23 (1): 87-92.  

    Corpus-based researches on English Grammaticalization have been proved successf ul in the west. Based on the books and papers on English Grammaticalization pub lished recently, this paper introduces the explanatory power of corpus in gramma ticalization studies with intention to arouse Chinese scholars- interests in cor pus-based approach to grammaticalization.

    The Translating Strategy of LUNYU by James Legge and Gu Hong-ming

    LIU Yang-chun
    2008, 21 (4): 66-69.  

    The translation and diffusion of a prestigious classic is influenced by the tran slator's strategy in accordance with his experience and purpose of translation. The essay carries out a comparative study between James Legge's English version of The Confucius Analects and Gu Hong-ming's version of The Discourses and Sayi ngs of Coufucius in three aspects: background information, translation of the ke y words and realia in the original culture. A conclusion is drawn that the trans lation of a prestigious classic work is a comprehensive issue. An effective tran slation strategy is able to promote the position of a national culture and the d ignity of a nation.

    An Empirical Study of the Relationship between the Idiosyncratic Volatility and Cross-sectional Return

    YANG Hua-wei, HAN Li-yan
    2009, 22 (1): 6-10.  

    We confirm that the negative relation between lagged idiosyncratic volatility an d future average returns cannot be explained by exposure to various cross-secti onal risk factors and market frictions such as illiquidity, trading cost and pri ce delay. Different from studies in US stock markets, we find that the negative relation is stronger with equal-weighted idiosyncratic volatility quintile port folios than value weighted portfolios. We also find that the abnormal low future returns with high past idiosyncratic volatility is not significant after contro lling for turnover effect in Chinese stock market. We propose that short sale co nstraints and retail investors dominating trading in Chinese stock market can he lp to explain the differences.

    Organization and Operation of China-s Emergency Management

    SHAN Chun-chang, HUANG Min
    2010, 23 (2): 22-26.  

    The Chinese Government has attached great importance to emergency management. Based on its scientific analysis of the public security situation and conscientious summary of the lessons and experience, the government has established an emergency management system with "one plan and three systems" as its core contents, as well as an emergency mechanism featuring "unified leadership, comprehensive coordination, categorized management, divided responsibility and localized management", which have played an important role in effectively addressing all kinds of emergencies and building a harmonious socialist society.

    An Analysis of Pragmatic Information in THE NEW OXFORD ENGLISH-CHINESE DICTIONARY

    OUYANG Xiao-qin
    2010, 23 (2): 101-104.  

    With the interpenetration of pragmatic theory in bilingual lexicography, the pragmatic information in bilingual dictionary has become a focus in recent years. This paper analyzes the pragmatic information in THE NEW OXFORD ENGLISH-CHINESE DICTIONARY which was published in January of 2007, and puts forward some methods to express the pragmatic information in bilingual dictionary.

    Contemporary Shi Zhe-cun

    WENG Ju-fang
    2010, 23 (3): 72-75.  

    From the earlier imitation of Edgar Allan Poe’s gothic novels to the later crea tion of fantastic novels, Shi Zhe-cun was deeply influenced by Edgar Allan Poe. However, Shi Zhe-cun’novels tend to show a kind of mind and put emphasis on t he theme "fear". Fearful mind is an original feeling of man whose direction ca nnot be recognized and is difficult to express clearly, while Edgar Allan Poe’s novels put emphasis on the theme "terror" and try to show a terrifying scene. Although the strange stories in Edgar Allan Poe’s novels bring readers some te rrifying experience, he cannot go deep in the people’s heart. From this point o f view, we can say that Shi Zhe-cun’s novels have surpassed Edgar Allan Poe’s .

    Effects of Ways of Glossing on Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition through Reading

    SHI Jing-xia
    2010, 23 (2): 93-96.  

    The present paper studies through experiments the effects of double- glossing, single-glossing, and no-glossing on incidental acquisition and maintenance of new words while reading an English article. The results show that: 1) double-glossing conduces most to incidental vocabulary acquisition, single-glossing plays a significant role, too; 2) double-glossing conduces more than no-glossing to the maintenance of new words, but as for the comparison between double-glossing and single-glossing, single-glossing and no-glossing, the former has no significant advantage.

    Genre Analysis of Aerospace Article Abstracts

    HE Yu-yin, CAO Zhen-zhen
    2010, 23 (2): 97-100.  

    Genre analysis is a key technique for studying article abstracts. In terms of genre analysis theory for the corpus of 50 English abstracts and 50 Chinese ones of aerospace articles, this paper conducts a contrast study of respective moves of their macro-structures. This paper also studies language features of English abstracts and discusses the differences within English versions of Chinese abstracts. The results illustrate the five-move abstract which contains background, purpose, method, result and conclusion, and demonstrate the language features of English abstracts and the differences between Chinese academic culture and western academic culture, which give insights into the building of our present academic culture.

    Emergency Transport System Construction and Emergency Security System

    LIN Yu-ming
    2010, 23 (3): 20-26.  

    Any type of large-scale emergencies might disrupt and even destroy traffic, impose the significant economic and social impacts on the effected area, and even cause further secondary disasters. Rapid establishment of highways, waterways, aviation, railway emergency transport system, protecting commodity flows, is of great significance to emergency response and reduction in the loss of property.Once the event occurs, emergency transport systems based on normal logistics start the emergency transport system plan, and accelerate the improvement of emergency security system and scene response measures through strong transport systems to ensure people, financial, and material in position and the rapid information flow, which is a key topic in emergency response.

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