2013, Vol. 26 No.2
Publication date: 25 March 2013
The study on policy executive power is an important content for expanding policy science research. In the past 10 years, the results of domestic policy executive power research show the increased trend year by year, the scope and depth expanding, but at the same time it also exposes some undeniable problems. The further development of research on policy executive power should do the following things: pay attention to the theoretical analysis, promote the diversity of theoretical research,innovate research method, strengthen the study application, enrich research object, develop the research angle and broaden the research field, promote research level completely.
There are inner power operation,power corruption,economic extensive growth in our local government's administration, which play a negative role in our economy and social development. The Green party believes in ecology,social responsibility, local democracy and non violence in politics; the Green Party also believes in the view of "small is beautiful" in economy, which will push our democratic progress faster and build an ecological economy to offer lessons from theory and practice.
While Chinese society is at a critical period of a comprehensive transformation, governance becomes a crucial factor. Junior civil servants are one of the components of our government to implement good governance because of the huge number of them. Therefore, it is essential for junior civil servants to effectively play their own roles, their dual role of being responsible to their senior leadership and to the citizens. But, the Chinese junior civil servants system still has some problems.It is necessary to rebuild the spirit of public administration.For this reason,this paper intends to apply with the spirit of public administration of Frederickson and the related theories in the analysis of the junior civil servants' spirit of public administration in order to remodel a valid path.
Risk society has changed the evaluation criterion of major projects and the agenda setting of decision-making. Major projects are becoming risk sources to social instability, which have triggered many mass incidents. Social stability risks of major projects are related to the social expectation of stakeholders, which includes three forms: benefit expectation, security expectation and legitimacy expectation. All of them lead to social instability behavior or behavioral tendencies directly. Encompassing the social expectation into the framework of social risk assessment, the social effects can be observed objectively and comprehensively, and then the social conflicts can be prevented effectively.
Recently, along with the tendency of normalization in occurrence of public crisis,the capability of government managing crisis has become one of important evaluation indicators. This article reviews the different strategies, especially from the aspects of emergency preparedness before disasters,intergovernmental and cross'agencies cooperation mechanism and social psychological regulation mechanism, adopted by U.S. government between hurricane Katrina and Sandy to draw a conclusion that U.S. government improved all three aspects and obtained better results of coping with hurricane Sandy. Finally, this essay points out two revelations to public crisis management in China,which are building normalized national emergency management system and constructing perfect social psychological regulation mechanism with the help of new media.
The booming of the transnational aircraft leasing market has brought about more aircraft lien disputes. Due to different understanding on the elements of the establishment of lien, it has triggered controversy in such disputes. From experiences of the US in similar cases and its lien rules, and conforming to the requirement of practices in the transnational civil aircraft leasing and the convention that we have joined, we should adopt the coexistence model of civil aircraft lien and civil aircraft priority right and clarify the establishment elements of liens and fill the gap of the civil aircraft lien. After that we can construct a scientific and reasonable system of civil aircraft lien in our country.
Uncontrolled growth of inactive satellites has imposed great threats on both the safety of navigation in outer space and the environment on the earth. The author introduces the threats posed by ESA's inactive satellite Envisat, examines legal status of the inactive satellites, and then point out that Article IX of the Outer Space Treaty has posed an exception on the "jurisdiction" under Article VIII, which serves as the legal basis of non-cooperative removal.
In current legal system of China, pre-emption right is the right of credit. Exercise of the right means the right holder will take the place of original offeror(the third party),and that turns into the right of replacing offer in terms of legal nature. Even after the third party is informed about pre-emption right and makes new offers, the right holder can still enjoy the right of replacing offer until the contract is dealt. Besides, in cases of lessee's pre-emption right being infringed by the seller, whether the buyer (the third party) is in good faith should be taken into consideration. If the buyer acts in good faith, the obligee of pre-emption right can only claim the seller for breach of contract or infringement compensation and responsibility. Otherwise, the seller and the third party are legally supposed to be liable for the damages caused by the tortious conduct, which is joint and several liability either, unless the contract between the seller and the third party is invalid.
As a famous American jurist today, Dworkin, on the basis of criticizing positive jurisprudence and utilitarian jurisprudence, has constructed persuasive principles doctrine, which emphasizes that the principles ought to be abided by, and rights theory, which claims that citizens should have the right to deserve equal concern and respect of government, from the modern standpoint of moral philosophy. Thereby, Dworkin also has made the "constructive interpretation" of law from the "internal point", thus elaborating the concept of "law as integrity".
Housing vacancy rate in China gradually manifests irrationality which attracts great attention, but the waste of resources and environmental problems implied in that has been seriously neglected. Therefore,the paper tries to analyse the ideological roots of the problem in the framework of environmental protection law, mainly on the basic of the Sustainable Development Concept,the Ecosystem Civilization Principle, and the social nature of resourses. Aiming at radically dealing with the unreasonable housing vacancy rate in China with the rule of law, some legislative proposals on legislation are raised finally.
The obligations in public law do not belong to the concept of "obligation" we use in common sense, which means someone under obligation in private law to perform an act. Typical obligations consist of the obligation of contract, obligation of management under no duty, obligation of unjust enrichment and obligation of torts. Other kinds of obligations are un-typical obligations. Untypical obligations exist in the Civil Law widely, one of which is the reward request right of lost property finders. Compared with typical obligation, un-typical obligation is dependent, individual and scattered. Though the classification of typical obligations and un-typical obligations support the existence of General Provisions of the Obligation Law, there are problems in the classification. The classification of independent obligations and dependent obligations is better than the classification of typical obligations and un-typical obligations.
This paper establishes the model which can measure the influence of air transportation industry to the socio-economy. According to the input-output sheet of Beijing in 2007, employing the input-output analysis from four perspectives including immediate economic contribution, backward multiplier effect, forward multiplier effect and consumed multiplier effect, we get the contribution of air transport industry to the socio-economy of Beijing. There is significant contribution of air transport industry to the socio-economy in Beijing.
To build a military-civil integrated aeronautic R&D system has important significance in integrating of military and civil aeronautical scientific and technological industry, advancing aeronautical science and technologies, and influencing the market competitive structure of aeronautical scientific and technological industry. The problems of our country’s current aeronautic R&D system are the imperfects in the system that has no independent establishments respectively pursuing military and civil basic aeronautic R&D activities, and that military force has no its own aeronautic scientific and research establishments. So we should build a military-civil integrated aeronautic R&D system composed of managerial organizations, universities, military and civil basic aeronautic scientific research establishments and aviation industrial companies. Finally, we give some reform suggestions such as perfecting aeronautic R&D system, building consultation mechanism on military and civil aeronautical science research programming and management, building bid and tender institutions, and fostering military-civil integrated aviation industry corporations, etc.
This study employs the scenario simulation experiment to research the effect of fairness of service recovery on consumer emotions and behavior intention, taking express service failure and recovery for example. The results show that: the fairness of service recovery have a significant effect on consumer sentiment and behavior intentions, in which fair perception of service recovery other than unfairness can lead to higher positive emotions, public praise and repurchase intentions and results in lower negative emotions; all the three dimensions of the fairness of service recovery affect significantly consumer sentiment and behavioral intentions, and in detail, distributive fairness and interactional fairness can lead to consumers positive emotions, public praise and repurchase intention and will not bring negative emotions, while procedural fairness cannot bring positive feelings, public praise and repurchase intentions, it also will not bring negative emotions, the importance of the three dimension followed by interactive fairness, interactional fairness and procedural fairness; unfair perception of the three dimensions of the fairness are not able to give consumers positive emotions, public praise and repurchase intentions but the negative emotions; there is a significant positive correlation between consumer positive emotion, public praise and repurchase intention, and significant negative correlation between consumer negative emotion, public praise and repurchase intention.
Liang Shiqiu's writing and translation complement each other. His representative works, which are entitled series essays of Ya She and Chinese version of the Complete Works of Shakespeare, have the features of affections, sincerity and wisdom. "Affections" includes motive flow, object flow and aesthetic flow. "Sincerity" includes writing poetics of skilful imitation and translation poetics of faithfulness. "Wisdom" lies in the aspects of culture, subject and form. Affections, sincerity and wisdom have great unity from the macro viewpoint in subject matter, aesthetic tendencies, cultural psychology and thinking connotations. However, they have differences from the micro viewpoint in literary style. In addition, they reflect the inner connections between literature and life, between literature and society, and between literature and aesthetics.
Ezra Pound views energy in language as his translation ontology and dispels the fixed meaning in the text; "Translation is creation", this dismisses the authority of the original work and the author; the deconstructive trace displayed in his translation strategy also ensures the survival of original text, decoding the "mode-copy" relationship in traditional translation theory. Ezra Pound’s translation thoughts share an amazing similarity with the Deconstructive Translation Thoughts prevalent half a century later. Profound and intense power of Deconstruction is proved in Ezra Pound’s translation thoughts, and Pound’s prospective ability as a theorist is demonstrated.
William Faulkner's most valuable short stories have become an essential part of his Yoknapatawpha. His mood toward the South makes his work puzzling and complicated. Through the detailed analysis of Mountain Victory, Barn burning, Lebanon's Rose and A Rose for Emily, one can see the southerners' bursting and acting for transcendence.
Though occupying a great part in each nation's spiritual heritage, the concept of "fortune and woe" displays a variety of characteristics in different national cultures. Originated from human's primitive spiritual experiences, the concept of "fortune and woe" now has apparently changed with the developing steps of history and society. Both Russia and China have rich contents pertaining to the concept of "fortune and woe", which powerfully reflects unique personalities, national spirits, and different religious backgrounds in these two nations. As standardized linguistic units, idioms and proverbs undoubtedly can be treated as products into which national wits condense, as well as the essence that our ideas are reflected in the languages. Additionally, they are effectively dedicated to a novel perspective to demonstrate different outlooks on world and values in Russia and China.
On the basis of the framework of the event semantics and the analysis mechanism of the Davidson event argument suppression, Chinese and English peculiar passives have been studied from the comparative perspective. Chinese and English peculiar passives have some syntactic and semantic similarities. Neither obey the usual syntactic conditions that hold for ordinary passives. And they depict the subject's characteristic property or long-lasting state. The reading of property depends on an abstract operation mechanism: the suppression of event arguments. The Ev'suppression results in the transformation from stage-level event to individual-level state. As for the formation mechanism of property description, English and Chinese peculiar passives have both similarities and differences.
Disciplines and majors setting of universities were promoted by China's social reform in different stages. The evolution of disciplines and majors setting showed significant characteristics of times and stages. Several main problems of disciplines and majors setting, such as portability, outer-limiting and short-term, were found through reviewing its history, which can provide experience for the new reform of universities. Lastly, based on the problems and combined with the times, some suggestions are proposed for the prospect of disciplines and majors setting of universities in the future.
The new campus not only carries reality of the task to expand school space, but also shoulders the historical mission of the university spirit tradition. The tradition of University spirit should be through the three components of the new campus:the construction of school infrastructure, teaching resources, and construction of campus culture. To correct the errors in the current construction of University Spirit in the new campus, we need to grasp several key points: as far as understanding is concerned, the architecture of the University is to reconstruct the right to speak of the spirit of tradition, as far as timing is concerned, the spirit construction should begin at the new campus, as far as psychological cognition is concerned, we should emphasize the links between teachers and students and the new campus, and as far as mechanism is concerned, we should guarantee the space for the the transmission of the University spirit.
The emergence and development of French engineer diploma education is analyzed from the historical and developing perspective. The characteristics and evolution of French engineer training mode is investigated based on key historical events including the Napoleon Empire, the French Commission of engineer's title, and the Bologna Declaration so as to explore the guiding role of scientific and technological progress and national interests drive on the demand for engineers. Some inspirations are presented to respond to the urgent need of the excellent engineers in China which includes the objectives and evaluation of training for the modern industrialization.
This paper proposes a new model for French reading course in a multi-media context supported by the writer's own teaching experiment. The course design is based on the schema theory, task-based approach and cooperative learning theory. The study aims at several important aspects in the French reading course, showing the function and the objective of the reading course, the results of the research are expected to provide insights for other French courses design and studies.
Analysis based on Science Citation Database can reflect scientific papers output and academic influence of a scientific research institution. Based on data from ESI (2000-2010), this paper evaluates the output of high-level scientific papers of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics(BUAA), and makes comparisons between BUAA and other "985 Project universities" by factor analysis. The results demonstrate that the number of BUAA's scientific papers has risen steadily, but the citation influence of the papers is still weak. Engineering science, materials science and physics are BUAA's preponderant disciplines, while other disciplines are relatively weak. On the whole, BUAA is at a medium to lower position in "985 Project universities".