2012, Vol. 25 No.3
Publication date: 25 May 2012
As a new practice form of political democracy, cyber politics is profoundly influencing and changing the traditional political life. In promoting the development of the political civilization in China, cyber politics also brings challenges to the political development in China. The relevant government departments should pay attention, firstly, to coordinating the conflicts between Internet politics and centralized system, secondly, to strengthening the network infrastructure construction, and improving the network popularization, thirdly, to improving the netizens' political quality, and fostering the network citizen consciousness, and fourthly, to enhancing the network legislation and regulating the network behaviors of government and citizens. These strategies are expected to maximize the function of promoting the actual democracy development in China by network.
To understand the nature of development, people have gone through a long and arduous process. Development or economic growth overseas and other early concepts of development do not accurately reveal the nature of development. Reviewing both Perroux's works, as well as the evolution of the concept of development since then, this paper argues that the new concept of development put forward by Perroux expands the research vision of the development knowledge, re-establishes the philosophical foundation of the concept of development and makes an important contribution for the future evolution of the concept of development.
In the field of political philosophy, the concept of ‘freedom’ is important and controversial. Different political philosophers have discussed and distinguished different conception of freedom, and also demonstrated their inherent logic. Starting from the social and historical conditions, Benjamin Constant compared the liberty of ancients with that of moderns. He pointed out that modern people should enjoy the liberty of moderns with no need for missing the liberty of ancients. From the inherent logic of the word ‘freedom’, Isaiah Berlin analyzed positive and negative freedom. On this basis, he presented that positive freedom logically implied the paradox and had the danger of totalitarianism, and he advocated negative freedom. Although many liberals don't agree with Berlin's argument, they believe in Berlin's claims at the bottom. However, some Republican thinkers such as Quentin Skinner did not want to abandon positive freedom, so he developed a self-consistent conception of positive freedom. But this conception with retro spirit may get little consensus in modern society. Then it needs researchers to develop a new self-consistent concept of positive freedom that can withstand the threat of totalitarianism and get more recognition. It is possible.
The development of new media has expedited the arrival of omnimedia timel. By policy and market factors, media freedom has expanded and public status upgraded in the process of full integration of new media and traditional media,which tend to weaken the dominant position of government in crisis information dissemination. Meanwhile, backward public ideas, single communication strategy and outdated information release form show that government crisis information release cannot adapt to the time changes. In this paper, the author analyzes the inadequacy in crisis information release under the omnimedia linguistic environment, and suggests to improve from three aspects: to complete Information communication system,strengthen information publishing text,and make full use of diverse kinds of media,then further proposes that government should respect the right to know of the public, make sure disclosure of information, control of information in free communication, and achieve balance between freedom of information and control.
University emergencies not only directly harm the personal safety of university students, but also cause huge mental wound. If not treated timely and effectively, it would affect their future life and health, thus form a psychological crisis. This paper is based on the theory of life cycle crisis, and discusses the problems existing in students' psychological crisis intervention in university emergencies from the perspective of time series. The problems include failure of warning and prevention before crisis, passive intervention, single subject of intervention and neglected intervention of the relevant personnel around individuals in crisis, and lack of intervention after the crisis. So the effective implementation of the psychological crisis intervention for university students is to refine and improve the above-mentioned steps.
The existing European space policy includes the space policy of the European countries, the inter-governmental space policy under ESA framwork and the space policy under the common diplomatic and security policy of the EU. With the harmonization of the EU and the ESA, the leader of the European space policy is being transferred from the ESA to the EU. The multilateral levels of the European space policy is developing toward a unified European space policy. But because the coordination mechanism on space policy between the EU, the ESA and their member states hasn-t been established, and the existing European space policy does not have the coordination mechanism on international cooperation, therefor, efforts are still needed for a unified European space policy.
Safeguarding international civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference is the key work of security of civil aviation. However, due to the difference of domestic views about acts of unlawful interference, there are different definitions in national regulations which have caused adverse influence to the operation of work. The new edition of Annex 17 defines such acts jeopardizing the safety of civil aviation and enlarges the types of acts. So, we need to identify correctly acts of unlawful interference according to the new edition,and adopt the amendment, as well as reduce the discrepancy between national regulations and international papers.
The vast majority of space debris,which cannot be determined of their identity, has brought great harm to the earth's surface and human space activities. However, there is no international law to apply or refer to the damage relief of unidentified space debris. Therefore, UNCOPUOS should set up a management committee of space debris so that international organizations can work efficiently to solve this problem. Moreover, combined with space debris mitigation guidelines for space debris, damages for space debris can be made up by market share system.
China is one of the countries that are most vulnerable to the natural catastrophes, however, it lacks of catastrophe insurance. Through the study of Japan's earthquake insurance, New Zealand's earthquake insurance, California's earthquake insurance, American national flood insurance programme, British flood insurance and Florida hurricane insurance, the paper finds that catastrophe insurance cannot be sustained by the private insurance market and the intervention by the government is necessary and beneficiary. China should establish a system of catastrophe insurance backed by the government as soon as possible through the test of earthquake insurance.
The identification of the facts of constitutive elements of a crime is the most crucial part in the procedure of conviction. This article discusses the basic methods of the identification mentioned above in the perspective of legal thinking. In that process, it should identify carefully from norms to facts, form to essence, objective to subjective, and typical to special.
There are many differences on the regulating model about the duty to act in tort law among foreign legislations. It shows some shortages in the research on this subject in Taiwan and the mainland from the perspective of combining the theoretical research with the judicial practice. In order to make a thorough research, we should combine the foreign legislations, theoretical research and the judicial practice. Some guidelines should be followed in the process of constructing the duty to act in tort law: it is unnecessary to stipulate the duty to act explicitly in the general provision of tort law; contract should not be a resource of duty to act in tort law; the general rescue obligation should not be accepted by the tort law; the resource of duty to act must be a hierarchical model which puts its focus on remodelling of the duty of safety protection.
Marx, from the reality of people, from the historical production process, and from the criticism of capital, defines need as human "normal" survival and development, object-oriented practice need and the need of social relations, and the unification of value category, practice category and relation category. Heller considers Marx's need as the value category in her book The Theory of Need in Marx. The value judgments and value orientation are included in the content of need, the classification of need and the significance of need. Heller puts too much emphasis on value judgments and ignores social and historical analysis of capitalism, which plunges her into the utopia.
Marx's research procedure refers to all the medium links during Marx's research, from the start point to the end, and from collecting materials to presenting conclusion. It includes: selecting research target; research order; collecting materials; analyzing development forms of materials; seeking interrelations of all developments; historical analysis; predicting the future; making policies and presenting conclusion. The research procedure could integrate all kinds of dialectical methods to an organized system,and it will make using Marx's methods more easily.
With the integrated transportation hub as the target of this study, the success of the hub project was defined by the Stakeholder theory and the whole project needs were analyzed from the perspective of the stakeholder, the overall functional requirements of the hub were given a further analysis with QFD method, and the design planning house of quality of the integrated transportation hub project was established. With the practical application on the integrated transport hub in Tianjin, there is a special study on the operation and management model based on the analysis of the study results, which verify the feasibility of the stakeholder theory and QFD method on the hub design.
Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI) is a system of quality management which is widely accepted by small-and medium-sized software enterprises. China has introduced CMM/CMMI and strongly promoted it among its small- and medium-sized software enterprises. During this process, it has been found that the most difficult task is how to implement it and keep it sustainable. This paper, on the basis of analyzing the application and sustainable development of CMMI model in China's small- and medium-sized software enterprises, conducts an investigation on JinHer Company's current quality management of software projects,and the author proposes a CMMI-based project quality management solution, and implements it by systematically customizing and developing JinHer collaboration platform. In this way, it proves feasible for the best combination of project management and CMMI model, significantly improving the company's project management performance.
Taking into account the current social security fund primarily invested in stocks and bonds, we construct new portfolio on behalf of the portfolio of social security fund by using the CSI 300 Index and Bond Index, in order to measure the dynamic risk of social security fund. Firstly, we model the marginal distribution by FIGARCH model. Secondly, we research the dynamic correlation of the assets in the portfolio based on time-varying Copula, finding that the correlations of CSI 300 Index and Bond Index are heavily persistent. Thirdly, we predict VaR of the portfolio by using the method of Mont Carlo, and carry out the Kupiec test. By comparative study, we find that time-varying model is more effective than constant model on the aspect of VaR prediction; both time-varying FIGARCH-Copula-T model and DCC (Dynamic Conditional Correlation)-MFIGARC-T model can correctly measure the dynamic risk, but the former is better than the latter.
Peer review is taken as an effective strategy in evaluation of scientific research. And the effect of expert selection plays an important role in the result of peer review. This paper is trying to propose an index system of identifying expert and a calculation of the index weight by Entropy Weight as well. Based on the researched assumption and case study, the model of expert selection in peer review is established and the model is proved to be effective.
Baesd on Marie Bonaporte's psychobiography, this paper applies Freud's Daydream theory to approach Ligeia, contending that the heroine Ligeia is an perfect embodiment of the three women——Poe's mother, first lover and foster mother, who have played very important roles in Poe's life, and Ligeia is the daydream constructed for the writer himself, reflecting the writer's strong desire for the revival of the ideal women in his mind.
An Approach to Translation as Adaptation and Selection aims to interpret translating from the perspective of ecological sociology, highlighting the sociality of translating and the translator's subjectivity. According to An Approach to Translation as Adaptation and Selection, translating is a social activity that the translator is restricted by different ecological environments of translating and meanwhile selectively adapts to the specific ecological environment of translating. The translator should bring the subjective initiative into full play, and according to the given ecological environment of translating the translator selects the proper source texts and the appropriate translation strategies to achieve the adaptive transformation of different dimensions in the target language. This paper, based on An Approach to Translation as Adaptation and Selection, is intended to probe into Lu Xun's translation of foreign science fiction and points out that Lu Xun's selection of the source texts of foreign science fiction was geared to the social context of Chinese "save the nation by science" and his selection of translation strategies achieved the adaptive transformation of different dimensions.
Constructing college Logistics enterprises performance appraisal system can not only make colleges have bases to supervise Logistics enterprises, have the examining and judging standard, it also can help Logistics enterprises to operate normatively. The objective equity and practicability of Logistics enterprises balanced scorecard system are propitious to deepening the reform of Logistics enterprises and actively stimulative to colleges'stratetic development.
University intangible assets is a vital component of university properties, and it is not only a kind of material wealth, but also spiritual value. Problems lying in the management of intangible assets of colleges and universities are common, such as the weak idea of the assets, the lack of relevant organizations and regulations, the ambiguous patent ownership and low patent percent conversion, the incomplete appraisal system, the unreasonable accounting and the weak idea of brand awareness. Therefore it is necessary to change mind and perfect relevant systems, and strengthen the development of staff. Also it's required to set up the rating system, and complete the accounting system and other efficient measures, so that the management of intangible assets of colleges can be better improved.
College as a basic educational unite plays an important role in guidance to the technology qualities of university students. In order to improve the innovation awareness and ability of university students, the importance of the technology activities under the new situation should be recognized, the resources of the university and college should be integrated, the technology activities system should be built completely, and the technology practice activities should be carried out effectively.