2013, Vol. 26 No.1
Publication date: 25 January 2013
The cross-organization business accounts for half of the total government business approximately. In the Internet age, correct understanding of the characteristics of cross-organization business is of practical significance in constructing the wholeness of government and service-oriented government.On the basis of analysing the national survey data,this paper concludes from the reality that there exist two kinds of cross-organization organizational relations, fifteen kinds of cross-organization business structures,and sixteen kinds of information flow relations.
More and more regions, departments and organizations in China carry out corruption risk management during the previous couple of years. However, there is a lack of scientific approach to the grading of corruption risk evaluation empirically, thus limiting the effectiveness of corruption risk management. Essentially, corruption risk-level and corruption degree are more or less the same concept. Traditionally, there are two general ways of corruption measurement: objective and subjective approaches. Since different kinds of flaws exist in these two approaches, lack of accurate corruption measurement is unavoidable. According to the latest experience of measurement from Transparency International and Hong Kong, based on the revision and discussion of the current corruption degree definition, as well as the theoretical study and analysis, the author proposes an innovative approach which provides a more accurate measurement, behavior-based measurement. This new methodology is applicable to the corruption risk-level assessment thus making contribution to the scientific corruption risk management currently undertaking in China.
The relation between Grass-Roots Organization and government is a two-way influence, the value of options and functions of government plays a key role. The development of GRO in China is faced with the difficulties of lack of legislative norms, lack of community resources, self-limited mobility, and lack of external oversight. Therefore, we must resolve and improve them from the realization of government control, and strive to government funding, the completion of transferring governmental functions to promote strong government control, etc. in order to achieve its sound and rapid development.
The object of modern social science has features of continuity and linearity. But there are few research on sudden event, but they are dynamics of social development. Both the path dependence or obstacle of development will be broken by a sudden event, and the opportunity windows will be opened. Failure in system will be exposed by sudden event, which will guide the direction of institutional change and technical progress. In public policy and public management the applying of vulnerability, chaos and event-institution change theory will be useful to push institution and technical progress.
After the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan, cultural conflict in nuclear safety between the government, the nuclear power industry, and the public has become increasingly obvious, reflecting their differences in terms of psychological and behavioral attitude towards nuclear safety issues. Focusing on the current issues of nuclear safety cultural conflict with lessons from the Fukushima nuclear accident, this article examines the psychological and behavioral differences between the government, the nuclear industry and the public on the basis of social mentality towards public safety matters. It suggests that there should be a new understanding for nuclear safety culture with a particular emphasis on communication with the public; and that nuclear safety culture assessment and practice activities should be promoted through the establishment of a system for nuclear safety culture, personnel training, and social risk control for nuclear safety.
The air transportation liability system in China has become old-fashioned and the amount of compensation limited to ￥400,000 is quite maladjusted to the social economic state of development. To safeguard human rights and support consumers- rights are the inevitable trend of the development of democracy with the rule of law. The legal system of civil damages, which turns from liability for fault to liability without fault is the historical necessity and regular pattern of law evolution. The 1999 "Montreal Convention" has displaced the "Warsaw System" (mainly the 1929 "Warsaw Convention"), refreshed the original rules, set up a new international air carriers- liability system, and achieved the integration and modernization of the damage system, which demonstrates the advancement of legal system of civil damages. In this paper, the writer suggests that China should be geared to international standards, revise current law system in proper time, and perfect the air transportation liability system in China, by reference to the 1999 "Montreal Convention". Meanwhile, the suggestions contribute to improving the aviation safety, protecting the passengers'life and health rights, ensuring the air transportation order, and building a society with harmony and stability, which exert a positive role in revitalizing the Chinese nation.
Adopting legal type theory, the paper classifies the component part suppliers which participate in the design of the component and its integration to the aircraft as independent component suppliers. They share the nature of that of aviation manufacturers and that shall assume strict liability in design defect and warning defect. Those which do not participate in either of the design processes are classified as dependent component supplier. They do not share aviation manufaturers'nature and shall assume negligence liability in design defect and warning defect. The paper holds, however, that these suppliers shall all assume strict liability in manufacturing defect.
The creation of subrogation inheritance and deduction lies in practicing the concept of fairness in the succession process. The basic spirit of representation is to seek the longitudinal fairness of sub share independent,and the deduction lies in seeking the horizontal equity of joint heirs in common inheritance. Representative heir should undertake the obligation of deduction,when the subrogated successor receives the special gift from ancestor during his lifetime. Conversely, when the descendant who inherits in subrogation receives special gift from the decedent, difference should made as to the period to accept donation to decide whether the representative heir undertakes the obligation of deduction. If the ancestor has the wish to exempt the deduction, we should respect the wish.
The must be corresponding theory on law from the rule of law in the process of constructing a country of rule of law. From the source of law theory, all norm that can promote authoritative reason for Judicial decisions is law. Constitution is law, custom is law, too, therefore, it can divide law from rule of law into must'source, should'source and may'source.
The new system of damages of wrongful death was established in the Tort Law of China, so the method of that research should be transmitted from reasoning about law to reasoning by the law. According to the Tort Law of China, damages of wrongful death compensates the negative interest of close relatives of decedent, including the living expenses of the persons in need of the victim's maintenance and upbringing, which parallels with consolation money for the psychological injury. Compared with methods of general calculation and individual calculation, the feasible and impartial method of awarding damages of wrongful death may as well adopt the victim's loss of incomes on the basis of the similar extent of profession, education, etc.
Based on relevant historical literature, this paper explores the 2nd National Congress of CPC in the background of the Sinolization of Marxism. The result shows that this congress not only made a detailed analysis of China's national conditions and characteristics of the era, but also gave proper answers to such questions as the nature, steps, targets, motives, and prospects of China's revolution. It made an important contribution to the Sinolization of Marxism, and was a crucial link of the first historical leap in the Sinolization of Marxism.
Liu Shaoqi, as a CPC distinguished theorist, proposed rich and clean government thinking with Chinese characteristics. This article unearthed his new discussion on the significance and the target of political parties and clean government construction, the performance and causes of the corruption. Liu raised the fight against corruption to the height of the country's political security, revealed that bureaucracy, specialization were the main performances of China's corruption and proposed many anti-corruption measures, such as to strengthen the ideological transformation, the establishment of anti-corruption system and to strengthen supervision and restraint mechanisms for public power and so on. Serving the people wholeheartedly is the fundamental goal of clean government of the ruling party.
The main characteristics of the development of regulatory capture in recent years are discussed here. It is pointed out that the study on regulatory capture is a kind of interdisciplinary research, and then is a new energetic field developed by crossing and syncretizing the regulatory capture with many related disciplines such as management, law, political science and sociology; in which the connotations, developments and trends of company political strategy, regulation legal form and economic theory, special interest groups, social capital of regulation are expatiated. It is indicated that the refinements of these disciplines imply the profound understanding of the human being on the regulatory capture. The interdiscipline will definitely follow the principles of the integrity and ultimately develop toward the establishment of the comprehensive theories for the regulatory capture.
Based on the rational expectation theory, the essay analyses the problems that the national monetary policy brings different effects to various areas under the difference of regional expectation. The monetary effect model is created to illustrate that difference of regional expectation in the national monetary policy may result in a variety of implementation effects. This mathematical model can quantitatively deal with the different effects of the national monetary policy on the price and production in the different expectation areas. And it analyses the conduction path of the different effects of monetary policy. It opens up a new way to solving the problems relevant to it.
The theory of power and discourse, which was put forward by French philosopher Michel Foucault, tells us that it's the authority, rules and hierarchy that determine the function of discourse power. However, the translation of the foreign literatures is a process of the manipulation of discourse power, where those historical and cultural factors such as political power, text system, ideology and poetics have a significant impact on selection, publication and communication of classical works. As the core of Foucault's thought, this theory reveals the inherent laws in canon's formation and its changes under the influence of social authority. In fact, the mainstream of discourse of right has played a major role in its changing process of translation and introduction of canon.
Gender difference is a universal social phenomenon in verbal communication. Through analyzing English cross-gender conversations from the pragmatic perspective, the author makes a comparison on the abidance and infringement of cooperative principle, politeness principle and face theory between males and females. The result shows that females tend to adopt a cooperative attitude, follow politeness principle and maintain others' face while males tend to violate cooperative principle and politeness principle and threaten others' face.
Context to which the scope of pragmatics is closely related, proves to be the most significant content and the core notion of pragmatic study. The evolution from static context to dynamic context, the exploration of the role of context in pragmatics, and the reinforcement that meaning depends on context in which the subject of language is performing linguistic behavior and the emphasis on the contribution of the subject's cognitive-psychological state in communication, indicate a general pragmatic perspective and an attempt to return to the real world and humanity.
Post-90s college students have aroused wide concern in recent years. According to a investigation, the situation of their indebted awareness is positive in general, but some of them are not so thankful. Family, college, society and themselves all lead to this situation. Therefore, we must optimize family education, make colleges play an important role, create an appreciative society environment and arouse these students' initiative, then an education system of indebted awareness can be established.
In 2006, degree programs for both undergraduates and postgraduates in translation and interpretation (BTI and MTI, respectively) were officially approved by the Ministry of Education of China. In 2011, there were ( and are now) 31 universities offering BTI programs and 158 universities offering MTI programs. Among them, there are less than 20 universities offering both BTI and MTI programs. Diversity and idiosyncrasy in curricula are strongly recommended in the guidelines delineated by the Ministry of Education. This paper introduces these degree programs for both undergraduates and postgraduates in translation and interpretation at Beihang University, one of the leading universities offering both programs. The programs are distinctive in the fact that they are science and technology-focused, practice-intensive and industry-oriented. It is hoped that, through the curricula design and implementation, future graduates from both BTI and MTI programs of Beihang University will be capable of dealing with both-ways English-Chinese translation of domain-specific texts. In a sense, they will become semi-professionals who don't need much in-house training when they enter the translation industry.
In recent years some science and technology high score students and champions in college entrance examination who are expected to be trained to become top talents fled from the majors related to the development of national science and technology, which is worth to be noticed by the education sector, and it is necessary to take positive and effective corresponding measures. Talent students contest war should be turned into a contest of training elites for science and technology, and patriotism and a healthy value outlook should be implanted in the education of college candidates.
In the past two decades, a series of reforms in the field of engineering education in the U.S. has been recognized worldwide as the most successful. Peers in other countries have emulated its successful experience one after another, but the results are not satisfactory. This paper analyzes the problems and crises behind its "success", based on the status of the U.S. engineering education reform, and clearly points out the causes why we can not emulate it. As in the following, China can explore its own unique set of engineering education road.