2010, Vol. 23 No.3
Publication date: 25 May 2010
Viewed from the perspective of the doctrines of "dirty hands" and the reason o f state, it follows from the appeal to the legitimacy of ends in public administ ration that illegitimate means have to be adopted. The distortion of ends themse lves will be unavoidable under the single-minded pursuit of legitimacy of ends, so that the dual legitimacy of ends and means will be out of reach in public ad ministration. Meanwhile, it may also lead to an ethical dilemma in which the pub lic administrators and those administrated scramble for the same moral highland. Modern public administration must seek for the dual legitimacy of ends and mean s. The theoretical foundation for this is the constitutional reason of state, an d the practical choice is the administration by law.
The crisis of government trust has become an international phenomenon. Thus, how to improve government trust is a common problem that is focused on by the polit ical and academic circles of every country. Because of the restriction of the fi xed thinking pattern of host-guest duality, we tend to emphasize excessively th at we can improve the government trust through government itself, but the actual result has not been so satisfactory. We need to break through the traditional t hinking set and change our research approach. Government trust should be that th e government and the public are of equal status, resulting from the interaction of each other. Therefore, improving the government trust not only needs the gove rnment’s promising, but also the public’s self-awareness. In the background o f a lack of rational skepticism and critical spirit in China, the public’s self -awareness is to let the public hold a rational skepticism of the government, a nd make it become the pressure mechanism. So we should not only make an analysis in theory, but go in for exploration in practice.
From the perspective of negative freedom, there isn-t anything positive in freedom, which only means various entries- exertion over freedom. The theory of negative freedom takes the freedom from arbitrary state mandatory and interference as its core. While from the perspective of its critics, because of its lack of positive factors and ignorance of equal value, its definition of freedom is neither rational nor effective. As a matter of fact, whether from its rationality or effectiveness, any idea about social or political theory is hard to be successfully and sufficiently defended.
The rural old-age security is an important content of the rural social security. Today, the phenomena such as the aging population, family structure, the floating population and the change of endowment ideas are becoming increasingly prominent. To solve the above problems, this paper proposes the following countermeasures: to use the personal old-age security mechanism, improve the land transfer system and continue to promote the family pension; in addition, it proposes the government-s duties on building the old-age insurance system.
Any type of large-scale emergencies might disrupt and even destroy traffic, impose the significant economic and social impacts on the effected area, and even cause further secondary disasters. Rapid establishment of highways, waterways, aviation, railway emergency transport system, protecting commodity flows, is of great significance to emergency response and reduction in the loss of property.Once the event occurs, emergency transport systems based on normal logistics start the emergency transport system plan, and accelerate the improvement of emergency security system and scene response measures through strong transport systems to ensure people, financial, and material in position and the rapid information flow, which is a key topic in emergency response.
For a long time, civil aviation transportation has been exempt from the the regulation of antitrust law. However, under the natural monoply mechanism, it has turned out to be lowly efficient and profitable. As the establshment and improvement of market economy system, more and more doubts are thrown upon natural monoply industries. Moreover, some traditional industries has introduced the competition mechanism. From the author-s point of view, civil aviation transportation should be considered as one of the industries that bring in competition mechanism. Due to its peculiarities, cautious attitude shall be taken toward the mechanism establishment and the enactment and perfect of relavant laws and regulations will be the key factor.
The study of aviation criminal law is one of the fields in Chinese science of ai r law studying, which, having started quite early, has the characteristic of acc umulating increasingly more research fruit year on year. Besides, there is more research on international aviation crimes than research on domestic aviation cri mes. It has vigorously followed important air incidents and events and practical problems at home and abroad. It has also mingled different branches of the avia tion law science. But there is some weakness in research method and research vie w, and especially, there is not enough research on domestic air criminal law, wh ich has already affected the perfection of air criminal legislation.
In June 2007, UN COPUOS ratified UN Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines in which national mechanism was clearly requested to implement mitigation guidelines. As a new power in space technology, India has attached great importance to space debris mitigation. Through its national mechanism, specifically through domestic entities and organizations, India tried its best to implement mitigation guidelines. The experience India has gained is helpful in China’s establishing its own national mechanism.
The increasing privatization and commercialization of outer space activities requires us to re-consider the subject of liability arising from cross border infringement stipulated in the current Outer Space Law. The cross border infringement liability arising from private enterprises’ commercial outer space activities which is allowed under International Law is international liability, and the private enterprises and the states are the obvious subjects of liability. The private enterprises should bear the primary liability and limited liability, while the states bear the supplementary liability. Where there are more than one launching state, they should be the joint subjects of liability.
We estimated China-s 31 provinces in 1980~2005 in the construction and equipmen t capital stock by perpetual inventory method (PIM) with the latest data, and th en measured the marginal capital output ratio of China-s various provinces in 19 81~2005 with the GDP data. The capital accumulation in China-s eastern province s has been relatively saturated; Central provinces are at moderate level of capi tal stock; western provinces are still inadequate in capital accumulation and th eir capital efficiency is yet to improve, so they should continue to increase ca pital investment.
In this paper, the author assumes that pursuing wealth is one of the h uman natures. Wealth pursuing is reflected in wealth label pursuing, which may l ead to an excessive extension of wealth label. The author deems that the wealth label extension is rooted in human’s passion for wealth, in the contradiction b etween supplies and needs of goods with wealth label, and in the emergence of " surplus" capital in society. After analyzing the multiple risks caused by the e xtension of wealth label, the author proves the necessity to lessen the phenomen a of wealth label extension. Considering the wealth label extension as the main roots, the author advocates to remit this phenomenon and reduce the risks it has caused by increasing the supplies of goods with wealth label.
Bank Technological Risk Grading System is one of the effective tools u sed for the supervision of bank technological risks, the core of which is to gra de the technological risks to be faced by banks. The reason for establishing the Bank Technological Risk Grading System is to set up and improve the Risk Manage ment System for commercial banks so as to make the supervising section be able t o identify, evaluate, detect and control the bank technological risks.
Bank Technological Risk Grading System is one of the effective tools used for the supervision of bank technological risks, the core of which is to grade the technological risks to be faced by banks. The reason for the establishing the Bank Technological Risk Grading System is to set up and improve the Risk Management System for commercial banks so as to make the supervising section be able to identify, evaluate, detect and control the bank technological risks.
With more and more risks appearing in the aero-engine manufacturing projects th at have the characteristics of long research period, high techniques and complex systems, it is extraordinarily significant to define the risk and establish the risk analysis index system for aero-engine projects. In this paper, according to the analysis of aero-engine research projects, we have investigated the reso urces and characteristics in aero-engine developing projects, and then establis hed the risk analysis index system for aero-engine projects.
Along with the rapid development of information and technology, the diversity an d numerousness of data forms have become a common problem confronted by data col lectors and researchers. The various researches not only analyzed and discussed problems by using the three-way data, but also in multi-angles and multi-dime nsions. The analysis object of this paper is the classification of three-way da ta, which is three-dimensional data composed of cross-sectional data and time series data. The paper tries to do clustering analysis based on constant mean an d dynamic dissimilarity, and uses modern service industry data of our country to make an empirical analysis.
From the earlier imitation of Edgar Allan Poe’s gothic novels to the later crea tion of fantastic novels, Shi Zhe-cun was deeply influenced by Edgar Allan Poe. However, Shi Zhe-cun’novels tend to show a kind of mind and put emphasis on t he theme "fear". Fearful mind is an original feeling of man whose direction ca nnot be recognized and is difficult to express clearly, while Edgar Allan Poe’s novels put emphasis on the theme "terror" and try to show a terrifying scene. Although the strange stories in Edgar Allan Poe’s novels bring readers some te rrifying experience, he cannot go deep in the people’s heart. From this point o f view, we can say that Shi Zhe-cun’s novels have surpassed Edgar Allan Poe’s .
Morality in Oscar Wilde-s THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY has been a long-debated p aradox. On the one hand, the plot of the novel suggests that moral corruption ne cessarily leads to punishment; on the other, Wilde stated explicitly that art is amoral and should only concern itself with the beauty of form. This paper attem pts to reconcile the paradox within the framework of Wilde-s aesthetic philosop hy and discover its inner consistency.
Sarah in THE FRENCH LIEUTENANT-S WOMAN has always been praised as a representative of feminism, but what is ignored is that the reason for her struggle, the way she fights for her female identity and the freedom she has acquired at last are all closely associated with the male. Sarah seems to be an independent woman ahead of her time, but she cannot get away from the influence of patriarchy and achieve the female liberation and freedom in its true sense.
Chinese American woman writer Jade Snow Wong’s FIFTH CHINESE DAUGHTER has arous ed enough controversy. From the analyses in such aspects as the intervention and "rewriting" by white power, selective "usage" and "canonization" by the m ainstream culture, and "negotiation" between Orientalism and feminism, readers can come to the conclusion that Jade Snow Wong’s attitude towards Chinese and western culture cannot be simplified as "whitened" or "Orientalized," becaus e there are functions of many elements such as culture, power, hegemony and ideo logy behind the text.
The paper attempts to further uncover the metaphorical thinking in economic Engl ish language through exploring the collocational behavior of growth and the mapp ing process of the ideational metaphors it embodies. Such investigation has both linguistic and pedagogical significance.
The opinions of English newspapers in Peking & Tientsin had greatly influenced t he diplomacy of Chinese government in the early 20th century. This article analy zes the geographical features, readers, financial sources, and the journalists’ backgrounds to illustrate the political and diplomatic purposes of those Englis h newspapers. The opinion sovereignty of China was greatly damaged due to their free comments. To confront this disadvantage in diplomacy, Chinese government to ok several measures like publishing our own English newspapers, taking advantage of foreign newspapers’ opinions, and restricting the postal system of the fore ign newspapers so that they may be of service to the Chinese diplomacy to a cert ain degree.
NP anaphora exists widely in sports news texts. It has proved that the construction of this linguistic phenomenon follows certain principle. On the basis of some previous researches on sports news texts, the author makes a detailed distribution of anaphora and NP anaphora in sports news texts in order to analyze the cognitive mechanism of NP anaphora construction in this kind of text from the perspective of cognitive linguistics.
Fillmore-s Frame theory believes any frame mentioned can activate its whole cog nitive frame by which the meaning of a certain expression is comprehended. The d ifference between Western and Chinese readers- cultural background endows the f rame with cultural difference. So bearing that in mind, translators should prope rly handle the frame difference in order to activate the similar frame of target language readers. This paper applies the frame theory to the study of translati on, making a tentative analysis to some selected paragraphs of CALL TO ARMS translated by Yang Xianyi and Gladys Yang. Though they pursue the faithfulness o f the core Chinese culture, sometimes they have to make some alterations when tr anslating. It is these alterations that help to properly handle the frame differ ences.
With the trend of globalization, regional innovation capacity has become a key f actor in the process of acquiring international competition advantage. Being an important component, university-s innovation capacity and effectiveness have ga ined more and more attention from all over the world. This paper analyzes Americ an universities- roles such as knowledge producing, knowledge dissemination and innovation efficiency, providing some experience for improving Chinese universi ties- regional innovation capacity.
Higher education philosophy has two different bases: epistemology and politicus. For the selection of new students, epistemology wants purely selection of excel lence but one of the politicus- requests is ensuring the social equity. In real society, the distribution of wealth and elementary and secondary education reso urces are unequal. So the selection of excellence and ensuring the social equity are in contradiction. This paper analyzes this contradiction in detail and puts forward some suggestions.
Leniency bias has a detrimental effect to analysis of indicators- relationships in teaching evaluation. It will distort the statistic results based on the Pear son correlation coefficient. The current paper employed polychoric correlation c oefficient to analyze teaching evaluation data, which has been proved robust and will offer more precise estimate. A non-normal real data sample shows that the re is sufficient difference between estimates of two correlation coefficient est imators. The approach based on polychoric correlation offered better fit indexes to a confirmatory factor analysis.
With the introduction of constructivism notion into information literacy teachin g practice, the author discusses the teaching object and strategy of information literacy teaching in universities and colleges. In order to construct the signi ficance of information literacy education, this article puts forward a way of di viding information literacy into three levels: elementary level, specialized lev el and explorative level, and sets forward three teaching strategies which could be used accordingly, that is, example-driven on-the-spot teaching, resource -driven discoverable teaching, problem-driven exploring teaching.