2005, Vol. 18 No.1
Publication date: 25 March 2005
This paper introduces the eco-business' function model and discusses the eco-b usiness status in both Japan and China, particularly about Japan's current devel opment of eco-business in terms of its eco-management system (ISO14001) , GNP, eco-labeling, and eco-designing. And we find the necessity to draw on Japan's model for China's eco-business.
In this paper, a waving-consumption model is given about urban and rural consum ption research, which is verified to be reasonable with data. On this basis, thr ough the analysis of China's consumption, the author demonstrates that the under developed rural market is the main crux. To solve the problem, the author puts forward some constructive proposals.
This paper employs an Input-Orientated Data Envelopment Analysis approach to th e efficiency-based evaluation of the performance of Chinese stock commercial ba nks before the entry into WTO. First, we choose ten nationwide stock commercial banks in 2001 as samples, define deposit as input and output respectively, and c alculate the technical efficiency of banks as index to evaluate their performanc e. Then, we decompose the technical efficiency into pure technical efficiency an d scale efficiency, and set the return scale to banks. At the same time, we rank the banks in the sequence of technical efficiency, differentiating the banks wi th best performance from those with relatively poor performance, and analyze the origin of their poor performance. Finally, we discuss the differences with the performance of banks caused by different definitions of deposit and accordingly give a reasonable account.
In this paper, the authors first point out that game players are faced with some risk of decision-making when mixed strategy Nash equilibrium is achieved, and that the risk can not be directly measured with the conventional methods applied in weighing risks of general decision-making because this is the case with a g ame. Therefore, by integrating the expected utility, uncertainty and the absolut e risk aversion coefficient of players, the authors present a new method to meas ure the risk facing the players in a game, on the basis of which the authors dis cuss the effects on the realization of equilibrium in game playing.
With the rapid growth of online transaction, the traditional dynamic pricing mec hanisms have been introduced into online business, which endows dynamic pricing with some new meanings, and dynamic pricing in turn promotes the development of e-commerce. On the basis of the comparison of attributes between dynamic pricin g and static pricing, the paper discusses how internet influences the pricing me chanisms, and looks into the operation status of pricing mechanisms on internet market.
In China, the key point of economic development lies in the promotion of industr ial structure readjustment by means of developing its hi-tech and transforming traditional industries with the applicable technology. This paper, in the viewpo ints of market competition regulation and developmental relationship between ind ustries,analyzes the mechanism of selecting key technologies in industrial stru cture readjustment in terms of a game theory, and reveals some noteworthy aspect s in the process of structural readjustment.
This paper is made up of 4 parts. The first part discusses the establishment of a cooperative relationship. The second part focuses on the stability of cooperat ive relationship. The last part explores the administrative strategies against t he covertly unstable factors in cooperative relationship. The author attempts to reveal 1) it is helpful to the understanding and solving of general problems in cooperative relations to analyze the fundamental elements of cooperation; 2) es pecially in the establishment of cooperative relationship in a new business, the centralized administration is essential to cooperative structures.
Validity is the basic purpose of ISO9000 revision of the 2000 version, which can only be ensured by the sustainable improvement, thus it is the fundam ental of 9000 series standard revision. The paper discusses the sustainable impr ovement and the countermeasures as well as the relevant concepts—remedies, pr eventives and innovation.
The ecological crises essentially reveal a dilemma involving human existence. Th e way out of the predicament is to reform human values of nature and to set up a ppropriate ecological ethic norms by referring to the concrete ecological status , which involves the necessity to dissolve the difference between the fact and v alue, accordingly to act on both the ecological facts and on the fine norms. Thu s, it is not impartial to assert that human interests should always come first, nor is it correct to say that preserving an ecosystem is always more important t han protecting any set of human interests.
The morality of knowledge is the component part of a nation's cultural dispositi on. Raising the concept of intellectuals' morality of knowledge can contribute t o the establishment of a clearer norm in social behavior relevant to knowledge. In this article, the authors discuss the connotation of intellectuals' morality of knowledge and its original relationship with the basic rules of morality. On the basis of these ideas, the authors point out the moral responsibilities commi tted by society, especially to be undertaken by the professional intellectuals i n the creation, transmission and application of knowledge.
This paper introduces the social security system of Macao which is composed of t he Financial Assistance offered by Social Welfare Institute and the Fund of Soci al Security, and therefore performs a structural analyses of the 2 parts. Meanwh ile, the author also does some analysis of the problems or crises concerning the operation of its social security policy.
The conflict of civil jurisdiction between the mainland and Macao is interregion al caused by different legal systems under "one country, two systems", which c an be harmonized by means of unilateral approach, direct negotiation and interr egional agreements. In the process of harmonization, the principle of autonomy o f the will, protecting the legality interests of the parties, adjudicating a cas e only once, the most significant contact and consistence of exclusive jurisdict ion should be followed.
Article 8 of the Amendment III to the Criminal Law of the People's Republic of C hina (Articles 291-1 of the Criminal Law) added a crime, viz. spreading false d angerous substances. Criminal act of this type not only differs from that of spr eading dangerous substances as postulated in Articles 114 & 115 regarding public security, but also differs from that of creating social disorder as postulated in Articles 290&291. Instead, the crime of spreading false dangerous substance c reates a social psychological disorder, in which the spreading acts may either a im at a specific individual or at unspecific persons. Therefore, the nature of t he false dangerous substance ought to be interpreted in terms of its negative si de than positive. If it does not fall into the category of dangerous subst ances, then it ought to be categorized as the false dangerous substance, charact erized with credibleness, a possibility of disrupting the social order and the i mpossibility of creating a real threat to public security.
When giving an account of her own life experience in the novel, Chen Ran express es her desire for maturity both as a female and as a female writer. This paper a ttempts to explore the subject matter of "growth" in Chen Ran's novel with her childhood memory, sexual cognition and re-introspection of her parents as the access points.
The educational systems of academy in ancient China entails abundant resources o f education. Looking into the history, the author attempts to reveal the charact eristics of the ancient systems of educational academy in the perspectives of ac ademic research and innovation, teaching models, and personality education, and seeks their enlightenment on contemporary graduate education.
The "211 Project" set for nation-wide institutions of higher learning has been of the greatest importance ever since the establishment of the nation- s 9th five-year program and therefore drawing world-wide attention. The variou s specific work concerning the project in a university ought to be designed in a holistic way. Applying the strategic designing theory, this paper discusses the fundamental problems with strategic designing and, on the basis of the practice of Beihang University-s "211 Project", put forth some solutions for a univer sity.