2012, Vol. 25 No.1
Publication date: 25 January 2012
A strong coordination mechanism is the institutional safeguard of the development of voluntary service. Based on the analysis of three local coordination mechanism patterns of volunteering in China, the paper argues that the optimal choice of coordination mechanism for voluntary service is creating a coordination mechanism for volunteering which integrates the inter-departmental committee pattern and the Volunteers Association pattern. The direction of Optimizing coordination mechanism for voluntary service is transforming the Volunteer Association from the government selection pattern into the social selection pattern.
From the perspective of public policy,the article researches about the rural social pension insurance, and it takes village A of western of Fujian as an example and analyzes the main reason of the problems caused during the process of the social pension insurance policy. It analyzes the reasons such as low socialization of the Rural Social Pension, low participation rate and imperfect rural social pension insurance system. Then it aims to find some measures from the aspects such as developing the rural economic, promoting the publicity of the policy and establishing and strengthening the system to reduce the obstructions.
This paper will introduce and discuss some problems on water pollution control of the Taihu Lake, and try to give explanations and suggestions under a study framework on balance of interests. The author will mainly discuss the rights and obligations between the enterprises and citizens during the process of water pollution control, and analyze the imbalance of interest setup from three separate perspectives, corporate interest, citizen interest, and public policy preferences. On this basis, the third part of this paper will give explanations on the reasons of that imbalance of interest setup in terms of public administration, such as GDP government's performance evaluation and obstacles to implementing and enforcing environmental laws, etc. It is vital to rebuild the interest coordination mechanism by implementing a scientific outlook on development, guaranteeing the basic rights of citizens, encouraging public participation, etc.
Social crisis governance can not just be the government responsibility because of the universal threat and complexity of mordern crisis. It was put a complicated relation network together by the inter-government, inter-enterprise, people-to-people, and interactions of them. According to social capital theory perspective, there is a natural logicality and internal relevance between the social crisis governance and social capital, which plays a significant role in promotion or restriction to achieve the governance goals. Therefore, during the process of social crisis governance, we can construct the mode of "new separation of powers", whose nature is "government - society – citizens" by encouraging broad participation, training general trust, promoting the overall recognition, improving the system of norms, and other ways to upgrade the stock of social capital, which in order to enhance the good communication and cooperation of the government, the community, and citizens,and then to achieve effective governance of social crisis.
The high incidence of drug accident causes great attentions in community. Based on China's national conditions, extracts the main aspects of drug accident types, and then builds a generalized empirical fuzzy group decision method based on trapezoidal fuzzy number to analyze the severity sort of China's drug accident types. The results indicate that the weights of different respondents in the same area affect the severity sort of drug accidents types, while the regional differences play a major role; then the final result indicates that the severity sort of China's drug accident types is traceability system, transaction mode, sampling system, pharmacovigilance, licensing system and emergence management.
Government image is playing an increasingly important role as an invisible political resource in the contemporary governance. During the process of public relations crisis, government conduct will have a more profound impact on creating a favorable image of the government. Chile government has carried out a series of management practices to deal with the mine crisis, and this article described the practices at four stages. Based on the analysis, this study suggests that the Chile government has taken a series of effective measures to create a favorable image of the government. It is hoped that these advanced measures will be of use as a source of reference in the image creating of the Chinese government in public relations crisis.
The international mechanism established in Cold War is not enough to manage the issues of space security, which are increasing prominent. In order to govern space security dilemma, UN should pay positive roles in promoting fair and responsible use of space. At present, the Code of Conduct for Space which emerges in internatinoal practice, seems the only means dealing with the dilemma.
Behavior of airline mergers in recent years become more frequent, whether the airline's merger behavior should be regulated by Untitrust Law or not, it decides by the combined effect and if it can be exempted, this article make a comparative study of china Antitrust Law and the American and European countries or regions' law on airline mergers about this act's effect of evaluation criteria, the exemption system and the extraterritorial application of specific provisions. It expounds China law has some defects that is not strong operational presence on airline mergers and dose not have a clearly defined on the relevant market and public interest, proposed a corresponding improvement of airline mergers involving the definition of the relevant market and airline mergers and exemption system.
The 2010 Diplomatic Conference on Aviation Security held at Beijing. The Commission of the Whole approved the text of Convention on the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Relating to International Civil Aviation and Protocol Supplementary to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft. From the aspects of substantive law and procedure law, the two documents strengthen and improve the existing legal system of international aviation security, intensify the combat against terrorist activities and promote international anti-terrorism cooperation. Meanwhile corresponding provisions should be made to deal with the issues of conflicts of jurisdictions and revision procedure.
In recent years, legal experts' opinion papers have been increasingly growing, and have had certain effect on the judicial trial. However, they are neither the testimony of witnesses nor conclusions, and are also different from the defence and the agent word. It lies inside the area of theoretical explanation. It will help protect the legitimate interests of the "vulnerable", and contributes to the justice and democracy. From the comparative law perspective, taking example by the "amicus curiae" system in the United States, we need to give it the right position in legislation, clear the subject qualification, and specify the main body to invite, burden of expense, and the interests of the parties. The legal experts could only comment on the application of law, but not the legal facts.
Conflict of interests may also emerging in Charitable Foundations. Therefore, it is important to enhance the regulations of charitable foundations. America classifies the foundations into two categories: the private foundation and the public charity. Compared with America, the relative regulations in our country is not so perfect. The regulations such as classification of foundations, making-sure the self-dealing, audit are not enough. In consequence, heaps of loopholes emerge. Therefore, to learn from America and complete the relative legislation is important.
As an important penalty used by EC Commission in Cartel cases, Fining policy is developed quickly in past years and established its own operation system especially during the modernization of EC Competition Law in 2004. The present fine policy system further increases the clearness and transparence of the specific criteria of fine, clarifies the conditions and procedure, strengthens the determinacy and anticipation of fine policy thereby boosting its deterrent effect. Coupled with some other methods for immunity or a reduced fine, fine policy constitute the most efficient weapon in the Commission's armory to fight Cartels.
Community is one of important political philosophy theories of Marx. And it's the key for our understanding the significance of Marx's community theory to explore the source of theory. Feuerbach nearly overcame the contradiction of philosophy of consciousness by the principle of sensibility objectivity. However, Marx completely changed the tradition of speculative philosophy and transformed the principle of sensibility objectivity into sensibility practice, which is the reality approach to the real community.
Marx's writing of Critique of Hegel's Philosophy is accompanied with the excerpting of Kreuznach Notebooks concentrating on political theory and history, which divide Critique into two different part—the latter half has surpassed the first half in theoretical level. In other words, due to Notebooks' historical investigation, the latter half of Critique has contained the embryonic form of "Tripartite-Social-Formation-Theory", which lays its emphasis on the significance of individual freedom and has not gained its complete development and clear expounding until Outline of Critique of Political Economy.
Based on the classical problem of project management continuous improvement, a continuous improvement model of project management maturity was constructed. Upper-side and down-side nearness were put up based on fuzzy theory, and was used to measure the matching of strategy equilibrium. A crisp transformation was implemented based on possibility theory. Genetic algorithm was presented to solve the model, through development of Path Relinking (PR), which get the better solution. Simulation test can help enterprise adjust its strategy periods.
Forecast is critical to sales companies, and its accuracy will directly affect profits and long-term development. Considering the unique life cycle features of cosmetics sales, the combination forecasting model based on CBR (Case-Based Reasoning) is proposed. The CBR can compensate for insufficient data of short life cycle products, and reasoning and calculating the targets' attributes according to the "most similar" are not only more accurate, but also easy to practice. On this basis, the paper puts foreword the improved BASS model and seasonal trends growth model, giving full consideration to seasonal and trend fluctuations in the data series, as well as its complete life cycle characteristics. And then, the AFTER-GA (Aggregated Forecast Through Exponential Re-weighting-Genetic Algorithm) is proposed, taking PSOWv-SVM for its ability to deal with external factors, highlighting the strengths of each model, and so to obtain higher accuracy. Example shows that the AFTER-GA is superior to other methods in accuracy; meanwhile, the combination forecasting model based on CBR can achieve a satisfactory accuracy, and has practical value for cosmetics sales forecast.
The study explored the definition of employer branding in China socio-economic context. It constructed a model of employer branding and a questionnaire as measurement, by an exploratory factor analysis and a confirmatory factor analysis. We constructed 8 dimensions of instrumental attributes with 28 items and 6 symbolic attributes with 22 items. Its constructive validity and reliability was tested, showing the questionnaire well designed.
Altogether 853 projects on linguistics were financed by the National Social Science Foundation from 2001 to 2010. To reveal the current situation and outlook of linguistic studies in China, this research made a statistical analysis of time of approval and initiation, forms of expected results,types of subject languages, and distribution of the key words of these projects. The results indicated an annual increase in the number of granted projects, especially in the youth projects; books take up a distinct proportion in result forms; projects about Chinese and English are much more than those about other languages; dialects, corpora, grammar and language teaching are current hot research topics.
Postmodern translation theorist Rosemary Arrojo maintains that traditional translation theories that the authority of the original text should be given priority should be discarded. She holds that the translator himself should actively participate in meaning construction during translation. Translation teaching practice under such postmodern translation views deconstructs the traditional method in present translation teaching class and upraises the status of translators by freeing them from shackles of the sense of guilty for their inadequacies to be "faithful" enough to the original text. Yet, her exposition of meaning instability is somehow overstated and remains to be disputed.
In the light of the Conceptual Blending Theory, this paper explores the process and characteristics of the conceptual blending of the construction "La(拉)+N" in Chinese and "pull+N" in English. Great similarities have been found in the comparison as represented in the following three perspectives: Blending has both been achieved through composition, completion and elaboration. Three hierarchies of the conceptual blending have been observed in both, that is, low, middle and high hierarchy. The hierarchies of the conceptual blending have both been found in direct proportion to the structural stablity and semantic integrity of the "V+N" construction in the two languages. The findings once again confirm the important role that cognition has played in the comprehension of language behind different linguistic units.
There were three stages for the development about entrepreneurship education in Chinese universities between 1999—2010 under the advocation, guidance and motivation of the national entrepreneurship education policies. These policies promoted greatly the development of entrepreneurship education in Chinese universities, but they still have some drawbacks. In order to perfect the entrepreneurship policies, suggestions about their content, formulation and supervision are put forward in the paper.
The causes of non-dominant disciplines of key universities are analyzed, and four typical rivals are chosen in order to do a competitive analysis of faculty, research and education, based on the characteristic of the information science discipline in Beiing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Then it analyzes the opportunities, threats, weaknesses and strengths of the information science discipline in Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics using SWOT analysis method, in order to propose a corresponding building strategy.
This paper analyzes that it is inevitable trend of development to establish the brand of counselor team in universities. Team cooperation is effective method of achieving counselor team's brand in university. It provides the condition for the brand innovation to emphasize core leaguer of constrcting team, reasonably flow and optimize team leaguer and fully arouse their enthusiasm and the creativity. The case analysis indicates that the efficitive team cooperation is the advantageous guarantee of brand innovation of ideological and political education in university.