2011, Vol. 24 No.2
Publication date: 25 March 2011
With the methods of literature review and historical analysis, the thesis discussed evolution processes for the research of the comparative pubic administration in developed countries. Based on the development of the stages with the comparative public administration, the thesis analyzed the current situation and the characteristics for the comparative pubic administration research in developed countries, and at the same time, the author summarized some problems and some improvement paths for research of the comparative pubic administration, especially in the USA.
Health policies have played a significant role in attaining good achievements in population health improvement. This paper systematically reviews and analyzes health-related parliamentary actions and law enactments. It is found that the salient feature of the Canadian health system is publicly financed with a single-payer but privately run and that the five founding principles of universality, portability, comprehensiveness, accessibility, and public administration are the key to a successful Canadian health system. This paper pays special attention to what and how China can learn from Canada and what should be avoided against the failures during the current health reform as well.
China is one of the countries which have the most serious natural disasters. Although the government has played an irreplaceable role in the management of natural disaster crises, the pattern of sole government rescues cannot obtain the optimal effect. As an organization coexistent of profitability and public resistance, the state-owned enterprise has the superiority and responsibility in the management of natural disaster crises. Take the model of "Totally Integrated" public administration as the theoretical principle, the paper constructs a frame of government and business cooperation which contains idea, organization, system, process and so on, so as to resolve the problems about Government-enterprise cooperation in disaster emergency management.
It is mainly according to modern emergency management theory and the content of the provisions of relevant laws and regulations, and the factors which will have an impact on enterprises’ performance management of production safety were classified into seven areas: the awareness for safe production and its policy of enterprise managers and staff, the implementation of safe production policies and improvement in its system, the construction of organizations for emergency management in production safety, the input of resources for emergency management in production safety, the improvement of contingency plans for production safety, the capacity of dealing with accidents of production safety emergency, and the loss of production safety accidents. I also marked off the secondary and tertiary indexes, established the system of third class indexes.
In order to obey the obligation of international space treaties and satisfy with the space activities in the Netherlands, the Netherlands Space Activities Act was published in January 2007. This act includes relevant definitions, application of act, license, registry of space objects, redress etc. The Netherlands Space Activities Act is helpful to China’s establishing its own space activities law.
The liability of carriers is the core of the legal issues in international air transportation . In order to protect the growing aviation industry, the 1929 Warsaw Convention adopted fault presumed liability rules and set a low limitation of compensation. The 1999 Montreal Convention has wholly improved overall limitation of compensation, and adopted the strict liability rule, dual gradient liability and set the limit periodic review mechanism, and for the first time provided the advanced payment system. By comparing these two Conventions, we can find helpful implications for improving the relevant provisions in China.
In the practice of international air cargo transport, the freight forwarder is likely to play both the role of traditional agent and that of contracting carrier. The freight forwarder shall not be identified as a traditional agent arbitrarily; the legal status of freight forwarder shall be decided with reference to different factors such as the air waybill, the specific provisions of the contract between the parties, the freight forwarder’s actual performance of the contract, the way of freight forwarder to receive the contract price and the past trade practice between the parties. China-s "Civil Aviation" provides that only public transport enterprise is qualified to play the role of contracting carrier in air cargo transport; such a provision is not conducive to clarifying the actual identity of freight forwarders.
On July 20th, 2010, The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Financial Reform Act) was signed into law by President Barack Obama. The Financial Stability Oversight Council was established according to this new act, and the Financial Stability Oversight Council has a clear statutory mandate that creates for the first time collective accountability for identifying risks and responding to emerging threats to financial stability. China needs to improve a lot on the establishment of such a council and the provision of its duties. This thesis is based on the latest financial reform act and the actual conditions of China, and the authors give some advice accordingly:to establish a rather representative financial stability oversight council, or authorize the responsibilities of financial stability oversight to the current financial oversight coordination mechanism.
The right to birth, as one of the basic human rights, includes the right to abortion. It is great progress to acknowledge the right to abortion in the women’s movement, which is benefit for women to be liberated from the gender role. However, proper restrictions of the right to abortion can promote the development of the right to abortion while inappropriate restrictions of the right can also aggravate or infringe on women’s legitimate interest. This paper analyses the concept of the right to abortion and irrational restrictions of this right in some local regulations. Proper restrictions of the right to abortion are in agreement with the birth control policy in China, but we should pay attention to the principle of proportionality, emphasize particularly on the protection of women’s legitimate interest and apply various measures comprehensively.
The modern history of Chinese culture indicates that the methodological consciousness is the premise and foundation of cultural consciousness. The epistemological way, constructing national spirit by interpreting classics, is circumscribed in methodology. The substance of national spirit is a kind of modernistic cultural reproduction. Taking Marxism’s critique and transcendence to modernistic problems as the mental resource and methodological, and propelling the Sinicization of Marxism is a practical road for establishing national spirit.
There have been confusing phenomena in the present situation of Marxism in China. We have found that there exists a dual structure of "Marxism on platform" and "Marxism in forum". And, there are huge differences between them. In contents and in theory: there are their own traits between the Marxism on platform and the Marxism in forum. This paper tries to seek the common point between them. There come two different interpretations about Marxism. It is the main approach to respond to the real problems in Marxism development. The dual structure of Marxism can be a new perspective to comprehend Marxism.
The critical chain is a new technique that applies the Theory of Constraints to project management. It not only takes into account the activity durations and precedence relations, but also considers resource conflicts among project activities. It stresses the importance of the dynamic management in the process of project implementation and the continuous improvement of the whole project procedure. As a new project scheduling technique, it has aroused many scholars’ concerns and explorations. Based on a critical analysis of the existing literature, this paper sums up three research directions of a technology based on critical chain for project scheduling: how to determine the critical chain, how to determine the size of the buffer and critical chain project management application. Moreover, this paper introduces research process on the three studies in detail. Finally, the paper indicates suggestions for further research.
Flight delay is a public problem in civil aviation industry, and resolving the disputes arising from flight delay has been beyond the control of airlines. To solve the problem, it needs the government and the private sector to work together. In this paper, by analyzing the theory of public issues, we proposed to set sectoral governance institutions of flight delays and introduce the third-party governance corporation of flight delays. As complementary measures of the proposed ideas, we also designed the process and mechanism of economic compensation reserve fund of flight delays.
We use the social network analysis to study the network structure and individual position in employees tacit knowledge transfer in the department of technology application. Then we focus on the effects of some factors about staff on tacit knowledge transfer. The results indicate the network of employees’ tacit knowledge transfer in the department of technology application has weak network cohesion and many workers only play a role of absorbing knowledge, but it has a high efficiency of knowledge transfer. Tacit knowledge transfer happens more often among employees with close friendship, similar working age, different education levels and of high positions. Position has a positive function on knowledge provider’s position. Staff with an extroverted disposition and a short working age learns from more persons.
In order to cope with the international financial crisis, China has proposed the policy that "expanding domestic demand to promote economic development". This article research on the consumption level and structure of rural residents in Gansu Province based on this policy background, obtained that rural residents- consumption of Gansu Province are mainly concentrated in life consumption demand such as food、 living、education and entertainment. With the improvement of quality of life, having the potential demand to medical care and transportation and communication,the consumption structure is gradually tends to rationalize. The key to further expand rural consumer demand lies in increasing rural residents income and improving consumption environment.
The Eternal feminine figures are associated with the Sophia theory popular in Russia during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Soloviev developed Sophia as one theory and poured religious imagination into the eternal feminine subject. Merejkovski carried on this tradition and displayed the eternal feminine idea. He thought the theme has both the divine nature and the phenomenon essence. It is the fusion link of these two parts—Beauty of the human body and Beauty of the spirit, both appearing in the real world. It reflects the writer-s praising for the Holy Spirit and the hope for the idea of love and beauty that can save the world.
HEART OF DARKNESS is a most renowned novella by Joseph Conrad. Scholars have discussed in depth one issue, namely, whether it celebrates imperialism or criticizes colonialism through its major character. However, they have not arrived any agreement. This paper, notwithstanding, argues that the contradictions and uncertainties in the text function efficiently through the Manichean allegories. Through dialectical Manichean reading and the participation of the reader, HEART OF DARKNESS proves more vigorous, complex and meaningful.
With the introduction of the Taoist concept of "non-self" from the angle of life ideals and values, this article sheds light on the literary composition trend of employing natural ways, based on which further analysis is made upon appreciation and translation of THE RED WHEELBARROW while five translated versions of it are taken into account. This analysis consists of three parts: firstly, the original poem takes on a construction pattern of meaningful realm of object prominence with subject hidden, which demands a corresponding method of information concealment in the translated version; secondly, the original poem adopts the measure of contrasting and foiling of image groups, which can be reflected in its translation with simple, natural and static state of image compounding, and thirdly, the metrical structure of the original poem turns out to be artless, and thus the translated version should reproduce the same structure by using the unique Chinese rhymed verses. To sum up, the Taoist concept of "non-self" bears a high degree of significance both in theory and practice for poetic composition, appreciation and translation, and paves a new way for the research of Chinese and western poetry.
On the society ethics, Hardy held the view of meliorism society ethics, which was effected by Darwin-s theory of evolution. He thought that in order to exist in the unchangeable predicament, mankind had to adapt themselves to circumstances, improve the bad relation between the person and the society, and improve the human existence circumstances. His notion of how to adapt to the environment to realize a harmonious relation between mankind and the environment was enlightened by Wessex residents folk society ethics which was embodied from their life style.The folk society ethics perfected the constitution of meliorism . The Wessex folk ethics played an important part in the ethics moral construction of Hardy-s novels.
As an important index, efficiency of scientific research reflects a university-s research capacity. At present, there is a phenomenon of regional imbalance of scientific research efficiency, which has restricted the sustainable development of scientific research. The reasons of uneven development between regional universities are analyzed. The problems caused by uneven development are discussed. And, inspired by EPSCoR program, policy suggestions are provided to promote regional balance in scientific research efficiency of Chinese universities.
Modern industry of France plays an important role in the world in that its unique engineer education pattern is pivotal. Engineer schools pay more attention to the partnership with enterprises through school directorate, in which the enterprises could participate in the school management. An engineer school could select some part-time teachers from famous enterprises to teach its students, get some research projects and provide continuous education for the enterprise employees. On the other hand, the enterprises focus on the collaboration with engineer schools by providing enough internship opportunities for the students, taking on some curriculum education and donating some educational apparatus. This tight school-enterprise cooperation boosts the advancement of engineer training and enterprise development.
With the gradual development of web courses in colleges and universities, the attitudes of both students and teachers towards web courses are changing from curiosity to disappointment and even discontent. This paper tries to describe a case study of actual teaching with the aim to search for ways of removing the defects of web courses——lack of interactivity and affective communication between students and students, students and teachers, and to fully exert its function of individualized study. It also tries to explore satisfying tactics of language teaching that will eventually benefit both students and teachers in their classroom activities.
In order to assess the effectiveness and identify the problems of secondary education, position the curriculum designed for undergraduates as well as provide rationality for the undergoing teaching reform, the School of English and International Studies of Beijing Foreign Studies University conducted a comprehensive survey on the English majors of 2008 entry. The research on the writing competence of the freshmen suggests that students from foreign language schools outperform those not from foreign language schools in the writing test and that the difference in writing scores has achieved statistical importance. So first-year and second-year writing classes should focus on helping students with their range of vocabulary and sentence variety, cohesion and coherence, as well as critical thinking skills.
"Signal and Measurement Technology" is a specialized foundation course for all undergraduate students in the School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering. It covers a wide range of knowledge and has comprehensive and distinguishing engineering characteristics. This paper discusses the existing problems in teaching and aims at strengthening the quality cultivation of undergraduates. The reforming measures and achievements are presented and further direction is investigated to promote quality education so as to improve the sense of creation and the cooperation spirit.
Based on qualitative research, this paper discussed the domestic and foreign university library ISO900 certification status, the feasibility and importance of the ISO9000 standard to implement in the university library, pointed out some possible obstacles and recommendations, and at the same time, gave the university libraries some options of the introduction of ISO9000 standard, the implementation of programs and certification of several general procedures.
Process management ensures the optimal outcome by optimal process, through process control and continuous improvement. The process concept and methods will be introduced to the management of inter-collegiate horizontal research projects. The paper argues that the current flow has some defects, lacks effective monitoring of the project implementation process, and is weak on protecting project results and so on, and then suggests ways to optimize the design of the existing processes, proposes specific measures and optimization analysis.