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    Sino-US Trade Friction: Issues, Views and Strategies

    DUAN Qi, LU Qinghe
    2020, 33 (2): 93-99,127.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0376

    We first review the current round of Sino-US trade friction, and summarize relevant views of Chinese government and academia on this round of friction. On this basis, we then analyze the essence of Sino-US trade frictions, that is, under the background of profound changes in the global economic layout and international labor division, the United States comprehensively readjusts its foreign policies, while China is at a critical stage of economic restructuring and upgrading, the two largest economies of the world have to face and tackle a series of frictions and collisions between each other. Then we clarify some key concepts including exchange rate manipulation, industrial policy and dumping, especially the significance of these concepts to the Sino-US economic and trade relationships. Finally, we put forward some strategies to deal with the current round of friction.

    2020, 33 (6): 0-0.  

    2021, 34 (3): 0-0.  

    2021, 34 (2): 0-0.  

    Governmental Micro-video: Development and Effects in Government Communication

    JIA Zhemin, HE Jingqi
    2019, 32 (6): 53-58.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0310

    Currently, micro-video is the fastest-growing pattern in government social media system. The government agencies from lower to upper level launch their own official accounts abundantly and actively. For a good communicational purpose, Governmental TikTok could provide plentiful scenes, a wide range of topics and diverse story scripts. Meanwhile, government prefer to use human emotions, details, meme and emoji to make micro-video acceptable and interesting. Social media traffic and fans are both used as significant strategies. Under the theories of government communication, this study believes that micro-video not only has advantages in revitalizing resources, breaking through traditional styles and improving communication quality, but also can stimulate government on how to visualize public policies, promote images and optimize government-public relations. Finally, conclusions also provide developmental approaches for government micro-video, such as using strategies including inner media convergence, social media traffic, fans, text, and operation.

    Three Contextual Elements in Communication of Chinese Art Ideas

    LI Tao
    2020, 33 (2): 51-60.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0442

    The history of culture reveals that independence and stability, as well as motility and transmissibility, are indispensable element of a vital cultural paradigm. The communication of ideas of art implied the communication of culture. Both Arthur O. Lovejoy and Quentin Skinner treated ideas as "unit-idea" and "object", the system and context of which nevertheless fall into the shackle of the subject-object dualism. However, the concept of "Interaction Between the Mind and the Subject Matter" proposed by Chinese traditional culture unified the elements of culture, history and life in art.

    Crisis and Countermeasures of Marketization of Judicial Identification in China

    WANG Yuanyuan, XING Zhe
    2020, 33 (2): 143-153.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0297

    Due to the value conflict between the neutral status of appraisal institutions and the beneficial oriented market, the marketization of the judicial identification's reform appears to be quite challenging. Meanwhile, the gaps in relevant legislation and the lack of supervision have all made money the priority of all, giving some accreditation bodies an opportunity to take advantage. Judical expertise institutions are profit-oriented, and make use of their own positions, in order to conduct unfair career paths, thus undermining the neutrality that the judicial appraisal institutions should maintain, and further seriously destroying the credibility of the judiciary. However, many scholars cannot get out of the knowledge of law for their research, resulting in the limited research ideas and perspectives. The reform of judicial identification is not only simply about the specification of the judicial identification itself, but also to establish a healthy market environment, as it is the basis for the sound development of the judicial identification industry. In terms of the market regulations, it is urgent for the judicial appraisal industry to integrate resources on the basis of demarcation of marketization and commercialization, and adjust the entry barriers and exit mechanism. Moreover, it is necessary to establish quality rating in the way of judicial appraisal classification management. In the aspect of legal regulation, the perfection of the judicial expertise evidence system is conducive to strengthen the connection between the judicial system and the appraisal system and reduce the asymmetric information transmission. The balance between the neutrality of judicial appraisal and marketization is more dependent on the enhancement of legislative supply, the enactment of the judicial appraisal law and the improvement of the regulatory system including the regulatory subject, mode, authority and responsibility.

    Social Stability Risk Analysis of Large-scale Engineering Construction Projects Based on SEM

    GU Guangyao, WEI Fajie
    2019, 32 (6): 83-91.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0177

    Major construction projects increase with the development of social economy,which desiderate its social stability risks' recognition, evaluation and prevention. Research on associated risk factors' inner relationship differs from common risk recognition and evaluation, which contributes to the analysis of social stability risks' construction as well as building prevention management system. Questionnaire survey method was adopted in data collecting while structural equation modeling (SEM) in model building. Finally, with the basic of risk factors, a major airport construction project's social stability risks was put forward, whose construction and measurement can be analyzed quantitatively, so as that assessment path be completed.

    2019, 32 (6): 0-0.  

    Chinese NPOs' Social Media Use and Impact Measurement

    WANG Xiuli, ZHANG Juan, LUO Longxiang, WANG Bing
    2019, 32 (6): 59-68.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0311

    In-depth interview and questionnaire survey method were used in this study to examine the objective, current situation and impact measurement of Chinese Non-Profit Organizations'(NPO) social media use. The findings indicate that Chinese NPOs' social media use are influenced by their missions, characteristics and stages of development. Social media are used for multiple purposes, such as communication, image building and fundraising. The selection, operation and management of social media platforms are quite different for Chinese NPOs. Although most Chinese NPOs have realized the importance of social media impact measurement, they lack of effective index, tools and methods.

    Cultivation of Engineering Consciousness and Craftsman Spirit Under Construction of Emerging Engineering Education: A Case Study of Civil Engineering Majors

    YAN Changbin, YANG Jianzhong, LIANG Yan
    2019, 32 (6): 152-160.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0202

    As an important measure to deepen the reform of higher engineering education and an upgraded version of the outstanding engineers plan, the construction of emerging engineering education has been put forward to meet the severe challenges brought by the new economic reform based on the Washington Accord. In view of the main problems existing in higher engineering education, it is imperative to return engineering education to engineering itself, which is also the core concept of the construction of emerging engineering education. The construction of emerging engineering education is a systematic project, and some new requirements for the cultivation of engineering talents have been presented in terms of conception, system, innovation, practice and transboundary. To fulfill these new requirements, more attention should be paid to the cultivation of engineering consciousness and the shaping of craftsman spirit from the perspective of the educational concept of large-scale engineering. Taking civil engineering majors as an example, to cultivate the engineering consciousness and build the craftsman spirit of students in the specific training links systematically is the key to improve the cultivation quality of engineering talents in an all-round way.

    2021, 34 (4): 0-0.  

    Legal Issues on Protections of Aerodrome Obstacle Free Space

    ZHANG Junzhou
    2019, 32 (6): 110-118.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0318

    With the rapid development of China's transportation industry, the number of airport reconstruction and expansion projects has also increased by a large margin. Incidents that impact the safety of "aerodrome obstacle free space" occur frequently, which seriously endangers the flight safety of aircraft. Airport is one of the basic airworthiness conditions to ensure flight safety. Therefore, Annex 14 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation and relevant domestic legislation have established standards and regulations for aerodrome obstacle free space protection, clarified the demolition and reconstruction requirements of over height buildings, and prohibited activities in airport obstacle clearance protection zone. In view of the unclear division of duties, the disunity of understanding and the difficulties in project approval, authority can strengthen the identification of duties and the coordination mechanism, improve the project examination and approval system to achieve the purpose of "aerodrome obstacle free space protection" of China's civil aviation.

    Comprehensive Innovation Training Curriculum Based on Artificial Intelligence and Engineering Practice

    SUN Zhibo, SHI Chengkun, GENG Xiangwei, LI Ziyuan, FU Bo
    2019, 32 (6): 148-151.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0196

    In order to cultivate innovative and complex talents with innovative spirit and practical ability, the "artificial intelligence+engineering practice" concept was introduced into the comprehensive innovation training curriculum based on the "Innovation Action Plan of Artificial Intelligence in Colleges and Universities". Artificial intelligence teaching and training was involved in the course, and the curriculum framework with the new concept was established. Two artificial intelligence innovation projects have been finished through the course. One was the "drilling operating platform based on virtual reality technology", the other was "intelligent flower watering robot based on image recognition". The project of "artificial intelligence + engineering practice" has promoted the quality of the curriculum itself, enhanced the communication between the teachers, developed the construction of the teaching team, stimulated the students' enthusiasm for learning, and cultivated the students' creative and cooperative ability. The project of "artificial intelligence + engineering practice" is of great significance to the development of the curriculum.

    2019, 32 (6): 1-3.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0290

    Analysis of the Policy Change of Postgraduate Grants System in China at the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic: Based on the Analysis Perspective of Historical Institutionalism

    REN Zheng, MA Yonghong, WU Dongjiao
    2019, 32 (6): 142-147.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2018.0148

    Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, the Party and the state have made major deployments to ensure the development of postgraduate grant policy, which has undergone four stages of development. By using the historical institutionalism analysis method, this paper makes an analysis of the change of China's postgraduate grant policy, and finds that the deep structure affecting the development of China's postgraduate grant policy is the guidance of educational philosophy, the guidance of government behavior and the autonomous promotion of universities; And the path dependence in the policy change is the result of the transformation cost of system operation, the learning effect, the coordination effect and the adaptability expectation; And the dynamic mechanism of the change of postgraduate grant policy lies in the game equilibrium among the government, universities and postgraduates.

    Satisfaction and Influencing Factors Analysis of Older People Lived in “Embedded” Nursing Home: Take Shanghai as an Example

    WEN Haihong, WANG Yihuan
    2020, 33 (2): 72-79.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0425

    "Embedded" old-age service, as a new model of old-age service, fully combines the dual advantages of community home-based old-age service and institutional old-age service, and makes up for the shortcomings of both, so should become one of the important modes for social forces to establish old-age service. Based on SERVPERF model, this paper analyzes the satisfaction of the elderly in the "embedded" nursing home and its influencing factors. The study found that more than half of the elderly expressed dissatisfaction with the services provided by the "embedded" nursing home, and the factors affecting the satisfaction of the "embedded" nursing service mainly include the support degree of the pension service policy, the information facilities of the nursing home, the richness of the pension service content, the professional level of the pension service staff, the self-care ability, education level and pension level of the elderly. Therefore, in order to promote the vigorous development of the "embedded" nursing home and the reform process of the supply-side of pension services, this paper puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions, such as improving the "embedded" pension service policy, establishing the division and cooperation mechanism between the community and the "embedded" nursing home.

    Engineering Knowledge Spreading Accurately Under the Vision of Public Understanding

    YU Jinlong, GUO Pengcheng
    2019, 32 (6): 40-46.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0341

    As the engineering change of the world and the public growing, the relationship between the public and engineering is more and more closely. At the same time, the public is changing from the role of understanding engineering to participate even impact engineering. Adapted to the logic evolution, inherently requires implementation from engineering to the public for accurate knowledge dissemination. This paper recounts the public understanding of engineering background, and reveals other guidance to engineering knowledge. This paper argues that, engineering knowledge is an important way of promoting the public understanding about engineering. According to the nature of engineering knowledge, we should grasp the key of engineering knowledge, divide objects, set the content and choose appropriate chance to spread.

    Safety Operations Management of Small and Medium-Sized Airports

    ZHANG Yanfeng
    2019, 32 (6): 98-102.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0333

    In recent years, with rapid development of civil aviation and adjustment of transport structure, the number and throughput of small and medium-sized airports in China are also growing fast under the guidance of the national strategy, however, which can not match with safety, operation guarantee resources and security capacity, resulting in a high incidence of unsafe incidents. Considering that some problems existing currently in small and medium-sized airports, such as insufficient supervision, large differences in management modes, excess budget cost of operating, we should focus on scientific division standard, implementation of differential management, innovation of supervision method, reduce pressure reasonably, and ensure the sustainable and safe development of small and medium-sized airports from top-level design.

    “Notice-Takedown” Rule in “E-Commerce Law”

    LIU Wenjie
    2019, 32 (6): 13-20.   DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2019.0358

    The core value of "Notice-Takedown" rule lies in its "safe harbor" effect, Internet service providers do not need to involve in the substantive disputes, even there is an infringement, they can still keep exempt from liability. "Notice-Takedown" rule is designed for internet information service platforms, which e-commerce platforms also belong to. Therefore, "Notice-Takedown" rule have the space to apply to e-commerce platforms. From the perspective of civil law theory,"Notice-Takedown" actually is one type of claim of absolute rights. "Notice-Takedown" rule for e-commerce platforms is a reasonable way for rights holders to implement defensive right of claim. On the other hand, if internet service providers are willing to carry out substantive investigation of disputes, law should not aggravate their liability, negligence liability rule should apply to encourage their enthusiasm, reduce costs of rights implementation and abuse of rights.

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