2012, Vol. 25 No.4
Publication date: 25 July 2012
Purchase of services from social organizations is a systematic project, requiring not only strict programmed management but also refined organizational management. The Beijing municipal government purchases the services from social organizations in a way of grouping that means by focusing on the service purchase areas, the social organizations integrate their resources to form an untied strength to jointly undertake the service purchased by the government. As a form of social network,the grouping model reflects the organizational management innovation in the Beijing Municipal Government's purchase of services from social organizations. As the carrier of the organizational management for social organization, the grouping has become a materialized network platform, on which governments, social organizations including the supporting social organizations, enterprises and citizens play their respective roles. As an effective tool taken by the Beijing Municipal Government to foster and support the social organizations, the way of grouping refines the management of purchase of services, enhances the capability of self-government of the social organizations, and with great social value from which we could search out the construction mechanism for governing multi-main-body structure.
Because of a biased direction, and negligence of obligations such as providing the sorts of public services, the community health services has been developing at a slow race, and getting lower satisfaction rating of the residents who deserve to be offered better health services. Through investigating the community health service satisfaction rating of the residents living in Qingdao city, we find the evaluation of the community health services is relatively low. To improve the residents' evaluation of the community health services, the positioning of the community health service agency should be transformed completely. On the basis of the accurate positioning of community health services, the government and community health services agency can develop a reasonable principle, and then take effective measures to develop the community health services.
The various non- traditional threats continuously lead to public safety crises, the troop plays an important role and mainstay function on handling and solving public crises. However, from what had happened while the troop dealt with the crises, there still exist many structural blemishes during their dealings with the public crises in emergency situations, such as the blurry idea for the emergency management; the incoordinated and inefficient command relationships and integration of military and local information resources; the inefficient joint training of the military and local departments; the unsmooth coordination and communication; the imperfect regulatory system, etc. So, in order to strengthen the construction of emergency management ability, we should explore the basic regulations of the emergency management, clarifying the thinking and understanding of emergency management, construct a scientific emergency management mechanism; and construct and improve the law system of emergency management.
With the deterioration of natural environment and the gradual emergence of contradictions in the domain of politics, economy and ideology, various crises occur frequently in recent years. Since public crisis management is complex, in order to resolve crisis, we have to bring the community and citizens into play, not just rely on governments. With the "governance theory" as the theoretical basis, the paper makes an analysis of the status quo and problems of the cooperation relationship between government and NGOs in public crisis, then gives some suggestions to achieve governance of public crisis, including promoting government innovation, strengthening NGOs' capacity, establishing the interaction and cooperation mechanisms between government and NGOs and so on.
It is a contradiction between the concept of the common interests of mankind and the technical differential space rent which is pursued by each state in the exploitation of outer space that is promoting the development of security situation in outer space. Arms control, as a way of seeking security through international cooperation, is a fundamental way to resolve this contradiction. At the same time, from the perspective of realistic constructivism, the substance of the international legal regime to prevent the weaponization in outer space is social construction of all kinds of powers in the process of each state participating in rational games of interests-powers. An analysis of the types and interactions of powers can not only help to master the characteristics of the international legal regime to prevent the weaponization in outer space but also probe into the right way of realistic construction of the international legal regime to prevent the weaponization in outer space.
With the development of China's aviation industry, aviation intellectual property disputes will increase and arbitration is an effective way to solve these disputes. The arbitrability of aviation intellectual property disputes has not only the scientific theory foundation but also the realistic basis. Compared with the mediation and litigation, arbitration has an irreplaceable superiority among the ways to solve the aviation intellectual property disputes. The legal rights of the dispute parties can be fully guaranteed by establishing and perfecting China's arbitration law system and referencing advanced foreign arbitration experience as well as by increasing support to this arbitration and implementing its feasible approaches.
In the condition of air freight collect, dispute often occurs when the consignee receives the cargo without paying the freight. It remains controversial in the theory and practice that who should pay the freight, and its essence is what the legal status of the consignee is in the air cargo contract. The theory of assignment of contract reveals the essential characteristic of the air cargo contract, and regards the consignee as a party of the air cargo contract by assigned part of the shipper's rights and obligations. So the carrier should charge for the freight to the consignee.
In economics, the theory of relationship between general meetings of shareholders and committee of directors is generally described under the title of relationship between shareholders and directors,which includes enterpriser theory and agency theory. Enterpriser theory considers that shareholder's equity and director's management are both functions split from ownership.Agency theory thinks that a shareholder is a principal and a director is an agent.In a sense,enterpriser theory discloses deeper character of relationship between shareholders and directors.In jurisprudence there are mainly five theories about this area, namely principal-agency theory, deputy theory, trust theory, double relationship theory and legal relationship theory. In essence, corporations are complicated organizations and differ in type and scale, thus the relationships between shareholders and directors in different corporations are different accordingly. Any single theory can hardly describe all such relationships precisely.The relationship between State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council(SASAC) and wholely state-owned corporations is similar to that in stock corporations, especially like that in listed corporations. Regulations should explicitly prescribe that legal rights of SASAC are smaller in scope than that of shareholders in any other corporations.
There exist various potential accident risks while the exploitation of nuclear energy has produced increasingly huge benefits for each state. Nuclear accidents can not only result in internal harms, but also produce transboundary damage. Compensation subject of nuclear accidents should primarily be the operator of nuclear installation, and the state just constitutes a complementary subject. However, since a state undertakes precaution and management responsibility on nuclear accidents, so a state should solely bear compensation for its fault when it fails to fulfill its responsibility.
The legislation of arbitration about Collection, presentation and determination of arbitration evidence excessively rely on the civil procedure law. Through the analysis of legislation and arbitration rules of China and other countries, we can draw a conclusion that the character of agreement should be kept. The parties' agreement should be considered firstly and then arbitration tribunal. Therefore, the arbitration system can go well.
While the Anti-Japanese War achieved the first great victory of fighting against foreign aggression in the modern history of the Chinese nation, it also created brilliant spiritual wealth and composed the new canto of localization of Marxism in China. During this period, its scientific proposition was put forward, its first important theory maturated, and its historical experiences were formed. The review and sum-up of its historical courses and its basic experiences will offer a theoretical guidance and historical references for the construction of Marxist theoretical innovation in the new era.
This article attempts to give a new interpretation to the evolution of theoretical thrust of civil society from Marx to Gramsci by "clever pig game" of game theory, its purpose is to provide a theoretical support for Chinese Government to coordinate the relations among various stakeholders more efficiently by probing the inner motivation of the evolution of theoretical thrust of civil society.
According to the theory of comparative advantage, thirteen kinds of main planting products in fourteen prefectural-level cities or prefectures in Gansu Province were inspected. This paper's comprehensive comparative advantage index method was employed to measure and calculate the breeds of the planting products with comprehensive advantage in different areas. Its relative comparative advantage index method was employed to measure and analyze the comparative advantage of the planting products in different areas. The breeds of the planting products with both comprehensive advantage and comparative advantage were picked out. This conclusion will have a positive effect and value on the adjustment of agricultural structure and the optimization of the layout.
Using Monte Carlo Simulation, Cholesky Decomposition, taking ZYJQ09001A issued by Bank of China as an example, rationality of pricing multi-asset structured financial products is studied. The results show that ZYJQ09001A's issuing price with 1.91% implied premium rate is slightly more than its theoretical value. So it is proposed that government and regulators should establish a sound management approach on structured financial products; Commercial Banks should improve the pricing mechanism and information disclosure mechanisms for structured financial products.
On the analysis of Chinese national foreign assets and liabilities, the paper sets up the International Investment Position of China from 1984 to 2009, and analyzes the structures of the assets and liabilities and their tendency. Furthermore, the characteristics of the data show that there are some structural risks in China's foreign assets and liabilities due to the unmatched sectors holding the assets and liabilities respectively, the dollar-denominated International Investment Position and the unreasonable investment of the foreign reserves. Finally, our findings also suggest that China should increase the quantity of its imports and outward investment, enhance foreign exchange reserve management and further develop China's capital market.
Through research on our country's corporatized and closed aeronautics science and research system, we find some problems, such as lack of a uniform agency responsible for management and coordination of aeronautics research, lack of independent agencies and long-run plans for aeronautics basic research, lack of sustainable and steady budget input, and closed system unfavorable for inviting civil sectors to participate in aeronautics research, etc. This has led to neglect of basic aeronautics research and lack of effective competition, which has further led to shortage of innovation in our country's aircraft industry. So we must take some measures to build an aeronautic science and research system that is dominated by government, led by planning, base-intensified, open and full of competition. These measures include building and completing managerial and executive agencies, constituting long-run plans, appropriating steady funds, intensifying basic research and breaking down closed system, etc.
Probe-recognition paradigm, anaphor reading time paradigm and moving windows technique were employed to explore the effects of narrative time shifts on L2 learners' reading comprehension processes. English narrative texts were used as stimulus materials in the experiments in which Chinese EFL learners' memory retrieval accuracy and speed for prior information during text comprehension were the main index. The results demonstrate that when a time shift is encountered, L2 learners are less able and slower to accurately retrieve prior information from memory. The results of this study help to test the universality of the strong iconicity assumption and event-indexing model.
Quarrels on Grice’s notion of cooperative principle have never ceased. The underlying reason lies in the lack of a clear and systemic classification of, and the disagreement on, the levels or types of cooperation. Comparisons and evaluations are made in this study to show their respective strong points and weak points, with pros and cons offered. The notion cooperation is not employed by Grice in a sole and distinct sense. The study shows that different types or levels co-exist in the notion of cooperation.
In China there are two different opinions on formal translation which is regarded as one of the important hypotheses in Nida's theories. Based on an analysis of the development of formal equivalence in Nida's theories by employing Lakatos's methodology of scientific research programme, the paper explains the cause of the two contradicted viewpoints and points out that Nida stops using absolute formal equivalence and puts it in the framework of functional equivalence by progressively adjusting his theories. And the paper demonstrates the important role of the epistemology of scientific developmental rules in understanding translation theories.
Based on the Appraisal theory proposed by Martin and White, the present study focused on an American Parliamentary debate qualitatively, aiming to examine the cultivation of critical thinking through participation in parliamentary form of academic debate. It was found that based on the intersubjective stance stating the sources of voice and the undertaking of "subjective responsibility", Government and Opposition both adopt suitable Graduation and Attitude strategies to establish their own thesis, make a timely, accurate and forceful rebuttal and disagreement and justify their respective evidence for the purpose of reaching a common ground on the basis of eliminating disputes in a spiral form of movement threaded by constructive speech, rebuttal and justificatory response to opponent's POI.
Values of higher education are conceptions, explicit or implicit, distinctive of an individual or characteristic of a group, of the desirable which influence the selection. The hierarchy of values in higher education can comprise values of higher education in philosophical and sociological levels. There are two value orientations—epistemological and political values in philosophical level. While university is chosen as a typical higher education institution to analyze from the sociological perspective, as an organization, it can be seen as a bureaucracy or community, which reflects two different value orientations in sociological level. The values of higher education in philosophical level provide guidance for that in sociological level, and the relationships between two different value orientations in two levels are contradictory and mutual.
Firstly, the current factors that may prevent graduates from forming creative ability are analyzed. Then, based on the experiences of supervising engineering graduates in creative practice, the new cultivation mode of creative ability of engineering graduates in BUAA were discussed in detail. The proposed mode can also provide an efficient way for the graduates in other disciplines.
Team spirit is the main feature of engineer education,use questionnaire and interview method to analysis team spirit of university students,consider that one-child family education concept,exam-oriented education,universities lack targeted team training and social bad phenomenon are main reasons which cause university students lack team spirit. Sino-French Engineer school of BUAA combined with it’s practice ,use theory education method, team practice method ,demonstration method and test method to train team values of university students,has received good effect.
Now young university teachers have some problems in their careers, such as high working pressure and low job satisfaction, dislocation of professional consciousness and concept and career management omission. Learning organization theory provides a new visual angle and train of thought for young university teachers to solve their problems in career development. To structure learning young university teachers' career planning models, it is necessary to help young teachers build positive career values, perfect the opening management mode which welcomes democratic participation, helps them draw up career targets and routes, constructs a team leaning platform and systematically builds young teachers' cultivation mechanism.
This paper used citation analysis as the theoretical basis to choose the academic papers of BUAA mechanical disciplines who are indexed by SCI database as the study object. It analyzed the distribution of journal papers and the distribution of the source of citation, combined the journal interview actual work of BUAA Library and journal impact factors and investigated the priority guarantee level of foreign periodicals, so as to protect the needs of readers' literature to determine the interview strategy of foreign periodicals through paper-based purchasing, electronic subscription, subscription databases and other means.