2011, Vol. 24 No.5
Publication date: 25 September 2011
With the development of internet, it is becoming a mainstream for the public to use the internet to participate in political activities and conduct accountability. The process of Public Accountability on the internet includes: exposure online, public participation, information collection, truth revelation, pressure accumulation and eventually result. To guarantee the process to be successful, there are some required elements, active public participation, friendly internet environment, freedom to publicize necessary information and strong and robust system of accountability.
The restructure of government institutions of China entered a new historical era. According to past experience, the restructure should take promoting government-s efficiency as the goal. Based on "good governance" theory, it needs to strengthen the "good government" capacity and promote the development of civil society, which contains "the third sector" and citizen participation.
Nowadays, socialist market economy and the city develop quickly. In the process of industrialization and urbanization, there exists in a series of urban problems, the highlight in the public areas of the city makes social resource allocation is a lack of fairness and justice. To improve the urban public resources configuration, we need to reform the definition of household registration, construct public welfare-oriented government mechanism and fight against corruption. All these effort means to build an equal environment, to solve the conflicts in the city. Only in this way, we can promote the public interest and lead a better life.
On Friday 11 March 2011, a terrible earthquake which caused extensive and severe structural damage occurred off the coast of Japan. During the whole period of struggling to the sudden disaster, what impressed us most is the order and the speediness of the Japanese citizens. Based on our research, we can draw a conclusion that the order of the Japanese society when they are faced with a disaster can be attributed to the Japanese emergency management mechanism which encourages management participator diversity. For it focuses on preventing system buildings, pays attention to integrating emergency management systems in different regions and hierarchies, and takes in emergency management capabilities construction in villages' level seriously, the system can perfectly perform the function of prevention and emergency. This paper discusses quite some areas from which China can learn.
As one of the main parts of the participation mechanism in the public emergency management system, media become more and more important. Looking back the accident of flooded Wangjialing Coal Mine and the follow-ups, we can see the participation of media. In the public emergency management system, the functions of media participation have effected on the public emergency management. However, there are some dilemmas for media. Reflecting the problems from the two dimensions of the media and the governments and some else, we should choose proper means to participate in the public emergency management system better.
The legal system of civil aviation is an integral part of China-s socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics. At present, there are some disharmonious factors such as conflict and absence in the legal system of civil aviation, which is contradictory to its pursuit of the value of harmony. Under the guidance of the concept of harmony, the perfection of the legal system of civil aviation is not only a theoretical issue, but also has great practical significance.
UNIDROIT is drafting the Protocol to the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment on Matters Specific to Space Assets, so as to regulate the space assets finance in the forms of title retention, asset-backed security or lease. Although discussing for ten years, participants are disputing on the definition and scope of space assets, the limitations on default remedies for space assets that provide public service, and the relationship between the protocol and the UN outer space treaties. Delaying the lawmaking process, these disputes explicitly reflect the game play of the states on the one hand, and the conflicting interests between the creditor and the state on the other hand. China has participated in the drafting work actively. However, China-s substantive and procedural rules regulating the satellite industry are far from the need of space commercialization.
Satellite navigation is closely related to a country-s national security, as well as social and economic development, and involves complex international law issues. But due to the great conflict between the countries-interests and standpoints, there is no specific and legally binding international norm to regulate satellite navigation activities. This is also the main reason that such problems cannot be solved effectively. Nowadays, China is constructing the Beidou satellite navigation system, and plans to establish a civil satellite navigation industry. But the relating domestic legislation doesn-t keep pace with the development of satellite navigation technology and its application, so needs to be perfected.
The archive ownership is refer to the archive properties rights of possessing, accessing, proceeds and disposition by the archive owner judicially. The right of archive possessing means the preserving institution possesses the archives in fact. Opening archives to society is the important content of the archives accessing and the archives user gains the biggest benefit. The nation gives up the proceeds right of national archive property. The national archives have the rights just as archives opening to society, publication, appraisal, destruction and selling by the law. The archive ownership is the law foundation of the archives accessing legality and the important reference of the national archives resources collocating rationality.
Expected possibility theory has solid philosophical and legal theoretical basis which has great interests in the aspects of human nature, restrained principle of criminal law and the function of penalty. However, this theory may also constitute potential hazard to the principle of legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime, and has high quality requirements of the judges, and relies much more on a perfect matching legal system. Based on these perspectives, the introduction of this theory should be cautious.It should not be applied until it has a clear position in the system of Constitution of Crime in China as well as the set of approprate procedural guarantee.
The construction of rule of law in China is in dilemma and has caused much criticism and reflection on the topic of legal transplantation. The point of legal pluralism and culture pluralism holds that the law is one part of the society and legal transplantation won't succeed at all. Another theory points out that legal system has selective connectivity with other social systems, the relation of the law and other social systems is structure coupling. It is possible to make legal transplantation. The legal system of the nation which makes legal transplantation also has heavy impact on legal transplantation. The legal transplantation in China has two levels, the relation of these two levels is very complex, but the second level is more important.
The studies movement in the winter of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region During the Anti-Japanese War originated from people-s willingness to accept the ideology of the Chinese Communists and Marxist theory. To examin the movement in the vision of popularization of Marxism, the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region-s Winter School movement itself adapted to the requirements of the Marxist popularity. As a result, it promoted the popularization of Marxism to a great extent. It is of great reference to summarize their experience in promoting the popularization of contemporary Marxism.
Heidegger thought about the fators which dominate modern science-s essence. His thought cover three points. First, science have technological essence and it is technology-s typical function and form. Second, metaphysics-s representative thought mode is modern science-s basis. Third, Being itself is the thing pervading in science-s essence. Heidegger thought this for returning the foudatation and starting the new, in other words, for returning the primary Being and reaching the Being itself.
In order to accurately and objectively evaluate the effectiveness of training system of large enterprises, combines analytic hierarchy process(AHP) and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation(FCE) method to construct the training system effectiveness evaluation model, then uses the evaluation model to evaluate three large enterprises-training system of Sinopec, Capital airport, Taikang Life. The evaluation results can objectively reflect present status of large enterprises-training system. it can be found that large enterprises not only have advantages of good training organization system and rich training resources, but also have deficiencies and problems, for instance, training system coordination degree is still insufficient; information platform function yet needs to be improved ;assessment level is not deep enough ;software construction is neglected and so on.
Based on VAR model, this paper utilizes the function of impulse response and variance decomposition to make a quantitative empirical analysis over the 30 years-revolutionary data in Jiang Xi province. It establishes the long term balanced relationship between primary industrial structure and economic growth. Furthermore, adjustment in primary industrial structure significantly enhances economy. Although there exists short term laps, reflection of economic growth towards adjustment of primary industrial structure proves to be sensitive.
The representative writers and works in different periods of American prison literature and their features as well as influences are summarized and introduced in this paper, which argues that American prison literature originated in the Colonial Period, and developed through the ensuing historical periods to become an important part of American literature, till it matured during two world wars and achieved great accomplishment in the turbulent American society of 1960s and 1970s. Through the brief retrospection and study of the history of American prison literature, the paper shows that prison literature of a nation always echoes the changes of the society, embodies the struggle of the lowest social stratum, and mirrors the progress and pain of a nation's history.
During the period in which the British economy transformed from agriculturalism to mercantilism, the relativism of human value gradually became the main trend by replacing the traditional monistic value. In Julius Caesar, both Brutus and the Roman mob lost their unified outlook of value and the standard of judgement, therefore becoming the victims of a series of tragic events. By revealing the tragic fates of Brutus and the Roman mob, Shakespeare criticizes the British people's change in the outlook of value during the social transformation.
From the perspective of Polysystem Theory, we put the translation of children-s literature in the general circumstance of social culture and find that children-s literature is on the margin of the literary system. The marginality causes a lot of constraints in writing and translation for children; however, the transference of the models between children-s literary system and adults-literary system helps to invent a new type of model which proves to be a success.
In pragmatic terms, advertisement is viewed as a uni-directional, public and goal-oriented communication between the advertisement producer and the audience, aiming to offer information and persuade the consumers into taking action to purchase the publicized products or services. On the basis of elaboration of the stylistic features of advertisement English, the paper analyzes specific examples according to tripartite speech act theory proposed by Austin and indirect speech act theory advanced by Searle, and thus provides a pragmatic perspective for advertisement discourse analysis and advertisement translation.
The website size, content and forms of universities show the information transparency consciousness, service consciousness and academic-based consciousness in school management. By probing into the websites of top 20 universities of China and the West in Spanish Webometrics Ranking, this paper compares the relative statistical data which depict the gap between Chinese universities and their American counterparts to reflect the cultural differences. And lastly, the paper concludes that the different circumstances result in the difference in sharing awareness, management and service function.
The experimental teaching is one of the main parts of teaching process of the course of digital signal processing. For the limitations of the traditional teaching methods, the basic reformation idea is given and the hierarchical model of experimental teaching is proposed in the paper. In the hierarchical model, the conceptual verification experiments, the knowledge-orientated experiments, and the engineering application-orientated experiments are clarified in difference layers. Those experiments can also be clarified into two classes: the experiments needed to be done and those selected to be done. The teaching approaches proposed in this paper were practiced and some better results were obtained.
The income redistribution effect promoted the integration of the social interests. The development of charity organizations enhanced the awareness of citizenship and the social autonomy. The social donation can increase the students' financial assistance, advance fair higher education opportunities to enroll, and promote the development of the universities. At the same time, universities-autonomy become possible owing to the social participation in governance.
Many higher eductions have established experimental classes sticking to their school characteristics to explore training mode for innovation-oriented research talents since 1980s. And they gather more experiences. The School of Economics & Management in Beihang University examines their achievements and problems under the current conditions. Then he have made preparations for experimental class and establish it taking advantage of his academic research. Finally, he sets up the constructing ideas about this experimental class in the aspects of educational objectives, selecting their students-source, training mode and school-running mode and so on.