2013, Vol. 26 No.5
Publication date: 25 September 2013
Steve Fuller's ideas of the governance of science include three aspects: the thought line, the reality aim,and reaching way about the governance of science. The first aspect takes on a logical link from the right to be wrong in open society to the republicanism ideals. The second aspect focuses on the improvement of big science and its elitism. The third aspect directs to secularization and democratization of science. Steve Fuller's ideas of the governance of science remodel the interaction between scientific discovery and mass participation, and that make a major enlightenment to the development of the university. Meanwhile, Fuller's Republicanism ideas are too idealized in the real world.
Collaboration among public organizations, private organizations and individuals increasingly becomes one of the key points and difficulties in public management. This paper studies the trans-department collaboration in public fields in perspective of knowledge collaboration. It descriptively anlyzes the status quo of knowledge collaboration in handling public affairs with empirical methods. It describes the frequencies of knowledge collaboration among different collaboration bodies and different collaboration patterns. It is found that the motives of knowledge collaboration in turn are: improving the efficiency and quality of public service, bettering the policy making and solving the social problems more intelligently. The main obstacle hindering knowledge collaboration within public sectors is lacking of information exchange platform while the main obstacle impeding trans-organizational knowledge collaboration is the conflicts of interests. The consideration of self-interets comes first when organizations decide whether to attend the knowledge collaboration.
In urban and rural areas the long-term dualistic structure seriously restricts steady economic development. Advancing urbanization is an important measure for changing the economic development mode and keeping economic development sustainably, and migrant workers-citizenization is the focus of urbanization. Due to historical and system reasons and the influence of various factors, there is serious lack of migrant workers citizen treatment in wages, working environment, public services and social security etc. From the reform of the household registration system, the transformation of government functions, the blank of laws and regulations and improving of the migrant workers quality, this article puts forward that ensuring migrant workers citizen treatment is the key to advancing the citizenization of migrant workers, as well as the breakthrough point to promote urbanization and the sustainable development of our country's economy.
Rural disaster prevention and mitigation is specially important for rural economic and social development, even for the country's modernization. Community is the primary management organization to promote the crisis prevention. Disaster prevention and mitigation in rural communities is essential and significative. In line with the disaster risk types and characteristics of its own, Beijing should clear rural community disaster risk, improve the disaster contingency plans, develop the publicity, education and training, improve the infrastructure, encourage various social forces to participate in disaster relief activities, and improve community disaster defense ability.
Mass disturbances triggered by the doctor-patient conflicts are a concrete manifestation of social contradictions in the medical field during the social transition period. As a vindicator of social public order, the government should play a leading role in coordinating and solving the conflict between doctor and patient; however, in real life, the government behavior is not to our satisfaction. Taking the "Nanping medical disturbance" as an example, the paper analyzes the government attitude and behavior, points out the misconducts of the government in coordinating and solving the conflict between doctor and patient, then puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions to regulate the behavior of the government and develop the harmonious doctor-patient relationship.
The Principles Relevant to the Use of Nuclear Power Sources in Outer Space has been passed for 20 years. Although the Principles are only part of the scope of the resolution of the United Nations and their legal binding does not extend to the international conventions, the content involved in the Principles is not only about the general nuclear safety, but also related to the exploration of outer space and the orderly and healthy development. The status and role of the Principles are becoming more important with the development of the space, especially with the increasingly deeper construction of the international community on nuclear safety mechanism, so its importance of being a basic specification file in this area is self-evident. It is both meaningful in theory and practice to analyze the Principles-possible trends by re-examine its background on the basis of 20 years of implementation and experience, meanwhile, it also can theoretically pave way for the establishment of China's future space nuclear use and nuclear safety mechanism.
According to the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution,the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated. However, Screening, frisks and restricting physical body freedom are common measures of airport security check. So, there is a question whether such measures without a warrant violate the requirement of the Fourteenth Amendment. American courts used Terry rule, agreement exception,border search and administrative search exception to analysis airport security check in several important cases. All those cases and principles studied in America also can be used to analyze the legitimacy of security check and for choosing new measures in domestic airports.
"Commercialization of Personality Rights" and similar argument,make Personality Rights have dual attributes, subvert the old cognition of Personality Rights and shake logical judgment and value judgments of Personality Rights that we shared before. The argument of "Property Rights Derived from Personality"thinks that on the basis of Personality Rights the Rights holders also have Property Rights Derived from Personality. Property Rights Derived from Personality and Personality Rights are two intrinsically linked civil rights. Personality Rights are the basic legal relationship of Property Rights Derived from Personality. The object of Property Rights Derived from Personality is personality factors that have been informatizated and can be informatizated. The owner of Property Rights Derived from Personality can use his own personality factors to establish Usufructuary Debt with others. Usufructuary Debt as Property Rights can circulate in the market. Property Rights Derived from Personality can be inherited. Portrait Rights, Name Rights, Privacy Rights, Sounds Rights and so on are concrete Personality Rights and negative rights to prohibit. The economically active use of portrait,name, privacy, sound and other personality factors is not the inherent and itself content of Personality Rights, is the content of Property Rights. On premise of the use of portrait is that portrait needs to be transformed into image. Image is one kind of information. Name,sound, privacy are also one kind of information,and can be used as property to usufruct.
With the promulgation and implementation of Company Law's Judicial Interpretation Three, the academic circles pay attention to The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition from theory to legislation, even to The judicial practice's response and review. This article admits the value of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition, and based on analyzing its current legal norm, thinks that the fact of current legislation's not fixing the mode of equity transferring is not legal loophole, but regression of theory's tool value in the spirit of the autonomy of private law. Analyzing general structure of equity transferring on the basis of separation principle, is the basis of constructing general structure of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition. Setting up a precondition based on equity's particularity and appearance doctrine of merchant law, considering constitutive requirements of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition, and combining with the parties-attitude whether admitting No-cause principle or not, are essential to constructing general structure of The Equity Bona Fide Acquisition.
Althusser holds that there is a "break" in Marx's Philosophy.The essence of this viewpoint is Marx's negating the structure of Hegel's dialectics. The view of "negating" lies in theoretical and political practice. Althusser reinterprets the starting point of Marx's scientific research in theoretical practice, but he misreads Marx's original idea. And he attaches importance to structure to highlight the fundamentality of social relations in Marxism in political practice, but the importance of "actual individual" is ignored. Although Althusser's break theory is extreme, it provides an illuminating insight into Marx's mind to us.
Marx's views on Stoffwechsel are beyond what anthropocentrism and non-anthropocentrism think about the relationship between human being and nature. And they have pointed out the fundamental ways for human being to reach an accommodation with nature, and provided important enlightenments about how to promote ecological progress and complete the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, from the perspective of ethics, institution, and scientific and technological innovation.
Belief is a in-itself and for-itself consciousness. The subject of Marxism belief includes the Communists, as well as the ordinary people. The object of Marxism belief is the socialism with Chinese characteristics. The Marxism belief is the unity of the Communists, the ordinary people and the socialism with Chinese characteristics. Today, we need to create the good image of Marxist believers, for attracting more ordinary people to believe in Marxism.
We investigated the role of trading duration in measuring the price impact of trades based on MRR structure model. Using the data of 18 actively traded stocks over three months in 2004, we found that when trading duration decreases, the adverse selection cost increases, thus the price impact of trades increase, but no evidences show that there is effect of trading duration on liquidity cost. Further, we investigated their effects of the duration residue of WACD(1,1) model on adverse selection cost and liquidity cost respectively. Our results show that the effect of the residue on adverse selection cost is significant, while the duration residue does not affect liquidity cost. These suggest that when the intensity of informed trading increases, the adverse selection cost increases but the liquid cost does not.
Taking into account time-varying and dynamic properties of volatility spillover effect in the financial markets, this paper studied the time-varying volatility relationship between agriculture futures markets at home and abroad by the bivariate BEKK, and concluded that: The agricultural futures volatility is significantly affected by their own pre-fluctuations, with aggregation and lasting properties; There is no volatility effect between US corn futures and China corn futures markets. However, there are bi-directional volatility spillover between the US soybean futures and Chinese soybean futures, and US soybean meal futures and Chinese soybean meal futures. Chinese soybean futures and soybean meal futures have pricing power in the world agricultural product futures market.
At present, China's national defense science and technology R&D input and total input intensity are increased year by year, and the growth rate is faster, but compared with the United States and other countries which rely on their own highly developed economic strength and scientific and technological level committed to the development of their overwhelming armed forces, China's national defence science and technology R&D input in either absolute quantity and relative quantity is still low. This is mainly due to China's strategic culture, such as the limitation of the traditional objective factors. At the same time, there are quite some problems and contradictions in transferring scientifi research achievements into civil fields and application by China's national defense science and technology research departments. For this reason, this paper puts forward some ideas to strengthen information communication channels construction, regulate the national defense science and technology research investment management constructive.
Desire is one of the most important subjects in literature. Studies of desire in literature tend to overemphasize such external determinants of the social circumstances,and ignore the psychological dynamics of writer's process of creation and character-words and deeds. The theory of desire put forward by the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan not only helps to reveal the fundamental roots for the predicament of human existence, but also explores the psychological dynamics for their social behaviors. It further breaks the traditional border between the disciplines of psychology and follows the tendency of "introverted" orientation in the field of literary research; it thus provides an effective way for the interdisciplinary studies of foreign literature.
Herzog typically reflects Bellow's seeking for humanity and self in his literary career. Herzog, the protagonist, is a mixture of madness and reason, constantly conflicting with "non-self" while longing for reconciliation with others and the society. In the end, Herzog forms a new idea of self, transcends his ego and fulfills his self-redemption. The depiction of the intellectual and his social situation reflects Bellow's insistence on seeking for humanity by writing novels and indicates his humanistic tendency.
Reference cohesion is commonly found in both Chinese and English discourses but employed in different ways. Based on the English cohesion theory proposed by Halliday and the Chinese cohesion theory developed by Xu Yulong, as well as the study about discourse anaphora by Xu Jiujiu, this paper makes a contrastive analysis of the reference cohesion in the first chapter of Fortress Besieged and its English translation with the software AntConc. A systematic analysis is made about the third person pronouns in the English translation and their counterpart in the original Chinese version. In conclusion, while third person pronoun is usually adopted as a manner of reference cohesion in English, Chinese tends to omit the pronouns and resort to the so-called zero reference. This is because Chinese grammar is much looser than English grammar. Besides, in Chinese, the choice of zero reference or pronoun reference is constrained by certain elements.
The ability and the level of knowledge sharing determine the ability of knowledge management of a team. With social network method, knowledge sharing network of a scientific research team in a university is constructed in this paper. The network is analyzed and measured from the angles of network-center, core-edge and structural holes. Studies show that the team is with great network density, short average distance of the members, strong cohesion and strong network viscosity. And then methods of promoting knowledge sharing are analyzed, providing reference strategies for other teams of the same type such as academic program system、process management system and discussion and communication system,ect.
In 2009, the ministry of Education started to train full-time engineering master. Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics gradually formed an innovative training system including reforming recruitment and awards mechanism, innovating training mode, implementing practice, developing tutor troop, and establishing quality system-based research, analysis and practice.
Small class teaching is an necessary trend of the education reform.It is a new education form which is guided by the advanced philosophy of education and follows its own intrinsic value of education and the rule of teaching. It emphasizes that students should be taught according to each different character and more attention should be paid to the students-innovational ability and development. The effect is obvious in the language teaching.This paper made research on teaching in small-class, illustrated some teaching ways such as guiding the students to participate actively, making atmosphere in class more light, change teaching space form, use multimedia, give dynamic homework and so on.
Industrial science experiment lesson (ISEL) is an effective way to improve the engineering ability of the students. Sino-French Engineer School of Beihang university has five platforms for ISEL, some researches about the pedagogical mode of ISEL have been done and a problem-centered pedagogical method is presented. Firstly, basic qualities of future engineer when facing the complex industrial system are listed; then two current ISEL platforms, Electrical Assistance Direction (EAD) system of automobile and Racket Stringing Machine (RSM), are selected as the study cases to describe the characters and setting rules of the problems. Pedagogical result shows that the problems deriving from real engineering and multi-disciplinary system can inspire the students with passion to participate in the experiment and develop their abilities of inquiring knowledge, technical communication, manipulation, execution, and innovation actives, which will be very important for the future engineers.