2011, Vol. 24 No.4
Publication date: 25 July 2011
The Whole of Government theory promotes the holistic governance, horizontal and longitudinal collaboration, multi-parts attendance and cooperation. The essay analyzes current problems in our environmental governance process through a typical case, such as: decentralized objectives, unreasonable organizational setup, lacking of cross-area institutions, shortage of public participation, deficiency of the cooperative relationship between government and the enterprises and social groups, as well as problems of incomplete laws and regulation systems of environmental protection. It is a new vision to solve these problems by using the whole of government theory. In the end, the thesis gives some solutions for our environmental governance according to Chinese national conditions, including enhancing the construction of cross-area agencies, uniting objectives and increasing multi-directional cooperation among departments, setting up a collaborative relationship between government and enterprises, encouraging participations from public and social organizations, increasing the utilization of modern internet and information science, and reinforcing systems of laws and regulations.
The operation of public authority system should not only solve its reality, but also the rationality. In this paper, the author takes the case of the operation of public authority of water management in grass-roots communities in Shanxi Province during Ming-Qing Dynasty, proposes a comprehensive review of the rationality of public authority in the traditional village communities. The paper expands from three aspects: practical logic of public authority in the traditional rural communities, relationship between the public authority and the water rights, the provision of value identification for the public space.
Adopting a resource perspective, This study take Greener Beijing and Beijing Center for Legal Assistant to Pollution Victims for Example to explore the micro-participation of Environmental NGOs(ENGOs) in Beijing. There are some features of the participation. First, what kinds of resource do the ENGOs have influence the composition of participants. Second, actors who have specific resource among middle urban intellectual group play a crucial role. Third, ENGOs that have internet resources prefer to participate in environmental education, that have professional knowledge prefer to influence the government policies by formal and institutional channels. And fourth, ENGOs that have internet resource have more participants. The last but not the least, in the level of main supporters inside an ENGO, one that has internet resource has higher points of participating depth.
Having the advantages of speed,efficiency and fewer restrictions of geographic space in disposing of various emergency processes, aviation emergency rescue is the most effective emergency rescue means and widely used in many developed countries, and it is the best emergency rescue force to be promoted in China. In the next five years, further strengthening of the hard power of low-flying open air reinforcements should be on the agenda of governments at all levels.
School emergencies are of special nature and type, therefore the resolution of this kind of emergencies have to be based on these features. The current emergency mechanism has some problems, so we should ameliorate this mechanism from the following aspects: plural form of collaboration, public opinion on the Internet and the transfer of information of emergencies, plan making for Emergencies, psychological support and intervention mechanism for students, accountability of school emergencies etc. The amelioration of school emergency mechanism will be ultimately presented by legitimatizing all of these applicable mechanisms for tackling the emergencies in schools.
The shortage of earth-s resources is becoming increasingly prominent, therefore, the moon has been studied and explored for its rich resources and near-earth nature. However, there is still not a comprehensive, uniform and binding legal framework in the international society. The paper cited the existing legal systems for the development of international public resources and moon resources. Moreover, it proposed that in the construction of the new legal system, different emphases in different phases of moon development should be fully considered. In the prophase, the Moon Development Authority should be a choice for the management of moon development activities; during the medium term, "the common heritage of intelligent beings in the universe principle," "the principle of Non-Military" and "the principle of environmental protection" should be consolidated and supported; in the post-development period, a compensation mechanism named Moon Development Fund Committee should be adopted to ensure the risks to be shouldered by space countries together. .
This article gives an analysis on the legal issues related to the satellite collision event between the U.S.A. and Russia, including claim of compensation, space debris and outer space safety rules. The author considers that the fault liability provided by the Liability Convention shall be replaced by the absolute liability, outer space environment pollution caused by space debris shall be defined as an independent type of legal liability and outer space safety rules shall be established within the international community, making safe exploration of outer space a fundamental principle, like peaceful use, of international outer space law.
Nowadays, airport noise pollution is serious in China. One of the reasons accounting for this situation is that there are many deficiencies in related legislations, resulting in lack of adequate legal basis in abatement of airport noise. Therefore, in order to control airport noise, the most important thing to do is to arrange existing regulations and establish the legal system of airport noise abatement, using the experience of other countries for reference and combining our national conditions. The legal system of airport noise abatement consists of fundamental principals, basic systems and supporting regulations. Some basic systems, such as making reasonable plan system, airport noise monitoring system, charging for airport noise system and so on, should be established and perfected at first.
In ancient times, there was close legal culture communication between China and Europe. Most ancient Chinese official historical documents recorded ancient Roman customs and political, legal institution and other conditions of ancient Roman. Since the Two Han dynasties to theTang and the Song dynasties, there were numerous communicating channels between Chinese Legal System and Ancient Roman Law. Though, so far we cannot find out direct evidence of Ancient Roman Law being introduced to China and there is no information indicating that ancient Chinese law books had been spread to the West, however, according to those numerous "coincidences" between Chinese Legal System and Roman Law, I believe those "coincidences" are not accidental but the results of these two side’s interflows.
As far as the scope of cases of criminal reconciliation is concerned, there exist a number of standards, among which main points of a case and the degree of seriousness of the cases are most widely used. No matter what standard is adopted, the basis for criminal reconciliation should be grasped, and the possibility of criminal reconciliation in the specific cases attaches importance. According to the standard of main points of a case, the possibility of criminal reconciliation can be excluded in some types of cases, and the degree of seriousness of the cases should not be the standard for excluding the application of criminal reconciliation in felony cases.
The institute of informed consent originated in America, and is accepted in some jurisprudences. Before the Chinese Tort Law is promulgated, this institute is accepted in regulations, which also is the result of comparative law. Informed consent includes two elements, namely, physician’s duty to inform and consent by patient or his family. The physician should take fault liability when he has not fulfilled the duty, which protects the rights of privacy, health or life, of the patient. And the hospital in which the physician works, should also take vicarious liability.
Sartre had been studying his philosophy of existentialism on "people" to show us his human rights theory. Based on the philosophy of Sartre-s existential study, we, firstly, introduce the basis of his human rights mainly from the perspective of theory and practice; secondly, give a more detailed knowledge about his human rights from four aspects: the "Unified in one world", "human freedom", "man of ethics and responsibility" and "human liberation"; thirdly, discuss his ideas of human rights from both positive and negative thoughts, and lastly, explore the values of Sartre-s human rights on building of Marxist human rights and socialist human rights with Chinese characteristics.
By using the method of historical materialism and starting from the human practic, Marx establishes the domain of social divisions scientifically, gives a demonstration of the inevitability and the rationality of social divisions, divides the historical phases of the social division development and elaborates the great effect of social division on the development of society and human race. We should understand the theory fully and correctly because it is significant both in theory and reality to implement the scientific concept of development, to build a harmonious society, and to promote an all-round development of the human race.
In order to objectively and accurately evaluate the efficiency of airport operations, based on Back Propagation (BP) neural network in a single comprehensive evaluation method and gray correlation analysis evaluation method, the evaluation of the value of the minimum variance portfolio of airport operational efficiency evaluation method proposed in this paper. At firstly, the denotation of airport operation efficiency, and a evaluation index system of airport operation efficiency was built, in which the weight s of evaluation indices were determined by combination analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and entropy method. Analysis result indicates that the system is reasonable, the method can apply to the evaluation problem of airport operation efficiency, the evaluation result can reflect the general level of every county objectively, and the relevant authorities of airport can improve its operation efficiency exactly according to the result.
At present, China-s cost management lags far behind foreign countries, especially in the cost estimation information system. Based on Radial basis function neural network nonlinear model, the paper selected ordinary commercial civil engineering data in the 2003-2007 years as samples; chose project cost indicators of the main commercial buildings, and examined the cost prices. The results show that the method meets the requirements in the precision. Compared with other methods, it has the advantage of speed and generalization ability。The method provides project managers a better basis for decision making.
A simplified method of VPCA was raised by Cazes P. The proposed method eliminates large amounts of redundant computation by calculating correlation matrix of the vertices matrix directly. A comparison study of VPCA and the simplified method shows that the two methods lead to the same results. However, the simplified method has higher speed and smaller occupied-space. An empirical analysis verified the conclusion of theoretical analysis.
In the 1950s and 1960s Freudianism was so popular in USA that it became an integral part of American life style. Confessional poets were willing to use psychoanalysis as a tool to analyze their egos, sometimes they even wrote poems in a psychoanalytical pattern.
Roland Barthes- writing theories characterized by deconstruction and sentence of "the author-s death"make the language of the conventional literature return to itself, and the author-s discourse hegemony shattered. The fragmental writing Barthes advocated also makes the conventional literary forms tend to disappear. These prophetic theories have been magically confirmed and practiced in the online literature of the hypertext today, which has great reference significance to the development of the contemporary literary theory.
"Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" is one of Oates-s most famous short stories. Analyzing the short story from the perspective of Daniel Bell-s theory of modernism, this paper argues that as the protagonist of this short story, Connie-s life experience reflects the features and crisis of modernism, and manifests the transition from modernism to post-modernism. Thus, this short story is an allegory of modernism.
Based on the dual process theory of conceptual combination, the paper studied the cognitive mechanisms of noun1-noun2 modifier-head constructions. We pointed out that both relation linking and property mapping play important roles in the conceptions integration. Furthermore, the paper explained ambiguities in the related noun1-noun2 modifier-head constructions in terms of conceptual combination.
Based on our study of the cross-disciplinary education model in American universities, this paper further investigates its features of language study and culture education. Through an analysis of its "applied language studies" and "American Culture Courses", these two program-oriented fields have some typical features: 1) disciplinary and educational breadth in the curriculum; 2) cooperation and openness in the courses and programs; 3) addition of theoretical elements in applied studies; 4) a combination of speciality elements into the culture courses. All these features may tend to be of significance in our relevant cross-disciplinary construction.
Its system engineering to promoting the core competitiveness of colleges, and the performance appraisal as one of the most effective means of scientific management system is valid. This paper summarized means of performance appraisal, analyzed the method of Key Performance Indicator (KPI) in detail. Moreover, the key issues to structuring performance appraisal index system of departments were studied, and a KPI system was newly developed for disciplinary development, nurturance, scientific research, teacher development, international communication, and its design idea, architecture and procedure were described in derail.
According to the teaching objectives and nature of the course described in The Teaching Requirements of CE Course by the Ministry of Education, the authors attempt to introduce the Chinese-English cultural contrasts into English language teaching and make an empirical study on the basis of current theoretical studies about the relationship between culture and language skills. The statistics show that the introduction to the contrasts as a learning task agrees with learners- needs and can significantly foster their language skills (reading and writing), self-evaluation about language skills, autonomy, sense of cultural differences and interest in learning. Moreover, the authors make a discussion about the mistakes in understanding cultural introduction into CE teaching and in language acquisition environment, the probability of mutual promotion between input and output, and negative transfers of factors from the two cultures in communication.