2004, Vol. 17 No.1
Publication date: 25 March 2004
China's manned spaceflight draws attention widely in the world, and some countries make a quick response to it. This article discusses the profound influences of China's manned space flight on international relations from five facets.
Benefit is very important to everyone. Reform means to change the redistribution of the benefit social classes owned. Based on modern benefit collision, the article is to put forward the principles and methods of benefit coordination according to the spirit of the 16th national congress of the CPC.
Based on the analysis of the history and essence of the dispute between Confucianism and law, the paper opens out some practical inspirations that we should strengthen the rule by law and, at the same time, enhance the rule by morals in order to meet the requirements of the knowledge economy and the sien-tech development.
Anticipatory selfdefense refers to defensive strikes conducted by a nation before an armed attack occurs against it, which is not in coincidence with the regulation on international law that a nation cannot invoke the right of selfdefense until an armed attack occurs against it. However, the new condition such as the emergence of nuclear weapons and terrorism severely challenges the regulation, under which the anticipatory selfdefense appears to be reasonable. Therefore, anticipatory selfdefense right should be admitted partially and the standards for judging whether a behavior belongs to legal anticipatory selfdefense should be established to avoid abuse.
Private and commercial activities in the outer space have posed challenges in the field of law and policy. The exploding changes and bouncing progresses in space activities promote the development of legal theory. Accordingly, the development of the outer space law, essentially the establishment of the unified international outer space law, has become urgent affairs, and the relevant studies on such courses are imperative as well.
The existence of current-event novels can not be neglected in the Chinese literature history. Current event novels drew the materials from the political events at the time and made bold criticism on social evils, which made them peculiar in novel styles and affected the novel writing development followed. The paper analyses the characteristics of current event novels from four aspects of exposing the crimes of the eunuch party, criticizing the incompetent officials, reproaching the conflicts between civilian and martial officials, and singing the praises of the city residents movements respectively.
This paper analyzes the characteristics of the civil aviation transport industry with the concepts of scale effects, scope effects and network effects, discusses the dynamical features of natural monopoly and competition in the industry according to the demand growth as well as the market development, points out the inevitability of reform about the civil aviation transport industry management by the government and the active effects resulted from the deregulation, and also puts forward some advice for Chinese government (CAAC) on the reform of the industry in the future.
In the increasingly competitive market, the advantages of outsourcing become more and more prominent. Through outsourcing, many companies have got benefits in quality, cost, time and flexibility etc.. The theories of transaction cost and core competency are thought of as the generic bases of outsourcing. This paper has designed a structural model of outsourcing based on the integration of transaction cost theory and core competency concept so as to provide references for managers to make outsourcing decisions. Specially, as the foreign companies turn into de-materialized company, it is the tendency that China's enterprises explode the autarky operation mode and strengthen the core competency as well as utilize outside resources to raise their competitive position.
"Experience economy" is inevitable as the trend of social development. The production pattern that can match experience economy is Mass Customization (MC) based on the user involvement. This paper analyzes the new challenge caused by experience economy, proposes the idea that mass customization based on user involvement will be the main production pattern in the future. A network-based and user involvement-based mass customization model is established.
With regional economy as its starting point, the corresponding index system is proposed in this paper. The economic and social development indexes in four major areas in Beijing from 1993 to 1999 are comprehensively, by means of the principle component analysis based on the data tables indexed by time, analyzed with the growth pole theory, which provides a theoretical gist for non-balanceable development strategy making in Beijing.
Adopting the logistic model, this paper predicts the financial distress of 45 Chinese listed corporations that would suffer deficit according to their own announcements. For comparison, another 45 listed corporations with normal financial status are chosen. The empirical research shows that the logistic model is effect in predicting the financial distress of pre-losing listed corporations in Chinese stock markets.
Some reform measures are being taken in higher education in Germany recently with the aim of raising the standards of higher education and preparing the higher education for international competition. The paper reviews and analyses the original quality assurance mechanism in higher education in Germany, introduces two main reform actions in the current quality assurance mechanism, and then makes a summary of its characters.
The core competence of a university is the impetus resource to build up firstclass university. Fostering core competence of a university is a systematic and comprehensive process which must focus on core priorities, develop university characters, and integrate together rational orientation, exact selection, systematical execution and resource adjusting. Only by this way, can the core competence of universities be established.
With the practice of tuition collection system in higher learning institutions in China and loan program for students in 1997, the operation results of the program is not satisfactory. From the character analysis of students' loans, the paper studies the difficulties students meet when they loan money from the bank and the bottleneck which restrains the loan system development, and puts forward the approaches and strategies to solve these problems.
The paper is to explore the difference in aesthetic consciousness reflected in Chinese classical scenic poems and English romantic poems. By comparing Wang Wei's and Wordsworth's poems, the paper points out that Chinese classical scenic poets take a more objective viewpoint in their presentation of natural scenery and their emotional or intellectual states with little interference with the original forms of things, while English romantic poets lay more stress on the poet's intellectual movement. The paper goes further to explore the evolution of these two types of aesthetic consciousness and find out that, influenced by Taoism and Buddhism, Chinese classical scenic poets conceive man as an integral part of nature and emphasize man's capacity to perceive truth through intuition. English Romanticism, on the other hand, emerges as a reaction against the rationalism of New-classicisim, and therefore most romantic poems reveal an obvious effort to remedy the split between man and nature caused by rationalism.
With the teaching of languages being more and more communication-oriented, the traditional classroom teaching is facing a big challenge. This paper proposes a new teaching idea of the "learner-centered" and analyses its reasons, and also puts forward several methods as to attaining this teaching idea.