2012, Vol. 25 No.6
Publication date: 25 November 2012
Conflict of interests is the source of corruption. The system that prevents conflict of interests is the foundation for the anti-corruption system. During the transformation of economy and society, the efficiency of the system that prevents conflict of interests is so low, which is related to our traditional cultural situation, especially related to the central planning system. The thinking of omnipotent doctrine, the structure of the power and the structure of society provide the support for conflict of interests. Only by solving these problems can we provide a suitable situation for the system that prevents the conflict of interests.
In across boundary supply of public services and across boundary governance on public issues, the Chinese government increasingly relies on collaboration between local governments, between government departments, and between the central government and local government. In response to the phenomenon, and based on observation on the real situation, and integrating the collaborative management literatures of the West, this thesis builds a broad intergovernmental governance model of collaboration across boundaries. The model is composed of three broad variables——initial condition of coordinative governance, process of coordinative governance, and outcomes of coordinative governance, which systematically expound the operation mechanism of coordinative process and key impact factors, and provide an effective model of governance for supply of public services across boundaries and governance on public issues across boundaries in our country.
Rural grass-roots anti-corruption work is important for honest government. It is also an important and indispensable part of the construction of a new socialist countryside. The paper made a comprehensive theoretical and empirical analysis on the rural grass-roots anti-corruption practice of Deqing county, Guangdong Province. The County continuously improves the effectiveness of its legal education by clarifying its aim and purpose. It closely integrates the legal education and professional ethics, social ethics and family values education. It focuses on people-s democracy, respect for the pioneering spirit, and the improvement of the anti-corruption system. It has built an anti-corruption institutional system in line with the scientific, rational and practical principles. It attaches great importance to the role of the Internet and other means of information technology. It gives supervision to all aspects of the exercise of power. The county has created a good atmosphere, and straightened out the relationship between supervision subject and supervision object, broadened the channels of supervision, and integrated supervision resources to form a combined monitoring force. The county has made great efforts on the evaluation and promotion of cadres to make sure that they are clean. It has improved the evaluation system and reward system, maintained the strong momentum against corruption, and established a punishing mechanism as a warning system so that no one dares to be corrupt.
When to activate contingency plans is the key point for corporations to deal with unexpected events. This paper gives a method of multiple experts to activate contingency plans based on analysis of relative research. It creatively puts experts' suggestions in the process of decision, and view relative RCVaR as the decision goal to study when to activate contingency plans. The research finds that RCVaR mode can deal with contingency experiences from multiple experts, and it can provide support for the decision makers in the process of decision.
Along with the development in internet technology and popularization of the network applications, network provides a fair, open and just platform for the public to air opinions. Due to network characteristics, media properties and the particular social context reason, network colony accidents occur frequently. Based on the network group incidents reasons and by using Smelser's bonus plug theory model and agenda-setting mode formed in the process of solving domestic major events, this paper maps out the mechanism figure of the network colony accidents. The paper argues that there is deeper reason behind the network group incidents and that the transformation from general events to the colony accidents is a gradual process, and thereby puts forward the colony accidents guidance,prevention and control strategies based on the emergencies and Internet users.
The mankind’s space activities have had the negative impact on the space environments.The 1967 Outer Space Treaty requires that the States Parties to the Treaty shall bear international responsibility for national activities in outer space, and the activities of non-governmental entities in outer space shall require authorization and continuing supervision by the appropriate State Party to the Treaty. The Treaty also requires that the States Parties to the Treaty should avoid the harmful contamination to outer space in the exploration and use of outer space. In order to fulfill the obligations, many countries have specific provisions in their domestic legislation on the licensing system of space activities (mainly launch activities), most of which include protection of the outer space environment requirements, and consider it as a necessary condition to obtain a license or an important part for the implementation of regulation.
Currently, the international rules with regard to the manned space activities are mainly reflected in the relevant UN space treaties. The domestic space law in the United States and Russia also have scattered provisions on manned space activities. The Measures for the Administration of Registration of Space Objects of China applies to the registration of the manned space objects, however, the Interim Measures on the Administration of License for Civil Space Launch Projects of China does not apply to the manned space activities which are organized by the relevant competent authorities. China should improve its national space legislation on the basis of fulfilling the relevant treaty obligations, formulate the technical rules related to manned space activities, and promulgate the specialized manned space activities law when the time comes.
A comparative study of the laws and regulations of personal injury compensation on different modes of transport in China finds that the laws and regulations are mutually contradictory and outdated that they no longer provide adequate damage compensation to passengers. It is suggested that the laws and regulations must be amended from six aspects to ensure the adequacy and certainty of damage compensation.
As a resolvent for current problems such as proliferative cases and uprush of lawsuit cost, small-amount lawsuits system with its high efficiency and low cost, is focused by many countries including China as a part of the Civil Procedure innovation. Based on the research for its institution, state, special rules, present problems and resolvents, the article considers its well operation is a result of an potent support from the external judicial circumstance, and therefore, we must establish an analogous support system both in judicial ideas and institution if we wish to transplant this system to China.
Mediation is considered to be inferior justice compared with justice by legal litigation through traditional idea. But this idea is challenged by the ADR movement in the United States. There are obvious defaults in judicial system. Sometimes mediation can get better results and lead to a win-win situation. It is not a serious problem of power unbalance in mediation with deterrent force from judicial system. China's judicial power is rather weak and mediation can help the weak clients to avoid worse situation in judicial procedure.
Socialism with Chinese characteristics has gained much attention from foreign scholars, especially the Western left-wing scholars. The debate mainly focuses on the socialist market economy, the socialist democracy and cultural development with Chinese characteristics. Scholars like Paul Burkett argue that the so-called socialist market economy in China is essentially capitalist, while Tony Andr閍ni and some other scholars hold that China's market economy is still socialist because its socialist principles remain unchanged. Meanwhile, many scholars show much interest in the socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics, a new form of democracy in their eyes. Besides, more and more scholars in the U.K., the U.S., Japan, South Korean and Singapore are attracted by the brilliant traditional Chinese culture, which, as they consider, is the basis of the cultural development with Chinese characteristics. Obviously, foreign scholars' exploration of China's socialist construction may serve as a resource of enlightenment on advancing our great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
The construction of socialist culture needs good cultural ecology. A national cultural ecology consists of mainstream culture, elite culture and popular culture. The dual problem of inner conflicts and outside invasion in the process of our current cultural construction is the primary challenge for domestic cultural ecology in contemporary China. In this article, we propose that we need to follow the following principles in order to optimize the cultural ecology in the new area. They are the unification "of centralized value and diversified development, of integration and innovation and of economic benefit and social benefit".
Under the assumption of rational investors, the paper constructs the decision model about the corporate controlling structure choice by the ultimate controlling shareholders. The model results show that the structure of corporate control is a state-dependent selection (depending on the specific parameters), and the more severe the company-s financial constraint, the more likely it will be controlled by the ultimate controlling shareholders with pyramidal structure. The other shareholders of the old corporate may be benefitted or suffer losses when the ultimate controlling shareholders control the new company with Horizontal structure, whereas they may be sure to be benefited when the ultimate controlling shareholders control the new company with pyramidal structure.
Profit is the core concept of accounting,and it is the key indicator for investors, creditors and the government to measure companies- business performance and their ability to develop sustainably. But as a result of profit whitewashing and potential threat of measure basis of accounting income, the quality of the profit of listed companies is very low, and the profit can-t reflect the actual operation condition of companies. Therefore, in order to protect investors and promote the coordinated development of the market, it is of great significance to complete the theoretical framework and the evaluation system of the profit quality, and to expose the actual operation condition of listed companies.
Through literature review and on the basis of investigation of 215 companies of Guangdong, 2010, the relation of the corporate culture and core competence of corporation was analyzed in detail by using the structural equation modeling, from proposal of a priori model to correction to specification, revealing how the corporate culture affects the core competence of corporation in a corporation. As the results showed, corporate culture as an approach of cultivating up-to-date management thought enforces an increasingly far-reaching effect on the business management, and brings not only economic but also social efficiency.
During the 1930s and 1940s distinguished novelist William Faulkner's most valuable short stories which have become an essential part of his Yoknapatawpha shot to fame. His love and hate toward the South makes his work puzzling and complicated. Through a detailed analysis of Barn Burning, Dry September and Wash, one can see the southerners' loss of themselves, anxiety and bad faith in this material world, which is the representative existential theme of nothingness.
Dostoevsky’s ideas and creativity had a great impact on the Russian Symbolist writer Merejkovski. The theme of double, playing an important role in the plot structure, can be said to be the most outstanding. Merezhkovsky inherited the tradition of Dostoevsky and announced the relationships between this theme and religious problems. He put the theme to the greatness of the general world. This article attempts to analyze both the impact on this theme and their respective characteristics so as to reveal the differences of methods in creation of the world picture, and to indicate the acceptance of ideas in Russian Literature and the deep connection between the culture at the turn of the century and the previous literary traditions.
The paper is a review of corpus-driven research on co-occurrence of lexical sequences from different perspectives: units of meaning, semantic sequences, grammar patterns and lexical bundles. Although sharing the corpus-driven approach, the analyses are distinct in that lexical sequences are approached with different intentions and in that the relationship is explored either between lexis and meaning or lexis and grammar, or lexis and discourse functions among registers.
The dissymmetry of management system is one of the most important factors that restrict the development of local higher education institution. The management practices of public higher education in the United States, Canada, Germany, and Japan are discussed from the perspective of management and funding system Some common practices of these countries are summarized, for example, provincial/state government is the most important manager and sponsor of public higher education; federal government conducts a macro-management on public higher education; the local government supports the management of public higher education; and the autonomy of university in operating and administrating has been fully emphasized and respected. Combining with the Chinese higher education reform and reality situation of local higher education institutions, it is suggested that the central government indirectly macro-manages higher education, provincial governments conduct integrated management on higher education, and local governments focuse on providing favorable external conditions for higher education.
Recently, plagiarism has become more frequent in higher education institutions. Academic misconducts are becoming more common and have led to a series of grave consequences, challenging the foundations of the academic world. In higher education institutions, considering the lack of effective monitoring mechanism and specific punitive measures, and by using Academic Misconduct Literature Check System, some measures on reconstructing academic ethics are proposed so as to prevent plagiarism and to improve the mechanism of enforcing an academic code of ethics.
The expansion of higher education is not only the expansion of students but also of teachers. After teachers- expansion, the total number, ratio between students and faculty, age, job title, education and so on have changed. Teachers' expansion caused or exacerbated the lack of teachers, imbalance of specialties and regions, shortages of high level teachers, lack of ecology of title assessment, low education and so on. We should introduce and allocate teachers, reform the system of management mechanism, enhance the professional development and improve education of young teachers.
High-level experimental team is the key to improving the quality of experimental teaching, and also the core of the laboratory construction. It is of great importance to build a high-level experimental team for improving the quality of teaching and make full use of the laboratory resources. A high-level experimental team should have good ideological quality, superior professional skills, reasonable personnel structure, enthusiasm on scientific work, and the ability of scientific management to the laboratory. From some aspects such as job title structure, assessment system and emphasis extend on the experimental teaching, the current status on the construction of experimental team in research universities was analyzed. Then, with respect to how to strengthen the construction of experimental team, some solutions such as scientific personal allocation, reasonable post setup, perfecting assessment system, enhancing research capability and increasing fund investment were proposed.
Doctoral students' extended term for graduation is a common phenomenon in China's universities, and it easily leads to negative impact. Comparing China's and overseas doctoral students' education period, taking the data of doctoral students' extended graduation during the last five years of Beihang University as example, and by using the quantitative analysis method, the paper analysed the status and reasons of doctoral students' extended term for graduation from aspects of general condition, disciplines distribution and education mode. The result shows that the doctoral students' education period is becoming longer, engineering doctoral students generally have longer education period, and the proportion of entended term of graduation is high among in-service doctoral students. The reasons are complicated and various. Guaranteeing the education quality of doctoral students is the key to resolving the problem.