2003, Vol. 16 No.S0
Publication date: 25 March 2003
This paper probes into the real-learning thought in Cheng Hao and Cheng Yi's rationalism system. In ontology, Cheng brothers' real-reason is different to Buddhism and Taoist school's empty noumena. In the theory of Gongfu, Cheng brothers maintained the real cultivation of Gongfu, the genuine knowledge of reason through personal investigation of things and practice, and participation in the real affairs of managing state. Cheng brothers thought that study of Confucian classics was close to the original meanings, and Cheng Yi said that study of Confucian classics was real-learning. They affirmed people's basic passion, desire and interest, advocated simple and unadorned style of study. Cheng brothers' thought of real learning is the source of real-learning of the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
This paper sums up the comparative study views on the social policy into four weak creeds, introduces the thinking of weak creeds and analyzes the development in the welfare states, and also discusses the new trends in development of western social policy on the basis of the combination with the globalization process.
The change of era requires the development of the theory of labor value. From the point of view of sticking to the basic principles of Marxism, this article discusses the necessities and urgency of developing the theory of labor value and explicates the meaning of labor and labor types which can create value.
With constant development of times, we should emancipate our thoughts, deepen our understanding of the labor axiology theory, especially that of knowledge labor, reform the income distribution system in our country, improve the income of the general laborers, promote the growth of the middle-income class, optimize the distribution of human resources and emphasize the re-distribution of incomes for the purpose of meeting the demands of socialist market economy, and realize the relative fairness of income distribution.
In the 7th Central committee of CPC, Mao Zedong announced the "Three-principles" to the world for the first time, and took "serve the people heart and soul, work sincerely for the interests of the people" as the core of "Three-principles". After 57 years, in the Jiang Zemin's speech on the Party's 80th anniversary, he announced the "three represents theory", which emphasized that the Communist Party of China represents the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the Chinese people and placed the foundation for the CPC to conquer all kinds of hardships and difficulties, and to make new achievements in the future.
This article discussed how to understand the importance of the reunification realization of the motherland deeply under the guidance of the important thought of ‘Three Represents’. To realize the reunification of the motherland, to create essential external condition for economic development, to offer new motive force and source for the modernization of both sides of the straits are the realistic demand that the Communist Party of China represents for the development of advanced productivity all the time. Also to realize the reunification the inevitable request for new socialism culture with Chinese characteristics is sacred historical mission on behalf of the fundamental interests of the broad masses of China and the Chinese nation's great rejuvenation realization all the time.
This paper analyzes the reasons for the “never grownup” phenomenon of Chinese Public Welfare Foundations, investigates the factors which influence the ineffective supervision of the government and society over foundations, discusses the problems of investments which violated the rules of certain foundations.
The theoretical research of government performance evaluation has become one of the most important themes of pubic administration. The article analyzes the practical value of government performance evaluation on the public nature, democracy, equity consciousness and transparency of the government.
Although the practice of project management (PM) has been with us for a long time, the expression in the public administration of how to manage project has taken place only in the last few years. Today, project management has reached a maturity and will continue to be one of the principal means. There are four attributes of this paper. First is a summarization about PM' philosophy. Second is the essentialities and possibilities to apply PM knowledge to the public administration. Third is function-the effect to apply PM to the public administration. Finally, we must pay all attention to some questions when we take PM to manage the public affaires or public projects.
This article analyzed the management system and its development of the public science & technology in the U.S.A and Britain, stressing on the government S&T management units, the R&D systems, and the transformation of public S&T productions. With the globalization of economy and freefluency of knowledge, science and technology become more and more important in the economic development and social improvement. Thus the status and functions of the government on S&T also changed, in a word, from the main sponsor and executor into activator and advancer.
This article primarily discusses the necessity and the possibility of the compatible development of various theories of value in the period of the economy transformation in China, and points out that it will be an inevitable history process. The complexity of economic reform of China and the difficulties to establish the value theory of socialist economics decide the necessity of the compatible development of various theories of value. The economic structure which includes different forms of ownership system and diverse distribution methods provide a practical social base to and make it possible for such a compatible development, which is based upon market economy and focuses on knowledge economy, and provide an essential theoretical preparation for the construction of the value theory of socialist economics.
This paper analyses the reasons of unbalanced development of East and West in China on the basis of new system economy, and finds out that the key factors for West development lies in its effective system planning. The central and local governments and enterprises should make innovations in system-making, including cultivating competitive market system,accelerating construction of basis facilities,strengthening environment protection,adjusting industrial structure,developing non-state-own economy in West,and accelerating enterprise system reform as well.
With the continuous development of the socialist market economy, some unprecedented phenomena of the relationship between the capital (the internal administrator) and labor (the person who works in the enterprise but without any investment) within the enterprise, particularly the enterprise of non-public ownership, have occurred. For example, conflicts between capital and labor frequently occurred, even strikes. Previous ways to resolve these problems are obviously unsuitable nowadays. Therefore, aiming on providing a train of thought for resolving the practical problems, we put forward, on the experience of Germany, the way to solve the relationship problems between the capital and labor.
The HSE management system is the result of the theoretical development and application on management today. In order to reach the desired efficiency, enterprises should build their cultivation and operation of the system on the adaptability of the system.
The university concept, becoming a topic experts and scholars are very interested in since 1999, is about the basic feature, ideal model, seeking objective and social responsibility of a university, which has experienced an evolutionary process. This paper explores and discusses the formation of the Chinese ancient educational thinking, the origin of modern western concepts of a university and the development of its contemporary ideas, finds out that there are some firm basic connotations in the thought for running a university in every period of time. All of which is similar to the quality education advocated at present. Then, this paper puts forward that the ideas of a university should not be an empty sermon, or a label stuck on in a conspicuous place, but should be combined with quality education to serve the talent fostering.
The teaching contents and curriculum system of the course of Introduction to Mao Zedong Thought, as one of the core courses of the political theory in higher education, plays a tremendous role and has the very important moral education function in the political theory education.
The Queen of Heaven (Mazu) culture is a part of Chinese folk religion between Taiwan Strait. Mazu is the protective goddess who is believed by people between Taiwan Strait. Mazu culture was immigrated from Mainland to Taiwan and cast its influence to Taiwan people. It has already become the contact for Taiwan people to seek their ancestors' culture.