2012, Vol. 25 No.5
Publication date: 25 September 2012
In China, there are a large number of officials who were accountable for quickly returning to political arena. Some of the comebacks are unprincipled. Thus, the accountability system becomes merely superficial. In addition, government starts losing credibility as public becomes disappointing. It is crucial to have a system to regulate the comebacks of these officials. In particular, the system should follow the rules of Exceptional, Differential and Public.
Interest integration is one of the basic functions of the political party. For the party in power, this function is more important. With the diversification of main interests communities as well as social class differentiation, interests expression and interest integration become increasingly prominent. The Communist Party of China also undertakes the important function of interest integration in contemporary China. At the core of status in the interests integrating, The Communist Party of China decides the risk of ruling with the interest integration. This risk is due to interest integration caused by the moral risk, but also because of identity weakening and the formation of the political legitimacy of risk. From a long term ruling consideration, defusing of the ruling risk caused by interests integration lies in the system construction and the high consciousness of the ruling party.
The new rural cooperative medical system is a systematic and complex project for the benefit of the people. It is one of the most important parts of the social security system, and plays an indispensable role in protecting the health of farmers, and in promoting rural economic and social development. Though the new rural cooperative medical system has made certain achievements and fully played its role under the support of government policy, there are still many problems in the course of its operation in Gansu province. For instance, the imbalance of farmers-per capita income with the rising health care costs, the local governments-financing difficulties, the medical and sanitation infrastructure backwardness, etc. This paper presents the countermeasures which can solve the current problems, such as controlling medical costs-unreasonable growth, establishing a scientific and funding mechanism, strengthening rural health services, improving the quality of the health staff, stepping up publicity efforts, encouraging active participation, and so on. The rural cooperation medical system can effectively operate and this system will have a long and sustainable development through use of a set of solutions.
Emergency capability evaluation of petrochemical enterprises is an important part of emergency capability construction. The article analyzes in detail the risk factors and the characteristics of production accidents in petrochemical enterprises, basically guide by the process management of PPRR,and applying the Delphi and AHP methodology to the emergency capability evaluation system, the weights of each indicator in each level. Finally ,the article establishes a rough emergency capability evaluation system of production accidents of petrochemical enterprise which is mainly composed of the capacity of emergency readiness, emergency preparedness, emergency response and emergency recovery as the level one indicator and 17 indicators of level two and 43 indicators of level three.
With the increase of the army's taking part in public emergencies, the strengthening of the army's emergency management capability construction and the further improving of the army's emergency management capability are the essential requests of the army executing diversified military missions in the new environment. The assessment of the public emergency management capability for the army is an important link that heightens and improves the army's management capability in public energencies. The assessment's value orientation for the army management capability in public energency should be people oriented, capability dominated, multi-body opened and law observing. The key work is to establish the internal and outside work combained work process, to construct the index system that is based on process, and to improve the technical core, technical goal and technical mission for the assessment of the army management capability in public energencies,which will make the assessment of military emergency management capability more effective and normative.
In the long histroy dealing with crisis, people form stable thinking model and behavior mode, which is crisis culture. Crisis culture plays an important role in modern crisis management. Chinese traditional crisis culture started from"The Book of Changes", and developed along with traditional society. It is based on natural economy, and is deeply influenced by despotic rule and patriarch system. Chinese traditional crisis culture exists in Confucianism and shares the core principle "Interaction between Heaven and Man". At the same time, Chinese traditional culture is inseparable from political culture, auspicious culture and material signs.
Outer space law establishes the principle of peacefully utilizing outer space and certain legal procedures and mechanism to restrict militarization in outer space, which plays the role of restraining and containing aerospace operations. However, due to the deficiency and loopholes of outer space law, it is difficult to effectively control the outer space militarization process. It is required that China should attach great importance to participating in international legal activities, strengthening its domestic legal establishment, speeding up the constructing process of aerospace integration and improving its own status in the field of outer space. We should flexibly and actively utilize outer space law to grasp the initiative of aerospace operations.
Management by delegation has been testified to improve the efficiency of airport operations ,which has been adopted by Chinese airports. However, it needs specific provisions in laws and regulations,with respect to the qualification and shareholders of assignees engaging in the management, and the subject of administrative legal responsibility concerning safety.There have been serious legal issues arising or to arise, including the industry access threshold being too low, the risk of monopoly and unfair competition ,the subject of liability being inappropriate, and so forth. This article gives suggestions to resolve those issues by legislation, providing the qualification required for the assignees, limiting foreign and national investers and investment in assignees, and the assignees undertaking some admininstrative legal responsibilities.
The augmentation of behavioral patterns of the crime of theft in Article 39 of the Amendment VIII to the Criminal Law manifests distinct utilitarian color of criminal law in maintaining social order and strengthening the protection of legal interests, and is also the result of gradual marginalization of the reason of criminal law. From the angle of judicial application, it is necessary to accurately interpret the newly-augmented three behavioral patterns of the crime of theft. As far as burglary and theft with a lethal weapon are concerned, the appropriate explanations should be given according to the previous relevant judicial interpretation. As far as pick-pocketing is concerned, restrictive interpretation can be given from the characteristics of place and object. As far as the criminal pattern is concerned, the crime of theft is still consequential offense. After accurate explanations are given to the newly-augmented three behavioral patterns of the crime of theft, there still exist problems in legislative revision such as lack of balance in the setup of crime and punishment, insufficiency in the setup of fact about the crime of theft and indistinctness of the boundary of criminal punishment.
It has been monopolized by Boeing and Airbus in the LCA product market, both corporations have got huge industrial subsides from the governments, which led to two disputes.The Appellate Body report has gone into effect after nearly 7 years DSB hearing on the later ‘US-EU'. The determination prohibits the EU subsidies limitedly on the basis of the ‘SCM Agreement' as well as giving some new in-depth interpretations, it's preventative to the third parts rather than corrected to US.Commenting and analysing the ongoing-cases,this paper discusses the certain practical measures for the emerging countries,such as infrastructure grants,governmental capitalizings,governental loans,R&D fundings,etc,through which to confront the challenges under the new US-EU industrial rules.
The paper selected DIRECTIVE 2008/101/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL as the study object, adopted the cause analysis method, the objective analysis method, and the validity analysis method, and evaluated the European Union-s tactics, strategies and the effects. The research results indicated that the EU had made full use of the mechanisms and systems in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol, promoted international aviation emissions reduction, weakened the law efficacy of the "common but differentiated responsibilities" principle, transferred the international reduction pressure into the countries such as China and the United States. Also the EU had won the initiative of the international climate legislation arrangement. And China's civil aviation industry and the basic negotiation positions were strongly impacted. So China needs to safeguard its national strategic interests from the highly scientific point.
The background and reason of Marx's initial focus on the material interests is not the first comment on material interests during the Rheinische Zeitung period, but the social environment, family education, cultural enlightenment in his adolescence, and individual human feelings and governance thinking path. During the Rheinische Zeitung period, Marx's talking about material interests is not abstract concept or misty ghost but with realistic historical content. Marx in this period went beyond the abstract rationalism of Hegel. Marx's concern for material interests and the laboring masses decided that he never was an idealist of the traditional sense. Therefore, there never existed the steering from idealism to realism.
Passion Ontology, proposed by Marx in Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, was neither Hegelian idealism nor Feuerbach's humanism. It is a useful exploration of the ontology of dialectical materialism. It is also an important part of the new world outlook of Marxism in the formation process.
Because the mainstream economic growth theory studies growth issues from the standpoint of the country, so it is a kind of competition advantage theory and hasn't considered the deterministic factors for growth such as resource and environment. Bringing these factors into growth equation, then we estimate the contribution rate of resource and environment factors to OECD and China and their difference with Panel Data and time series methods. The paper finds that although the degree of dependence on resource and environment factors of OECD is lower than that of China, it's still above 40% and roughly equal to the technology contribution rate. The contribution rate could be higher if we consider the effect of polluting industries being transferred to the outside. The true conclusion might be that technology drives growth in developed countries and the resources and environment drive growth in developing countries, such as China, but those growth types are all based significantly on consumption of resources and environment.
By researching on stock return fluctuation, this paper analyzes the influence on diffenent types of listed machinery and electrical companies by the export tax rebate adjustment Dec.29th, 2008. First, an intervention analysis on indices of five types of machinery and electrical markets demonstrates the adjustment has had dramatic positive influence on each market's daily stock return since 2009. Second, a two-factor model is utilized to calculate sample companies' Dec. 29th abnormal stock return. At last, companies are separated into groups;variables such as export propensity, internationalization degree, etc are taken to explain abnormal stock return of different company types. It is proven that companies with large export and potential export expansion benefit more. Meanwhile, companies with relative market power have higher profits, although companies without relative market power are also profitable. This reveals policy drifts exist in the rebate adjustment.
By establishing the evaluation index system of the affecting factors to food prices, and using the principal component analysis to study the affecting factors to food prices in the year 2001-2009, three principal components are obtained. According to the principal components, the paper calculated and sorted composite score for each year's food prices, and found that food price shows a change in the form of wavy line in the nine years.
As one of the important industries of experience economy, network cultural industry is in a thirst for better and faster development. Based on basic theories of experience economy as well as virtuality and reality of network experience, online consumption mode with time-occupying orientation is considered essence of digital content operation. Pay by the month and pay by the hour which China Telecom adopts are the best and effective ways of payment as well as profit-getting for online consumption mode. Meanwhile, not only effective profiting mode, but also attractive cultural products and services are deeded for sustainable development of network cultural industry.
This paper reports a study that investigated the listening metaconitive awareness of 150 first-year English majors by means of Metacognitive Awareness Listening Questionnaire. It finds that the listening metacognitive awareness of the subjects was at the medium or high level,the correlation analysis indicates that three metacognitive awarenesses, namely "problem-solving", "directed attention", and "person knowledge", are positive factors affecting EFL listening while "mental translation" is negative, there exist significant differences in the listening metacognitive awareness among the effective listeners and ineffective listeners. The findings of this study may shed light on EFL listening teaching.
Based on the feminist narrative theories of American narratologist SuSan Sniader Lanser, the thesis attempts to make a meaningful exploration on the writing techniques of Amy Tan's long novel The Hundred Secret Senses. It is intended to analyze the dual narrative voices and their impacts in order to understand the building of feminist authority, the acknowledgement and establishment of Asian American women's cultural identities and the awareness of feminism in patriarchal society, aiming at understanding her special writing style and strategies and providing a new perspective to the study of Amy Tan's novels.
This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional study of the interlanguage pragmatic (ILP) development across three groups of Chinese learners of English from 3 proficiency levels, aged 14, 17, and 20 respectively. 1707 pieces of responses to compliments (CR) in both Chinese (710 pieces) and English (997 pieces) are collected by using a Discourse Completion Test. After analyzing the data by frequency analysis and chi-square analysis, we find some evidence of ILP development in the English data. As is suggested by the distribution of strategies in Chinese which is significantly different from the English data, there is no pragmatic transfer from Chinese to English.
By classifying and illustrating the different schools in the spheres of linguistics, translation and cultural studies as well as their directions of development, this paper holds that these schools can generally be categorized into Scientism, Humanism and Dialectical idealism, according to their study of science and man in the position of philosophy. Analyzing the causes of the conflicts of these modern linguistic and translation philosophies will help us to understand better the nature of these schools and their future development.
Full-time engineering graduate students is a new enrollment type for graduating seniors. The training objective of full-time engineering graduate students is paying more attention to basic research, as well as practical research, in order to bring up more high-level professional talents to society. Compared with academician graduate students, the essay analyzes some problems about full-time engineering graduate students, including enrollment limitations due to inefficient promotion and the single enrollment mode, incomplete training plan and practical links of field work and incomplete training mode for its suitable development. The paper gives suggestions on how to approve the training mode, including innovation mode of enrollment, make training plan, pay attention to practice, and standardise school-enterprise cooperation and so on.
Viewing from the perspective of game theory and using interest games models, the paper analyzes all aspects of the relationship among the interest games in the implementation process of the educational staff system policy, including the interest conflicts of management staff and those who assume administrative as well as professional responsibilities, interest conflicts of new and old faculty academic power, full-time teachers and full-time management staff interest conflicts, and conflicts deriving from full-time management. Based on the analysis of the causes and impact of all the conflicts, the paper proposes countermeasures in the aspect of interest integration, which includes effective appointment and incentive mechanism, extended promotion channels and personnel transfer mechanism.
This paper proposes new ideas for the teaching reform of courses on ideological and political theories to graduate students in universities and colleges. By building a new teaching concept that connects learning, research, discussion and innovation, by carefully selecting lecture themes and content, by deliberately designing class discussions, and by encouraging students to read and to participate in social practice after class and through other teaching methods, the teacher-student interaction and a mutual-learning relationship can be established, making the classroom a platform for teachers and students to communicate, exchange, test and develop ideas, and open up a new path to cultivate more innovative talents.
The director selection system of National laboratories in American research universities is studied in this paper. The results demonstrate that:the selection process of the director is similar with that of the president of university, and both are recommended by the screening committee and elected by the search committee;the award situation, sex and education background of the candidate are the three key factors in the selection process;the term of office is not fixed, and the three main types of demission reasons are expiration of contract, position alteration and instant event respectively.