2005, Vol. 18 No.4
Publication date: 25 December 2005
Over the years, supply chain management has become the major concern in the circle of management, of which game theory has become the primary theory. This paper makes a brief summary of the main models and research framework of su pply chain game theory and discusses the concerned problems deserving further st udies.
Ant system (AS) is a new Stochastic optimization algorithm achieved by artificialants' releasing pheromone on the path,characterized with a positive feedback,distributed computing, multiagent synergy and parallel algorithm. This paper introduces the theory of AS, AS for TSP, its applications and its recent theoretical development.
his paper introduces a genetic algorithm and its application in index tracking, illustrating the meanings of chromosome, the fitness value parameter in the world of stock market, and designs anapplication scheme of portfolio sel ection, crossbreed, and variation operator. With this algorithm, the authors set up an indexed portfolio by employing Shangzheng180 as benchmark index published by Shanghai Stock Exchange. The experiential study shows that the proposed algo rithm can be used to optimally track the benchmark index of Shangzheng180.
Just as behavioral corporate finance can provide a good explanation fo r the abnormal behavior of corporate financing, behavioral finance can work well with the explanation of the abnormal behavior of the firm's financial decision. The paper points out that the abnormal behavior may have stemmed from either th e investor's or the manager's irrationality, and interprets the core content of behavioral corporate finance in terms of managers' behavior.
This paper, on the basis of the suggestion from successful application of TOC in project resources allocation and the analysis of traditional models o f project risk management, introduces the idea of TOC into project risk manageme nt, and works out a dynamic and circulative risk management model.
The strategy of an enterprise refers to the genera l planning of a long-term development of a company, which, if correct, can put the company in a favorable position in both the harsh competition on the market and the complex social environment. SWOT Matrix analysis is just such an effecti ve method in assessing the development strategies of enterprises. This paper put s forward some suggestions as a result of the practice of SWOT matrix analysis w ith the strategic position of Shenyang Elevator Company.
Ergonomics of manned spaceflight involves such factors as astronauts, manned spacecraft and the flight environment, including not only the studies of physiology, psychology, medicine, but also the studies of system engineering des igning, the environment, communication, math etc. This paper, combining the dome stic and foreign theories with a special interest in NASA's Space Human Factors Program (SHF), makes an ergonomic analysis about the outer cloths of astronaut, computer simulation of activities, and man/information/automation interactions. On the basis of the analysis, the paper puts forward some suggestions as to the improvement the national space engineering.
The history of philosophical thought is the process of philosophical l anguage creation, in which philosophical concepts, lexical content and the ways of expression are incessantly developing. The improvement of philosophical conce pts and categorization on different levels symbolizes the incessant deepening of philosophical thought. Therefore, philosophical language is the basis for t he development of philosophical thought.
Kant and Yang-ming base their transcendental moral philosophy on "freewill" a nd "innate conscience" respectively. They share the similarity in transcendent al basis of moral laws characterized with self-discipline while differing with the ways of forging their moral theory of subject. This paper makes a comparison between the two central concepts to reveal the merits and demerits of each theo ry, aiming at the possibility and necessity of fusion of Chinese with Western ph ilosophies for the purpose of moral constructions of our time.
Christmas in China is a homogeneous culture formed with the Christiani ty preaching, With the reform being furthered, Christmas culture is prospering i n China. Different from the Chinese native culture, Christmas is "the other" con structed by Chinese Christians. In other words, Christmas culture reveals the te ndency that Chinese Christians try to weaken the pressure from "the other shore" with their Chinese boon from their life-world.
A community is the basic unit where social policies are specifically o perated. The weakness of the mobilization of social policy resources is a common problem confronting the general urban society. The community service associatio n of East Huashi Nanli, Chongwen Distrcit of Beijing, in the form of neighborhoo d associations for public service, provides a feasible plane and medium for prom oting the mobilization of social policy resources. This paper makes a case study and summarizes its practice of originality, attempting to provide some insights into the original mobilization strategies of social policy resources on a socia l level.
The Scientific Industrial Association of National Defense is an organi zation of special characteristics developed during the marketing course of China , playing an important part in promoting the establishment of a new system of th e scientific industry of national defense. Therefore, this paper attempts to an alyze the current situation of these organizations, detect their existing proble ms, and provide the corresponding theoretical support for these organizations in the long run.
The statements of the third party infringing credi tor's rights vary from scholar to scholar. This paper attempts to analyze these controversial statements in the perspectives of jurisprudence and economics.
The administrative instance has produced a new challenge for collegian management. In comparison with the management by perfecting the laws, hearing i nstance is an available and the effective way to establish the cosmos of collegi an management, which features its basic legal relations and detailed content an d can work more flexibly at the practical problems with collegian management.
The analysis of language features of the daily discourse and the poeti c discourse in novels by Fang Fang reveals that the familiarization of the daily discourse and the defamiliarization of the poetic discourse are two important t echniques in expression of the world , which are not absolutely contradictory, a nd their contradiction and conversion enriches the language of the novels.
Transferred epithet or hypallage is a common figure of speech in both English and Chinese languages. Transferred epithet, a super-conventional colloc a tion, is composed of a transferred epithet and its new modified object. The logi cally modified object is sometimes presented in the context and sometimes outsid e the context. The semantic conflict between the modifier and the center word is the typical characteristic distinguishing a transferred epithet. The paper expl ores the causes of its formation, the classification of transferred epithet and provides the principles and strategies of transferred epithet translation.
The distinction between short-term working memory and long-term working memory is that the former is capacity-limited while the latter is available to expert s in their domain of expertise. Text comprehension is viewed as expert performan ce, which is the process of psychological representation to the reading contents according to the text and one's own background knowledge, therefore, this paper analyzes the role of long-term working memory in text comprehension with an em phasis on the activation of relevant knowledge in the process and thinks that th e latent semantic analysis (LSA) is used to model knowledge activation through t he relation between words, paragraphs and words and paragraphs.
This paper compares the military training and education of the student s in the institutions of higher learning between China’s Mainland and Taiwan fro m perspectives of the leading thought, legal system, content and form of militar y education. This work has provided reference for reinforcing the construction a nd reform work of national defense education in universities on China's Mainland .
Entrepreneurship education is a new area of research in China. This pa per summarizes the past and the present of entrepreneurship education in respect ively the U.S. and China and makes a comparison of the two. After analyzing the problems with China, the paper makes some suggestions, based on the comparison, about promoting entrepreneurship education in China.
This paper makes an explores into the approaches to enhance the creati vity of graduate students, arguing that the present educational mode can not fol low up with the new demands of social development. Hence the reform based on the characteristic analysis of graduates' creativity in the new era.