2014, Vol. 27 No.2
Publication date: 25 March 2014
Through the continuous extension of the loss caused by the disruptions and the extension of the partial information of end time, the paper explores when managers should activate contingency plans based on the multi-attribute decision making method and concentration of loss function. In the absence of information of loss function about unexpected events, the author tries toconstruct anactivating model by taking the theory and methods of online decision making. The author also uses the competitive ratio to prove the effectiveness of the model. On this base,further numerical analysis shows the effectiveness of contingency plans.
Training of civil servants at the basic level has always been the key to the quality improvement of the personnel of public administration. Training effectiveness has aroused the attention of both theorists and practical workers. Inview of the previous research on the trainee readiness, the paper puts forward the concept of readiness of training of Chinese civil servants at the basic level. The paper establishes seven dimensions and scales and a questionnaire survey is conducted to test the hypothesis of each dimension.Through the discussion on the relationship between the various dimensions and the training effectiveness, the paper builds a relationship model of the readiness of the training with the expectation to promote the training effectiveness of Chinese civil servants at the basic level.
In the report of the 18th CPC National Congress, equal opportunity is regarded as the basis and condition of making fair social security system. Under normal circumstances, the equal opportunity is a core concept in the field of resource allocation. In theory, the orientation of equal opportunity of Marxism parties tends to achieve the equal respect and free development of people. It also requires a substantial equal opportunity and favors the concept of universal health care. The most ideal way of universal health care is to adopt compulsory insurance mode, to advocate and establish collective idea and social responsibility. It also encourages people to buy insurance by reducing the fees. Moreover, in the process of policy formulation and implementation, respect for people should always be considered as a high priority.
Indexization of deliberative quality is a method for deliberation measuring. Marco R Steenbergen and his fellows designed the Discourse Quality Index 1.0 based on Habermas-s discourse ethics, which aroused a lot of debates around the DQI1.0, including the doubt about the credibility of detail indexes, sufficiency, applicability and reliability of DQI1.0 in whole. As a result, researchers developed coding scheme for measuring deliberation-s content, intersubjective rationality index and DQI2.0 as a supplement for DQI1.0.
The use of nuclear power sources in outer space is the inevitable choice to meet the needs for the exploration of deep space. Because of its inherent risk factors and the widespread influence of space activities on the Earth, how to use the nuclear power sources safely is a problem faced by the whole international community.At present, only two international instruments directly regulate the use of Nuclear Power Source in outer Space, namely the "Principles Relevant to the Use of Nuclear Power Sources in Outer Space" adopted in 1992, and the "Safety Framework for Nuclear Power Sources Applications in Outer Space" established in 2009. These two instruments provide general principles and specific technical specifications as well as appropriate safety standards to be followed. However, both of them are considered as soft law, which are not legally binding and enforceable. The possibility of forming a new space law treaty on Nuclear Power Sources seems very low for the moment, the recourse to some kind of soft law, such as Principles, Framework, or Code of conduct, is an interim positive and realistic solution. It can be a good way to harmonize national laws and develop an international regime on the specific issue of NPS.
The principle of common-but-differentiated responsibilities (CBDR) has played a very important role in the field of international environmental law. It is both necessary and feasible to apply the principle to address the issues of space debris mitigation. Specifically, in the field of space debris mitigation, application of this principle include the following meanings: all countries have common obligations to mitigate space debris, a minimum mitigation standards must be followed by all countries, differential treatment should be implemented according to different national circumstances, space powers should give developing countries the necessary financial and technical support.
The final judgment sale contract is against the principle about the subjective scope of res judicata effect. It is not allowed that the subject beyond the principle becomes qualified in the procedure of execution and application for court enforcement in his own name. Such an attempt at boundless expansion of subjective scope of res judicata is forbidden by law. The judgement sale contract is different from litigation and litigation trust. Neither can it be classified as litigation take-on system, nor litigation trust system. What's more, the litigation trust is also forbidden by law. The enforcement right of claim, the object of judgment sale contract does not have the characteristics of strong liquidity, artificial divisibility, nominal value invariance like the financial assets. So it does not belong to the financial asset transfer contract. The subject of debt certificate transfer contract is legitimate for it has the features of liquidity and property instead of the factor of person and public law. So the debt certificate transfer contract shall be legal and effective.
"Innocent Owner Defense" has developed gradually from weak to strong in American law. It is now used for the protection of property of an innocent third party, which has brought new strength to American legal system. With a thorough analysis on its concept and applications, the study on this defense from the historical perspective not only means an in-depth knowledge of American civil forfeiture law, but also helps lay a solid foundation for the similar protection of property of an innocent third party in China.
The legal nexus between the assignment of mining rights and fluctuation of stakes in the mining is totally different. As a common practice in market operation, assignment of stakes is often referred to as illegal assignment of mining rights because of the strict limits of assignment of mining rights. The conflicting nature of these two terms lies in the market mechanism insufficiency of the mining rights circulation system and frequent administrative interventions. To solve this problem, the paper advocates the acceleration of the reform of mining rights circulation, the resetting of the mining rights system based on the distinction between property rights and management rights and the weakening authority of the administration examination and approval.
The practice of culture in modern China is changing from culture industry to the culture of common people. How to coordinate different developing mechanisms to promote the development of socialist culture with Chinese characteristics becomes an important subject in the current culture study. The interaction of daily-life style, cultural subject, modern education all contribute to the internal developing mechanism while the component parts of the external developing mechanism are the interaction of production-life style, science and technology, social organization structure. They form a whole, dynamic and opening system, promoting the healthy development of contemporary Chinese culture, people and society.
In the context of socialism with Chinese characteristics,prosperity is an important category of social development, which shows a strong awareness of theory, times and value relationship. Derived from the reality, the concept has inevitably become the core value of socialism, demonstrating the new value concept and value orientation in China. In constructing the view of prosperity in the socialist China, there are some theoretical and practical misunderstandings which need to be rectified. The paper suggests that we should straight the standpoint of socialist value, insist on the liberation and development of the productivity and maintain social fairness and justice. Only on this basis can prosperity truly become the driving engine for the healthy development of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the realization of the great rejuvenation of Chinese nation.
The paper regards that the internationalization of RMB has entered a window of opportunity since the financial crisis in 2008. The paper first analyzes historical opportunities for the internationalization of RMB which includes the essence of RMB's internationalization, the historical turning point and the driving forces. Then it analyzes both the profits and risks during the process of RMB's internationalization. Finally based on the theory of currency substitution and competition, the paper builds up a game model for the realistic selection of RMB's internationalization. The paper suggests that China gradually substitute US dollar and other currencies with RMB to realize the regionalization of RMB by means of currency competition.
This paper uses the data of real estate companies in A shares between 2006 and 2009 to analyze the effect of government intervention and bank loan on the real estate. The paper demonstrates that the government intervention can reduce the degree of overinvestment of the real estate. Bank loan not only fails to restrain the overinvestment but also has a positive correlation with the overinvestment. Further research finds that the less the government intervenes, the more effectively the bank loan promotes overinvestment.
Land price is a fundamental tool to allocate land resources. Its change rule and influencing factors are worth discussing. This article uses Hohhot's land auction prices from 2008 to 2011 for quantitative analysis. Study finds that land price has a linear correlation with land use type, especially with commercial land, industrial land and other types of land use. Corresponding to the central city principle in location theory, farther the land locates from the city center, lower its price. Land price is insignificantly relevant with turnover time and the effect of land region on land price is not obvious. This paper provides a theoretical and empirical study for the reasonable land-policy-building.
Aviation economy is a hot word in both the civil aviation industry and the society as a whole. Based on the method of conceptual analysis, the paper reviews and analyzes the current development of domestic and international aviation economy. It is found that the existing concepts have many problems which need to be redefined, especially the concept of connotation of aviation economy and the state of agglomeration characteristics. Based on the competitive situation of the global companies,the paper puts forward four specific suggestions. The people's government at the provincial level should be the main subject of developing aviation economy in China. The core work should be setting an industrial agglomeration platform for the development of aviation economy. Scale control and differentiations of strategies should be realized. The further and healthy development of air transportation economy should be guaranteed.
ESP teaching in China is misled by "knowledge-orientation" and classes are normally delivered based on teachers-personal experience. If ESP teachers can make a need analysis for the students and choose authentic materials to establish an ESP corpus, the problems can be solved. By establishing an aeronautical English corpus, the paper explores the application of corpora in ESP teaching. Based on this corpus, a quantitative analysis of the frequency of "fail" and "failure" is made to prove the hypothesis that aeronautical English tends to use more verb nominalization structures. The case study indicates that small corpus is effective in helping students acquire the characteristics of aeronautical English and make them sensitive to language phenomenon.
Eliot follows not only the main literary tradition represented by Dante and Shakespeare in Europe, but also the English female literary tradition passed down in Britain since the 19th century. This can be seen in his construction of positive portrait of women, his focus on women's voice and the feministic qualities in his poetry. The female characters in Eliot's writings can be both lovely and holy, and can function as both guides and listeners. Eliot's inheritance of female literary tradition reflects his profound respect for women and great variety of his poetic creation and his sentimentality as a writer.
Because third person is not the direct participant in speech communication, it is difficult to identify the referential forms of the third person. This study, based on Langacker's grounding theory, explains and explores the cognitive mechanism relevant to the reference identification of third person referential forms in the daily languages of both Chinese and English. The result of the study shows that the third person referential forms change at form, semantic and category level. To get a correct identification of the third person referential forms, the participants of the communication have to build a discourse framework and process it cognitively.
In this paper, some world famous universities with characteristics on general educationareselected. On this basis, the paper discusses and exploresthe development of humanities courses and training mechanism in general education for undergraduates in these foreign universities. The author thinks that Chinese universities can learn from their successful experience. The paper suggests thatthe view that professional expertise is more important than comprehensive knowledge should be changed and that the proportion of general education courses and the number of humanities teachers should be increased. It also suggests that a scientific, effective and reasonable humanities courses and training mechanism in general education beestablished so as to turn out more qualified and comprehensively-developed talents.
The traditional course of software engineering practice is out of line with the actual enterprise requirements. The paper proposes a new idea for the teaching reform of software engineering practice which includes the construction and simulation of the practice under the environment of enterprise. Only by this way can universities cultivate market-oriented software engineering talents. The paper describes the market-oriented teaching reform measures from the following four aspects: practice subject, enterprise teachers, development attitude and practical methods.The teaching reform has been implemented since 2012 in the College of Software of BUAA. Good teaching results are obtained and the expected goal of teaching reform is achieved.
Reading comprehension is an important part in CET-6, whose reliability and validity have become a focus for a long time. Taking new CET-6 exam questions as samples, the article attempts to analyze the content validity of the reading comprehension part in CET-6 from the prospective of text input and expected output. Results indicate that CET-6 reading comprehension conforms to the standards of CET-6 Testing Syllabus and tallies with the specifications of College English Syllabus. At the same time, it proves to be an effective test for the reading ability of the examinees. Even so, it still needs to be improved so as to obtain a better validity.
In the ever-changing era of knowledge economy, innovation ability has become the core of comprehensive competitiveness. To keep pace with the education innovation, students, teachers, schools and the government pay more attention to the promotion of the research-based teaching and the creative capability of the students. This paper summarizes three basic principles of inquiry curriculum and their applications in real practice. The author hopes that the inquiry curriculum can open up the talent development training function in the main channel of higher education and harmonize the students' ability of knowledge accumulation, innovation ability and quality cultivation.