2010, Vol. 23 No.4
Publication date: 20 August 2010
As an essential factor or key element, the construction of service government has become quite important in modern government-s governance. How to analyse the concept, find out the essence of the service government, demonstrate the source of this doctrine, is particularly important for the construction of China-s service government to provide rich theoretical nourishment and practical experience. Through this logical evolution, it provides a new insights and visions for the Chinese government-s reform and the mechanisms of governance.
This article takes contemporary Japanese street-level bureaucrats as the research object and starts from the characteristics of Japanese bureaucracy-s fusion, incompletion and introduction. It uses the history analysis method, sets up the model of the relationship between street-level bureaucracy and organizations under specific behavior patterns and propound the new administration concept "warning-administration". The article concludes that, by analyzing its characteristic behavior patterns based on Japanese street-level bureaucrats- behavior patterns structure, operation logic, specific approach and existential dilemma, we should strengthen the Chinese street-level public servant system building from three aspects.
In recent years, especially after the Sars,A variety of emergencies increase and we attach more and more importance to study of prevention and countermeasures of emergencies. The emergency management mechanism is coming to being step by step. At the same time, there are still some problems such as making light of "emergency preplan management", deficiency of drill, lack of organization and coordination between departments, inefficiencies in operation and execution of emergency legal system and so on.Established in the features of college and combined the analysis of related laws and the problems about the existing emergency management, This paper Puts forward the suggestion to improve and perfect the colleague emergency management mechanism, including intensifying publicity and education of crisis sense, ensuring acting in close coordination and be well coordinated between departments of emergency management mechanism and enhancing the operability and performability.
In the context that the power of government alone is not enough to deal with fre quent public crises, taking "5·12" Wenchuan earthquake for example, it shows the non-governmental organizations- own characteristics and performance in the earthquake, revealing Chinese non-governmental organizations-s advantages, such as affinity, flexibility, professionalism and fairness, and the handicaps about legal, institutional, financial, cultural aspects in the process of public cris is management. The paper puts forward measures and suggestions to enhance the ef fective participation of non-governmental organizations in public crisis manage ment.
On 8 December, 2008, the Council of the European Union approved an initial draft text of the Code of Conduct for Outer Space Activities. Thereupon, the European Union invited other countries, including China, to give comments on the draft Code. Through an analysis of the text of the document, the author made a proposal for Chinese government to cope with the EU-s consultation request. Taken as a whole, the document has no binding effect to China because of its voluntary nature. However, if revised appropriately, this document could be considered as a memorandum for promoting and implementing UN space treaties and resolutions which will have a due status and constraint force in international law.
The science of air law is gradually becoming an independent department law by progressing from 1979 to 2009 in China. Research in this field has achieved great success with Chinese air industry and air legislation-s expanding in thirty years. But, there is inadequacy in the study of air law, such as inadequate personnel in studying; inadequate methods of studying and inadequate quality achievement in scientific research and content of studying, so we need to work further and double hard, and especially, we should enrich the theory of air law and absorb knowledge of other law disciplines.
Cross-strait relations have experienced ups and downs. On both sides, the legal system has developed along two different tracks. They belong to the same civil law system, but their law systems are two different types. Based on this shortcoming, the author will introduce the international jurisdiction of civil aviation crimes and the jurisdiction of mainland and Taiwan civil aviation crimes. Through elaborating the comparison of the jurisdiction of cross-strait civil aviation crimes, the author proposes solutions of jurisdictional issues.
This paper establishes a gamble model among market maker, informed and uninformed traders using rational expectation idea. It studies the optimal information production cost and market liquidity at the equilibrium and analyzes the affection of endogenous information decision to the information content of price. The paper also manifests that more informed traders can even decrease information content of price under certain circumstances. This implies that it needs comprehensive consideration of every factor in improving the market quality.
Trading behavior in a game of buyers and sellers is not only a stochastic proces s, but also reflects the equilibrium of the existence and consistency. Based on a newsvendor model, the structure of information asymmetry commodity trading mar ket is designed and constructed. According to updating values of information, de finitions of two-stage rational expectation equilibrium are presented and prope rties on the equilibrium condition are analyzed. These findings reveal that payo ff of inventory level in rational expectations equilibrium is larger than in non equilibrium. Finally, a numerical example with normal demand function is analyze d to compute information value with updating information and verify the validity of the rational expectations equilibrium.
Influencing factors of knowledge creation capability from five different aspects are proposed through analyzing process of knowledge creation aimed at promoting the enterprise knowledge creation capability (KCC). Then an analysis method based on fuzzy set theory and fuzzy clustering approach to analyze enterprise KCC is proposed. This method can help organizations extract the key attribute set of influencing factors then deduce the key influencing factors which affect the creation capability mostly. Organizations can adjust their strategies of knowledge management (KM) and knowledge creation according to the analytical result to improve its knowledge creation capability and gain core competence. Finally, an application case is provided to illustrate the application of the presented method.
Based on commutative transform between the process and result of independent innovation, the indexes of this paper are divided into the dynamic parameter layer and the static parameter layer. Each layer is divided into element groups and index gathers. Then the multi-hierarchy indexes evaluation system is established. It introduces the method of SVM, Support Vector Machine to establish the evaluation and predication model in the system. It works by training and verifying the sample gather and the capability of testing sample is predicated.
This paper adopts the Logit model to measure the influential factors of apple growers- intention to participate in contract-farming. The research shows that there is a positive correlation between contract-farming participation and the following factors: the acreage of orchard, quantity of family labor force, whether they have joined in the economic cooperation, whether they have bought fake pesticides in the last three years, unmarketable in 2007 and times that purchasers break the rule. There is a negative correlation between contract-farming participation and other factors, such as average age of trees in the orchard, whether or not there are family members undertaking non-agricultural professions, encountering severe natural disasters in the last three years and the proportion of apple-selling earning in the whole family income. Besides, there is regional difference in the intention to participate in contract-farming of apple growers.
Through the perspective of outsourcing services of original countries, this article first describes the outsourcing services on the basic theory, and makes a qualitative comparative study from the level of the current situation and the characteristics of outsourcing services in China and India. Then, the paper, according to a model of empirical research on service employment-s impact from IT outsourcing to the original countries, draws a conclusion that outsourcing is influenced by the four variables of wages, outsourcing coefficient, foreign investment and outsourcing profit. Finally the article puts forward some rationalization proposals to the development of China-s outsourcing.
With regard to the effect of government debt on household consumption, there is a sharp contrast between the "Keynesian1" view and the "Ricardian" view. Thi s paper uses econometric methods to study the efficiency of positive financial p olicy in China by testing the feasibility of both "Keynesian" and "Ricardian " views on government debt. The findings show that at China-s current stage of economic restructuring, positive financial policy can promote the growth of hous ehold consumption, the Ricardian Equivalence theorem is not tenable, but it stil l has some guiding significance on the control of financial policy and the scale of government debt.
The current situation of environment of China is so severe that serious environm ental pollution accidents have frequently happened. How to hunt for balance betw een protecting victims’ legal rights and making the enterprise more efficiently operated is a hard nut that embarrasses the environmental academia. As an effec tive measure to accelerate the socialization of the liability of compensation fo r environmental tort and solve the dilemma in the remedy for environmental tort, environmental liability insurance legal system appears in time. This article di scusses the construction of legal system, scope of cover, approved organization and operation model to present good suggestions for building environmental liabi lity insurance legal system in China.
With the development of society, GPS skill has gained much success in recent years. It also has a bright future in national economy. The key question of our application of GPS is the non-coodination of the industry development and related service development. This paper sumerizes the progress of customer service quality of GPS enterprises, and constructed a system of index of GPS enterprises customer service quality that adapts to our country. It also applied two methods to evaluate the quality of specified enterprises.
New Criticism has produced a lasting impact and caused enormous response in Western literary theory and criticism. Concerning on the developing period of contemporary Western literary theories, it is evident that some complicated relevance, such as similarity and differences, have been exiting between New Criticism and other schools of literary theory and criticism after it in many ways. Accordingly this thesis not only makes a systematic and multi-dimensional inspection, but also does referent research and interactive explanation on the relatedness of communication and interaction, and inheriting and exceeding between referent research objects from the perspective of deconstruction.
Bingxin not only wrote a lot of excellent masterpieces, but also translated a great number of outstanding works in her life. Through the analysis of her translation, we found that she constantly kept the target readers in her mind and always based her translation on the three principles, namely, faithfulness, expressiveness and beauty. The present paper intends to demonstrate her translation principles by making a detailed analysis of her translation works.
Elizabeth Bishop, one of the most important poets in the twentieth-century American literary world, is recognized as unique mainly for her objective and the "imaginative" images and the detachment in her poetry. This article attempts to study the tension in Elizabeth Bishop-s poetry based on T. S. Eliot-s "Theory of Impersonality" and to draw a conclusion that Bishop-s tension in poetry comes from two aspects: firstly, her objective imagination; secondly, her evasion of emotion through the revelation of "universal truth" and the strategy of surrealism.
The autobiographical novel of Sylvia Plath, THE BELL JAR, is saturated with various novel and unique images. By analyzing these recurring images such as the bell jar, infant and images associated with death from the feminist perspective, this paper intends to disclose the theme implicated in the text: the relentless social reality in which the talented women get lost and broke down mentally under the great pressure of social conventions. It calls on the women who are still living in the stifling atmosphere of the bell jar to take control of their destiny, strive for the equal rights and freedom enjoyed by men, and search for the realization of self-value.
The U.S Military Education Assistance provides education costs for active duty and veterans,which not only solved the veteran allocation but promoted the development of U.S. Military manpower. The method of assistance, the range of assistance and the extent of assistance in U.S are so flexible that it is significant for our serviceman management to do some research.
To explore the effects of task goals on second language interaction, 16 participants were randomly divided into 2 groups and requested to perform a one-way information-gap communication task. One group was informed in advance that they would be asked to conduct another task after completing the present one (actually it was not so). The other group had no such requirement. Results show that participants with a post-task requirement tended to be more concerned about the quality of information exchange. Besides, they were more actively involved and processed information more deeply during task completion.
Based on Bandura-s self-efficacy theory, thi s paper tries to explore the ways of improving our college English teaching, fro m both internal and external causes to enhance students- sense of self-efficac y. This paper holds the view that the internal aspects play a determining role i n students- sense of self-efficacy and the external factors have an impact on students through the internal ones. The joint effort of internal and external fa ctors is conducive to the enhancement of students- self-efficacy and the impro vement of their English learning.
In order to explore English learning motivation and learning strategies used by non-English major upgrading students and their correlation, this paper tries to investigate 129 upgrading students. The main findings are summarized as follows: Instrumental motivation takes a dominant position among non-English major upgrading students and their motivational intensity is not high. Meanwhile, they employ learning strategies at a medium level. Compensation strategies are employed most frequently, and are followed by memory, metacognitive, cognitive, affective and social strategies. There are certain positive correlations between learning motivation and strategies. Motivational orientations and intensity influence the choice and use of learning strategies. The combined effect of motivational intensity, integrative motivation and instrumental motivation is predictive of strategy use. 44.7% of variance in strategy use can be accounted for by the combined effect.
One of the aims of foreign language teaching is to cultivate the students- communication ability. The three cultural introductions, namely the cultural aside, cultural capsules and cultural clusters, are effective methods to achieve this aim. Through the study of the examples in college English teaching, the paper proved that the three cultural introductions can help students to raise their English level and obtain the cross-cultural communication ability.
Translation work is regarded as an important part in college students- graduation project, but its quality is not satisfactory because of the differences in management and the lack of effective evaluation standards. This paper reviews the problems after investigating many universities- experiences. With requirements from the Ministry of Education-s "Quality Engineering for College Education", the quality improvement methods for translation work in our engineering school are introduced.
The article analyzes, from the aspects of social development and competition, the challenges that the foreign languages programs in science and engineering institutes have faced in China-s 30 years- development of reform and opening-up. The article agues that science and engineering institutes should strengthen the discipline construction from the aspects of academic contingent, discipline orientation, discipline achievements, degree programs and professional reference rooms, while maintaining foreign language majors cultivation modes of their own features, both of which shall be managed properly and equally.