2009, Vol. 22 No.3
Publication date: 25 September 2009
When we change the precondition for the PLC,we can get two useful new PLC theories, one is PLC based on pure tourists, the other is PLC intervened by human. According to those theories and Shifting Agriculture, it is easy to know that Shifting Tourism Destination is quite important in order to keep sustained growth of tourism.The border of the shifting depends on the capability of touri sm destination or tourist bound profit.
This research examines the relationships between psychological contract types (t ransactional, balanced, and relational) and organizational outcomes (intention t o quit and organizational citizenship behavior targeted at the organiza tion) and the different mechanisms through which psychological contract types in fluence organizational outcomes systematically. We test the hypothesized model u sing structure equation modeling with data from a sample of 454 employees from s everal big cities in China. The results show that transactional psychological co ntract is positively related to intention to quit, balanced psychological contra ct is positively related to organizational citizenship behavior targeted at the organization, and relational psychological contract is negatively related to int ention to quit and positively related to organizational citizenship behavior tar geted at the organization. Furthermore, the results reveal that instrumentality belief mediates the relationship between balanced psychological contract and org anizational citizenship behavior targeted at the organization, and affective com mitment mediates the influence of relational psychological contract on intention to quit and organizational citizenship behavior targeted at the organization.
Input-output analysis is an effective method to analyze the national e conomy quantitatively. The method could be used to research the association rela tionship between different economic sectors and products. Using the method of in put-output analysis, the author adjusts and calculates China's 2002 input-outp ut table, and then analyses the association relationships between civil aviation a nd the other economic sectors. It's the conclusion that as a fundamental industr y, civil aviation industry produces great economic benefits. The pulling effect of the civil aviation industry is higher than the social average standard, and t he promotion effect is lower than the social average standard.
With the opening of China's air transportation market, foreign air car go airlines are marching towards this market on a large scale. Faced with the st rong competition in the air cargo international market, Chinese airlines are bei ng trapped in a difficult situation with the decline in percentage of market sha re and revenue year by year. After analyzing the problems and gaps of Chinese ai r cargo industry as a whole compared with their foreign competitors, and applyin g the strategic innovative theory such as the value innovative strategy, this th esis tries to find a way of sustainable survival and development for companies w ho are in difficulty in the opening environment.
Traditional business process integration procedure includes five main steps which are integration modeling, integration simulation, integration execut ion, integration monitoring and integration optimization. These steps form a clo sed loop which can achieve optimal outcome. Though the procedure has been applie d by some corporations, it still has some limitation in practice. This paper com bines the procedure mentioned above with hierarchical Petri net to introduce a n ew procedure of business process integration which is used to solve the problem of long lifecycle and great expense of the traditional integration procedure. Me anwhile, the paper also focuses on the core step of this integration procedure- business process integration modeling in detail, which will provide theoretical basis for the practice.
The paper is based on IT project development of CNC. It studies the IT outsourcing management in CNC. Based on the analysis of the problems of the IT outsourcing management in CNC, it applies the theory of project management and p roposes an improved approach for the IT outsourcing management in CNC. The propo sed approach is applied to the CNC Fee Management System and the results are ana lyzed. According to the results, the proposed approach is applicable and effecti ve to the CNC Fee Management System. The results could provide a reference to th e enterprise as well as other Chinese telecommunication operating enterprises to improve their IT outsourcing management and to increase the success ratio of th eir IT projects.
This thesis brings forward a set of operable guideline systems to appr aise the performance evaluation of the safe production management in local gover nment on the base of discussing its necessity, significance, directory idea and basic principle. For the purpose of providing a theoretical support and operable project of effectively evaluating the performance of the safe production manage ment in local governments of China, the thesis also makes a deeper exploration a bout a series of problems, such as the acquisition of evaluation data, the distr ibution of power, the validity and the revisal of the evaluation method and the guideline system.
This article carries through the analysis focusing on the two question s: The necessity of the governance of public crisis and the possibility of that. The writer believes that in a risky society accompanied with globalization, the government-centered management pattern has been declined because of the charac t eristics of the public crisis, the compulsion character of traditional governmen tal pattern for crisis and the oneness character of the manager. The transformat ion from traditional governmental crisis management to modern governmental crisi s governance so as to answer the public crisis more scientifically and rationall y. The transition of public crisis governance is not only necessary but also pos sible. And the stake-holder pattern of public crisis governance provides a expl icit manipulation directory for that. That is we must bring the stake-holders' positivity into full play and realize the compound governance.
Anti-Satellite Missile Test has caused many international concerns in recent years. According to the legal theory of lex lata and lex ferenda, the au thor concludes that China's ASAT under the current outer space law is legal and legitimate and causes no international liability, puts forward some suggestions for regulating the space debris in the future, and points out that states may es tablish new rules by their legal acts. The author also suggests that it is neces sary for the international community to clarify further the meaning of "harmful contamination" in the OST.
The space insurance legislation is very important for the healthy deve lopment of the space launch industry. The space insurance legal system consists of the international law and the domestic law, and it includes the space insuran ce category, the contract law and the regulation law. There are many faults in t he current space insurance legislation in China, including the absence of the ba sic space insurance law, the obscure identification on the space insurance, and the absence of other relevant supporting regulations, therefore, this area needs speedy improvement.
While the human society stepped into the new century, due to increasin gly rampant terrorism, ICAO embarked on a new process named the modernization of compensation regime caused by foreign aircrafts to third parties (hereafter ref erred as to Rome convention modernization), and initially forms two draft instru ments. At the same time, the air law experts from the US and Europe attached unp recedented importance to Rome convention modernization, which can be called a si tuation in which a hundred schools of thought contend. The article wholly presen ts a panorama of Rome convention modernization and comments on arguments of the air law experts from the US and Europe. Then the author comes to a conclusion th at a transformation of Rome convention modernization from theory to practice is rugged and suffers many mishaps in its life compared with success of Warsaw conv ention modernization. So politicians shall make full use of flexibility and find a workable proposal which can be accepted by all the parties.
Studies on verbal humor have been made from various perspectives, among which co gnitive mechanism is drawing more and more attention. Based on the classical Inc ongruity Theory, this paper combines modern Semiotics and Conceptual Blending Th eory, and puts forward a new cognitive-semiotic model for cognitive op eration mechanism involved in verbal humor comprehension. In verbal humor compre hension, the recipient interprets the same key concept (signifier) into two diff erent signifieds which are mapped by each other and projected into the blend spa ce. If and only if the recipient perceives the incongruity between the two signi fieds, humor effect can be produced. This paper is not only helpful to the enric hment humor study but also a tentative research from the perspective of Cognitiv e Semiotics.
A Streetcar Named Desire: Interpretation of Subjectivity's Desire through Insan ity LI Ying, DENG Fang (School of Foreign Languages, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautic s, Beijing 100191, China) Abstract: The motif of insanity is held as one of Williams' lifelong themes in h is literary canon. Based on Lacanian interpretation of the interrelationship bet ween Subjectivity and Desire, I mean to make a textual study of Blanche and her typical insanity in A Streetcar Named Desire. Victimized by repressed desire in the civilization, Blanche has been deprived of Subjectivity because of her loss of the Object of desire. Keyword: insanity; desire; subjectivity
Lawrence's profound experience and incisive criticism on dualism of life and lif e paradox of spirit vs. body, material desire vs. belief, instinct vs. mechanize d civilization, bring great shock and enlightenment to art and life. The in-dep th analysis of Lawrence's experience and criticism on life paradox, a deep penet ration into his life fire striking the one-sided life value and life pa radox, of his dispelling of the life paradox by life fire, and of his artistic t hought of life essence revealed during the process of lightening the life fire, all these will make people discover a transcending "unconsciousness" -mode in terpreting Lawrence, and find the art of transcending one-sided life value.
Participation-Model (PM) Didactics emphasizes on trainees' participati on, initiating from NGO training programs in UK. It has been utilized by higher education to enhance students' creativity in western countries since 1990s. It w as introduced into some universities in China in late 1990s. This paper introduc es the practice and pilot research on the author's applying PM Didactics in unde rgraduate education since February 2002. The positive results verify the effecti veness of the didactics on developing undergraduates' creativity and improving t heir professional abilities as well as transferable skills. According to theoret ical analysis and innovative practices summary, we design a unniversal plan for students in different professions, grades and classroom sizes in the current con ditions of China's university teaching, which apply PM Didactics in traditional undergraduate education.
As the age of knowledge-economy comes, the science and technology managing of t he universities and the colleges are faced with new opportunities and challenges . How to realize the innovation of the science and technology managing of the un iversities and the colleges so as to promote a harmonious development of science and technology and the whole society? This is an issue worthy concern of the st uff responsible. This article tries to elaborate the problems in the science and technology managing of the universities and the colleges in the new age and put forward the measures to improve the situation in order to promote the healthy d evelopment of the science and technology managing of the universities and the co lleges.