2014, Vol. 27 No.1
Publication date: 25 January 2014
Modern science and technology has demonstrated increasing advantage in the prevention and control of corruption. It is conducive to power control, weakening of corrupt ion motivation and reduction in corruption opportunities. Taking "system + technology" as the main characteristics, the corruption prevention model is the product of putting the modern technology into the system construction of punishing and preventing corruption. It realizes the restriction and supervision of power at a lower cost, minimizes the transaction costs in the principal-agent relationship caused by factors such as asymmetric information and opportunism. As a transaction cost optimization form of corruption prevention, anti-corruption by technology is a useful tool for the construction of clean politics. With modern science and technology integrated into the construction of socialist democratic politics, the rise and development of network politics has become an inevitable trend. It can directly affect the deepest level of power structure at the relatively low cost. It can also help the anti-corruption by technology transform from the traditional two-way development model with the power control in system and power supervision outside the system as the main characteristics to a new model with the power control in system and political absorption outside the system, so as to realize the prevention of corruption from the source.
Frequent accidents of migrant workers and their work injury insurance have caused great concern in the society. This paper employs the historical analysis method in examining the evolution of work injury insurance system of the migrant workers. It is found that the research and construction of the work injury insurance system for the migrant workers is far behind the development needs of the workers. It is also found that the system operates inefficiently in terms of its coverage area, the industry distribution of the migrant workers and the demand and satisfaction degree of the migrant workers concerning the running of the work injury insurance system. With the help of the method of supply and demand curves, the author provides a comprehensive analysis of the work jury insurance from the following aspects: the requirement and supply of the work injury insurance and the responsibility of the government. The analysis shows that the inadequate understanding about their professional risks and the indirect bearing of the work injury insurance contribute to the low insurance demand of the migrant workers. The institutional reasons for the low insurance rate of the migrant workers are narrow coverage of the current industrial injury insurance system, long period of identifying work injuries and unscientific setting of certain systems. Other causes are the unreasonable system setting of the government and the lack of motivation of employers.
Taking "Baobeihuijia(baby-come-home)" website which helps search for missing children as the case, the paper makes an investigation into the evolutionary mechanism of the Network "Similar Civil Organization" (NSCO) and suggests that the evolutionary mechanism of NSCO be divided into four stages: formation, development, standardization and maturity. Making an analysis about the social impact of NSCO, the paper finds that the NSCO plays a positive role in promoting public participation, enhancing the influence of NSCO, accelerating the coordinated development of the society and broadening the range of administrative supervision. However, due to its development defects and the slow construction of rule of law, NSCO can also cause social disorder, irrational network opinion and other negative social impacts. Therefore, the paper puts forward countermeasures for the healthy development of NSCO, which include creating a development environment, transforming cultivation mode, deepening internal management mechanism, speeding up legislative process and improving regulatory system.
The major administrative decision-making group discussion and decision system means that major administrative problems must be conducted through full discussion and collective decision. Meanwhile, individual or a minority of people's arbitrariness must be firmly opposed. Whether the major administrative decision-making is scientific and democratic, directly affects the effectiveness of government administrative management activities. Because the major administrative decision-making group discussion directly embodies the democratic centralism, major administrative decision-making errors can be avoided. In this paper, we study and analyze the development of the system of the status major administrative decision-making group discussion and decision system operation rules, procedures and lack of the unified collective discussion and decision procedure, administrative departments lack of democratic consciousness, the social public lack of democratic politics consciousness, administrative decision-making supervision lagging behind and a series of limitations, pointing out that only by establishing a unified, efficient collective discussion and decision procedure, improving the administrative departments of the democratic consciousness and the social public awareness of democratic participation as well as strengthening the supervision of administrative decision can we better our major administrative decision-making system of collective discussion and decision of our country.
International rule of law requires the improvement of the quality and comprehensiveness of international lawmaking, the perfection of compliance with international law and the construction of international dispute settlement mechanism. The international rule of law in outer space is facing the problems of legal hysteresis quality, relying on soft law and fragmentation of law, the dependence on the willingness of the states in law compliance, and the absence of effective dispute settlement mechanism. An ideal international rule of law in outer space depends on the revision of the five outer space treaties, further development of soft law, the improvement of law enforcement, and the establishment of special dispute settlement system.
The legal system of reduction of space debris and hazard control mainly include organization mechanism of rights and responsibilities, limiting and licensing, alert and prevention, resources security and responsibility investigation. Based upon the current international conventions and guidance documents, the author considers that although the system of organization mechanism of rights and responsibilities has been preliminarily established, it fails to specify the duties of countries for the reduction and control of space debris and the system of limiting and licensing is still absent, especially regarding the government's estimation and license of space debris before launching spacecrafts. The author also finds that although the alert and prevention system has been preliminarily formed with relatively detailed rules, the system of resources security has not been specified, and is mainly relying on the domestic laws of each country; and the responsibility investigation system only has general principles and lacks specified standards for the affirmation of liabilities. These situations need to be improved in the further legislation of relevant international rules.
Ancient Chinese people put forward many traffic regulations from long-term social practice. For instance, keeping to the right on city roads, prohibition against traveling fast in downtown area; ships with the current go first when sailing in the river. Rich in life philosophy, some of these regulations are used even today. However, some of the traffic regulations in ancient China were quite inappropriate. For example, it was written in law by the rulers of every dynasty that ordinary people should give way to the emperor and the aristocracy so that strict social hierarchy can be maintained. Night travel was forbidden in case of mass rally. The travelling right of peasants was limited in form of law in order to tie them to the land for agricultural production. As to those inappropriate elements, we should discard and criticize them.
Chinese e-business enterprises responded to the great amount of e-commerce disputes under the rapid development of Internet technology and the slowing tendency of Internet law development by construction of the online dispute resolution mechanism with Chinese characteristics under the technical support and code control system. The mechanism satisfies the huge demand of e-commerce disputes resolution to some extent, but also has risks on the legitimacy and rationality. Compared with the current status and pros and cons of ODR abroad both in developed countries and developing countries, it is necessary for Chinese e-business enterprises to construct an independent online disputes resolution institute with both multiple subjects and professional and efficient adjudication system within the framework of Chinese civil and commercial law.
Hu Jintao's view of Marxism is the basic ideas and views on "what Marxism is, how to deal with Marxism", which arose in the process of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, accelerating socialist modernization, and achieving the great renewal of the Chinese nation with Hu Jintao as the general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party. Hu Jintao provided a correct understanding and scientific answer to some basic problems about the generation, nature, structure and functions of Marxism, enriching and further developing Chinese communists-view on Marxism. In the new situation, systematic and comprehensive understanding about Hu Jintao's views on "what Marxism is, how to deal with Marxism" provides theoretical guidance for the deepening of reform in China in an all-round way and the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Mission in democracy within the party has a long way to go, and one strategic principle runs through the Chinese political process. Its characteristics, principles and function are positive energy resources. To contain the "negative energy" within the Party, develop system resources, promote positive energy to enhance democracy within the party are the important strategic tasks of the Party construction.
Taking the high frequency trading data of Shanghai Stock Exchange A stock market as samples, this paper confirms that there also exists a phenomenon of stealth trading in pure order-driven market, and verifies the stealth trading behavior of investors' in Chinese stock market. Different from the New York Stock Exchange where informed traders usually concentrate on medium-sized trading in order to hide their insider status, informed traders in Chinese stock market are more likely to submit small-sized orders on a bullish market, and large-sized orders on a bearish market, which shows that different structures of trading mechanism and external market environment have different influence on the order submission strategy of informed traders.
Base on the data on Sina weibo, the paper uses empirical methods to analyze micro-blog users' concerned behavior, comments behavior and forwarding behavior, and describes the state of micro-blog overall user behavior in detail, and has a basic understanding for its static behavior. Micro-blog is a directed network with resource-rich and more nodes, more users release information by computers and mobile terminals, and mobiles become more and more popular; the number is bigger in economically developed regions compared with the developing areas; the user's information is self-centered, and the users often publish the information about themselves or what they are interested in. The network of users' concerned behavior, comments behavior and forwarding behavior is less dense as a whole, but partially it tends to gather.
Industrial transformation is the inevitable requirement and internal power of sustained economic growth. But many countries and regions face difficulties in the process of transformation, and it is impossible to provide a microscopic foundation for the industrial transformation if the object, the industry itself, becomes the analytical target. Under the methodology of main body, this paper takes the main body of the industry which includes businesses, individuals, and their behavior and interaction as the starting point to discuss the process and equilibrium decision of the transformation. On the one hand, individuals try to select appropriate behavioral strategies in the established system of constraints and conditions while enterprises change industrial patterns through the decision of integration. On the other hand, businesses and individuals have needs and wishes to change the existing institutions constraints. But inappropriate government interventions often distort or hinder this spontaneous process, thus affect the normal transformation of the industry.
This paper argues that the traditional MinWd Constraint in phonology should be broken into three sub-constraints, namely MinN, MinV and MinA, according to the parts of speech of the word concerned, because different word category tends to contain different number of syllables in response to the different degrees of stress they commonly bear; e.g. an object NP tends to attract more stress than a head V. The three sub-constraints are claimed to combine into a complex constraint in a Boolean conjunction relation, on the basis of analysis of some transliterated loanwords used in Chinese.
Based on the theory of stylistics,the author employs corpus analysis methods to examine the major differences between the abstracts by Chinese and foreign authors in terms of linguistic features and information structures. The author finds that there are obvious differences between the abstracts by Chinese and foreign writers in terms of length of the abstracts, word families, tense and voice. Chinese writers tend to use more short sentences, more simple past tense and more passive voice in their abstracts. Practical writing instructions are proposed in the paper to facilitate Chinese writers to improve the quality of their English abstracts and help them gain more access to international recognition and promote academic exchange. Such instructions include: the content of the abstracts should follow the structure of purpose, method, results and conclusion, simple present tense should be more frequently used and active voice should be more widely used.
Interrogative pronouns which take interrogative meaning as the core category are the natural focus of sentences. Having an important position in both Chinese and English languages, the interrogative pronouns are often expanded in usage. In order to meet the needs of communication, the semantic domain of interrogative pronouns can be expanded to the non-interrogative category, which include universal reference, indefinite reference, exclamation and negation. This phenomenon exists across languages, showing it is not accidental, whereas it is inextricably linked with the common cognitive law of human being. Furthermore, resulting from their syntactic positions as the interrogative focus, the interrogative pronouns of Chinese and English also have derivational functions of introducing a clause or anaphora usage respectively.
Postmodernist novel Snow White was based on the fairy tale Snow White and Seven Dwarves and other classical fairy tales. Its author Donald Barthelme adopted intertextuality to combine literary tradition with social reality. His creation inherits some literary features of classical fairy tales and rebels against them at the same time, which embodys the stunning creativity of this postmodernist. This article, from the perspective of intertextual analysis of metaphors of fairy tales in Snow White, interprets Donald Barthelme's deep concern about social reality hidden behind his random writing.
Currently, to build a scientific and effective educational quality assurance system has become the focus of the government, universities and society in China. Under the background of the 2nd cycle of the undergraduate teaching evaluation project, the construction of internal teaching quality monitoring and supporting system has become increasingly important. This paper analyzes the 2010 Undergraduate Teaching Quality Report released by the "985 Project" universities. With content analysis as the main research method, the paper summarizes such basic characteristics of internal teaching quality monitoring system as innovating management system,setting up the teaching quality monitoring system,perfecting the system,establishing a sound internal teaching evaluation system,paying attention to the process of management,pursuing a systematic internal teaching quality monitoring system,perfecting the index system of the evaluation and seeking scientific teaching evaluation. The paper suggests that the pattern of internal teaching quality assurance should be diverse and unique. It also provides the enlightenment for the research oriented universities on how to construct scientific and integrative internal teaching quality assurance system.
The author conducted a survey on 19 graduate innovation bases of six domestic universities. The results show that most of the bases have adequate software and hardware facilities such as academic advisors, equipments and financial support, and they provide practical courses, scientific research and other effective support for the students to engage in innovative activities. Through participating the study and research of the innovation base, the graduates greatly enhanced the ability to practice and to think independently and their lasting power to carry out research were also inspired. The bases got high evaluation from the students. However there are some shortages of the bases: fewer opportunities for the students to exchange practical experience, limited opening up of the labs and lack of diverse groups of teachers for the guidance of the students. The paper suggests that the universities should make full use of the subject resources and external resources, increase the investment for the bases, establish a diversified advisory team and incubation platforms for the follow-up academic exchange and research in order to further enhance the graduates' research capacity and creativity.
The democratic management of the Chinese universities is facing new challlenges in the new era. The constructin of Teachers' Representative Congress(TRC) which serves as the main approach to the democratic management and supervision has become increasingly important. During the operating and functioning of TRC, there exist some problems such as the ineffectiveness of laws and regulations and the lack of teachers' awareness of their legal rights. To improve the role of Teachers' Representative Congress, we must strengthen the leadership of the party committee and establish an effective platform for multi-level communication.
To nurture graduate students to become innovative talents is the objective need of constructing an innovative country, and is the important mission of graduate education. The ideological and political education for graduate students have created the condition for the cultivation of innovation ability, pointed out the direction, built the atmosphere, and are playing a positive role in the process of graduate student innovation ability training.